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aquests 0.7.6.28

Asynchronous Multiplexing HTTP2/DBO Requests

Latest Version: 0.7.10.8

Aquests is generating asynchronous requests and fetching data from HTTP2, REST API, Websocket, RPCs and several Database engines. This project was originally started for testing Skitai App Engine and seperated for efficient developing eaches on Jan 2017.

Supported requests are:

  • HTTP/1.1
  • HTTP/2.0 if target server provides
  • Websocket
  • XML-RPC
  • gRPC
  • PostgreSQL
  • MongoDB
  • Redis

Quickstart

For fetching single web page:

import aquests

aquests.get ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/")
aquests.fetchall ()

Its result is:

user$ REQID 0. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received

Let’s add more pages:

for i in range (3):
  aquests.get ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/")
aquests.fetchall ()

Its result is:

REQID 0. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received
REQID 1. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received
REQID 2. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received

Now increase fetching workers,

aquests.configure (3)  # 3 workers
for i in range (3):
  aquests.get ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/")
aquests.fetchall ()

Result is same as above but somewhat faster and REQID is not ordered.

Now increase workers and pages for making load,

aquests.configure (100) # 100 workers
for i in range (10000):
  aquests.get ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/")
aquests.fetchall ()

Now result is,

REQID 3635. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received
REQID 3627. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received
REQID 3594. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received
REQID 3702. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received
REQID 3685. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received
REQID 3637. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received
REQID 3591. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received
REQID 3586. HTTP/2.0 200 OK 4210 bytes received
(and scrolled fast...)

Installation

pip install aquests

On posix, for compiling psycopg2 module, requires theses packages,

apt-get install libpq-dev python-dev

Testing Installation

At command line,

python3 -m aquests.load -n 100 -c 2 http://myserver.com
# for viewing help
python3 -m aquests.load --help

Note that is is similar to h2load HTTP2 bench marking tool, but aquests is not optimized for benchmarking.

Usage

Binding Callback

def finish_request (response):
  print (response.status_code)
  print (response.content)

aquests.configure (workers = 10, callback = finish_request)
for i in range (10):
  aquests.get ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/")
aquests.fetchall ()

Making Traffic Load With Generator Style

numreq = 0
limit = 1000000
workers = 100

def finish_request (response):
  global numreq, limit
  if numreq < limit:
    aquests.get ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/")
    numreq += 1

aquests.configure (workers, callback = finish_request)
for i in range (workers):
  aquests.get ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/")
  numreq += 1
aquests.fetchall ()

Set/Get Request Meta Information

def finish_request (response):
  print (response.meta ['req_id'])
  print (response.meta ['req_method'])
  print (response.meta ['job_name'])

aquests.configure (workers = 10, callback = finish_request)
aquests.get ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/", meta = {'job_name': 'test1'})
aquests.get ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/", meta = {'job_name': 'test2'})

Note: meta [‘req_id’], meta [‘req_method’] and meta [‘req_callback’] are reserved keys and automatically added by aquests. You SHOULDN’T use theses keys and actually it is better do not use key starts with ‘req_’.

Timeout Setting

aquests.configure (20, timeout = 10) # 10 seconds
aquests.get ("https://www.google.co.kr/?gfe_rd=cr&ei=3y14WPCTG4XR8gfSjoK4DQ")
aquests.fetchall ()

If timeout occured, response status_code will be 702. Also note above 700 codes mostly indicates network related error.

Caution

  1. You can’t specify timout for each task
  2. Cause of aquests’ single thread coroutine feature, timeout will not work with exactly timeout seconds.

Mixed Requests

dbo = aquests.mongodb ("127.0.0.1:27017", "test_database")
aquests.configure (20)
for i in range (1000):
  aquests.get ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/")
  dbo.findone ("posts", {"author": "James Milton"})
aquests.fetchall ()

Authorization

For requesting with basic/digest authorization:

stub = aquests.rpc (url, auth = (username, password))
stub.get_prime_number_gt (10000)
aquests.fetchall ()

If you provide both (username, password), aquests try basic/digest authorization. But if just (username,) aquests handle username as bearer token like API Key.

Redirection

For automatically redireting by http status 301, 302, 307, 308:

def finish_request (response):
  print (response.history)

aquests.configure (callback = finish_request)
aquests.get ('http://pypi.python.org')
aquests.fetchall ()

response.history is like,

[<Response [301]>, <Response [302]>]

Also for disabling redirect,

aquests.configure (callback = finish_request, allow_redirects = False)

Change Logger

from aquests.lib import logger

aquests.configure (
  workers = 10,
  logger = logger.file_logger ('/tmp/logs', 'aquests')
)

Response

I make similar naming with requests’ attribute and method names as possible.

Response has these attributes and method:

  • meta: user added meta data including ‘req_id’ and ‘req_method’
  • status_code: HTTP status code or DBO query success (200) or failure (500) code
  • reason: status text like OK, Not Found…
  • content: bytes content or original db result
  • data: usally same as content but on RPC, DB query or json response situation, it returns result object.
  • logger: logger.log (msg, type =’info’), logger.trace ()
  • method: POST, GET, PUT etc for HTTP/RPC and execute, get, set or lrange etc for DBO
  • raise_for_status (): raise exception when HTTP status code >= 300 or DBO command excution failure
  • reraise (): shortcut for raise_for_status ()

Below thing is available only on Websocket response.

  • opcode: websocket opcode of received message

Below things are available only on DBO responses.

  • server: database server address
  • dbname: database object name
  • params: database command parameters

Below things aren’t available on DBO and Websocket responses.

  • url: requested url
  • history: redirected history by http code 301, 302, 307 and 308 like [<Response [302]>, <Response [302]>]
  • version: HTTP protocol version
  • headers: Response headers
  • text: charset encoded string (unicode)
  • raw: file like object for bytes stream has raw.read (), raw.readline (),… methods
  • cookies: if configure (cookie = True), returns dictionary
  • encoding: extracted from content-type header
  • request.headers
  • request.payload: request body bytes, not available at upload and grpc
  • json (): load JSON data, but if response content-type is application/json, automatically loaded into response.data then you can just use it.
  • get_header (key, default = None): returns header value, if not exists return default
  • get_header_with_attr (key, default = None): returns header value and attr dict like ‘text/html’, {‘charset’: ‘utf-8’}
  • set_cookie (key, val, domain = None, path = “/”)
  • get_cookie (key)

Configuration Parameters

import aquests

aquests.configure (
  workers = 1,
  logger = None,
  callback = None,
  timeout = 10,
  cookie = False,
  force_http1 = False,
  http2_constreams = 1,
  allow_redirects = True,
  qrandom = False
)
  • workers: number of fetching workers, it’not threads
  • logger: logger shoukd have 2 method - log (msg, type = ‘info’) and trace () for exception logging. if not provided, aquests uses aquests.ib.logger.screen_logger
  • callback: global default callback function has receiving response arg
  • timeout: request timeout seconds
  • cookie: enable/disable using cookie for request
  • force_http1: enforce http 1.1 not 2.0
  • http2_constreams: if you making requests to single http2 server, how many concurrent streams per channel. BE CAREFUL, it might be useful for generating traffic load for testing your http2 web servers. and if your server doesn’t provide http2, your workers will be increased to number of http2_constreams times than you really want.
  • allow_redirects: if set True, in case HTTP status code is in 301, 302, 307, 308 then redirect automatically
  • qrandom: requests will be selected by random, this is useful for load distributing to request multiple hosts.

List of Methods

GET, DELETE and etc.

aquests.get ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/")
aquests.delete ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/models/ak-40")
aquests.get ("https://www.google.co.kr/search?q=aquests")

Also aquests.head (), options () and trace () are available.

POST, PUT

aquests.post (
  "http://127.0.0.1:5000/",
  {'author': 'James Milton'},
  {'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'}
 )

# is equal to:

aquests.postform (
  "http://127.0.0.1:5000/",
  {'author': 'James Milton'}
)

Put example,

aquest.put (
  "http://127.0.0.1:5000/users/jamesmilton",
  {'fullnamer': 'James Milton'},
  {'Content-Type': 'application/json'}
  )
)

# is equal to:

aquests.putjson (
  "http://127.0.0.1:5000/users/jamesmilton",
  {'fullnamer': 'James Milton'}
)

There’re some shorter ways ratehr than specifing content type:

  • postform: application/x-www-form-urlencoded, data value should be dictionary
  • postjson: application/json, data value should be json dumpable
  • postxml: text/xml, data value should be xml string or utf-8 encoded bytes
  • postnvp: text/namevalue, data value should be dictionary

And putform (), putjson ()… is also available.

File Upload

aquests.upload (
  "http://127.0.0.1:5000/",
  {
    'author': 'James Milton',
    'file': open ('/tmp/mycar.jpg', 'rb')
  }
)

You should open file with ‘rb’ mode.

Websocket

aquests.ws ("ws://127.0.0.1:5000/websocket/echo", "Hello World")
# secure websocket channel, use wss
aquests.ws ("wss://127.0.0.1:5000/websocket/echo", "Hello World")
aquests.fetchall ()

Response is like this,

  • response.status_code: 200
  • response.reason: “OK”
  • response.content: (1, “Hello World”) # (opcode, message)
  • response.opcode: 1 # OPCODE_TEXT
  • response.data: “Hello World”

Note: Sometimes status_code is 200, opcode is -1. It is NOT official websocket spec. but means websocket is successfully connected but disconnected before receving a message by some reasons.

If you want to send specify message type.

from aquests.protocols.ws import OPCODE_TEXT, OPCODE_BINARY

aquests.ws ("ws://127.0.0.1:5000/websocket/echo", (OPCODE_BINARY, b"Hello World"))
aquests.fetchall ()

Note: This method can only single message per request.

XML-RPC

stub = aquests.rpc ("https://pypi.python.org/pypi")
stub.package_releases('roundup')
stub.prelease_urls('roundup', '1.4.10')
aquests.fetchall ()

Returns,

['1.5.1']
<class 'xmlrpc.client.Fault'> <Fault 1:...>

gRPC

import route_guide_pb2

stub = aquests.grpc ("http://127.0.0.1:5000/routeguide.RouteGuide")
point = route_guide_pb2.Point (latitude=409146138, longitude=-746188906)
for i in range (3):
  stub.GetFeature (point)
aquests.fetchall ()

Returns,

name: "Berkshire Valley Management Area Trail, Jefferson, NJ, USA"
location {
  latitude: 409146138
  longitude: -746188906
}

For more about gRPC and route_guide_pb2, go to gRPC Basics - Python.

PostgreSQL

def finish_request (response):
  print (response.data)

aquests.configure (3, callback = finish_request)
dbo = aquests.postgresql ("127.0.0.1:5432", "mydb", ("test", "1111"))
for i in range (10):
  dbo.execute ("SELECT city, prcp, temp_hi, temp_low FROM weather;")

Returns,

[
  {'prcp': 0.25, 'temp_hi': 50, 'city': 'San  Francisco', 'temp_lo': 46},
  {'prcp': 0.0, 'temp_hi': 54, 'city': 'Hayward', 'temp_lo': 37}
]

MongoDB

dbo = aquests.mongodb ("127.0.0.1:27017", "test_database")
for i in range (3):
  dbo.findone ("posts", {"author": "Steve Newman"})
  dbo.findall ("posts", {"author": "Hans Roh"})
aquests.fetchall ()

Returns,

{
  'starting_from': 0,
  'number_returned': 1,
  'cursor_id': 0,
  'data': [
    {
      '_id': ObjectId('586a11f80d23915c7ec76f01'),
      'author': 'Steve Newman',
      'title': 'How to swim'
    }
  ]
}

Available Functions

  • find (colname, spec, offset = 0, limit = 1)
  • findone (colname, spec): equivalent with find (colname, spec, 0, 1)
  • findall (colname, spec): equivalent with find (colname, spec, 0, -1)
  • insert (colname, docs, continue_on_error = 0)
  • update (colname, spec, doc)
  • updateone (colname, spec, doc)
  • upsert (colname, spec, doc)
  • upsertone (colname, spec, doc)
  • delete (colname, spec, flag = 0)
  • findkc (colname, spec, offset = 0, limit = 1): after finidhing search, it keeps cursor alive. then you can use ‘get_more()’
  • get_more (colname, cursor_id, num_to_return): cursor_id can be got from (findkc()’s result).data [“cursor_id”]
  • kill_cursors (cursor_ids): if you use findkc() and stop fetching documents, you should mannually call this.

Note: User authorization is not supported yet.

Redis

dbo = aquests.redis ("127.0.0.1:6379")
dbo.get ("session-5ae675bc")
dbo.lrange ("user-saved-docs", 0, 3)
aquests.fetchall ()

Returns,

response-of-session-5ae675bc

[32534, 3453, 6786]

Possibly you can use all Redis commands.

Note: User authorization is not supported yet.

SQLite3 For Fast App Prototyping

Usage is almost same with PostgreSQL. This service IS NOT asynchronous BUT just emulating.

dbo = aquests.sqlite3 ("sqlite3.db")
dbo.execute ("""
  drop table if exists people;
  create table people (name_last, age);
  insert into people values ('Cho', 42);
""")
aquests.fetchall ()

Requests Parameters

For get, post*, put*, upload, delete, options, trace parameters are the same.

aquests.get (url, params = None, headers = None, auth = None, meta = {})
  • url: request url string
  • params: None or dictionary, if it provide with get method, it will be attached on tail of url with ‘?’
  • headers: None or dictionary
  • auth: None or tuple (username, password)
  • callback: substitude defaul callback
  • meta: dictionary

For Websocket,

aquests.ws (url, params = None, headers = None, auth = None, meta = {})
  • url: request url string, should start with ‘ws://’ or ‘wss://’(SSL Websocket)

  • params: string, bytes or tuple. if messages is not string you specify message type code using tuple like (ws.OPCODE_PING, b”hello”), you can find OPCODE list, ‘from aquests.protocols import ws’. CAUTION. if your params type is bytes type, opcode will automatically be OPCODE_BINARY and string type, be OPCODE_TEXT. and opcode is inffluent to receiver. if you avoid auto opcode, specify opcode with tuple.

    • ws.OPCODE_TEXT
    • ws.OPCODE_BINARY
    • ws.OPCODE_CONTINUATION
    • ws.OPCODE_PING
    • ws.OPCODE_PONG
    • ws.OPCODE_CLOSE
  • headers: None or dictionary

  • auth: None or tuple (username, password)

  • callback: substitude defaul callback

  • meta: dictionary

For rpc, grpc stub creation:

stub = aquests.rpc (url, headers = None, auth = None, meta = {})
stub = aquests.grpc (url, headers = None, auth = None, meta = {})
  • url: request url string
  • headers: None or dictionary
  • auth: None or tuple (username, password)
  • callback: substitude defaul callback
  • meta: dictionary

Note: stub’s methods and parameters are defined by RPC service providers

For postgresql, mongodb, redis dbo creation:

dbo = aquests.postgresql (server, dbname = None, auth = None, meta = {})
dbo = aquests.mongodb (server, dbname = None, auth = None, meta = {})
dbo = aquests.redis (server, dbname = None, auth = None, meta = {})
  • server: address:port formated string
  • dbname: None or string
  • auth: None or tuple (username, password)
  • callback: substitude defaul callback
  • meta: dictionary

Note: stub’s methods and parameters are defined by database engines. Please read above related chapters But SQL based postgresql has only 1 method and parameters - execute(sql) or do(sql) just for your convinience.

History

  • 0.7.6

    • fix recursion error related to DNS query
    • add load.py for testing installation
    • fix early termination when making http2 connection
    • fix http2 body posting
    • fix recursion error when massive DNS Error
    • retry after 1 seconds when DNS query failed
    • fix daemonizer.kill ()
    • adaptation to h2 3.0.1
    • fix delay when http concurrent stream = 1
    • fix handling psycopg2 poll () failure
    • reengineer select loop
    • fix DNS erro handling
    • fix HTTP/2 auto redirecting
    • fix HTTP/2 sockets over creation
    • add get_size () to all producers for estimating content length
    • increase socket out buffer from 4096 -> 65535
  • 0.7.5

    • re-engineer await_fifo, http2_fifo
    • add lib.evbus
    • retry once if database is disconnected by keep-live timeout
    • change screen_logger for easy to read traceback information
  • 0.7.4:

    • fix incomplete sending when resuested with connection: close header
  • 0.7.3:

    • fix early termination when single worker
    • add PATCH method
    • use google public DNS for default
    • fix early termination in case of single worker
  • 0.7.2:

    • accept header validation with response content-type
    • change qrandom parameter’s default value to False of aquests.configure ()
  • 0.7.1: fix dns cache case sensitivity

  • 0.7:

    • fix redirecting and reauthorizing
    • dns query instacnt loop before being called fetchall ()
    • add callback arg for each request
    • fix redirect, improve asyndns, error codes related network error
    • redefine workers, workers mean nummber of connections
    • fix finish_request, and shutdown entering
    • fix FailedResponse’s contents
  • 0.6.14: add qrandom option for aquests.configure

  • 0.6.13: fix response.json ()

  • 0.6.11

    • request & response.headers is NocaseDict
    • fix sqlite bugs, add response.uuid & rfc
    • fix sqlite.del_channel
    • add auqests.suspend
  • 0.6.10: add response.lxml

  • 0.6.8: add protocols.__init__.py

  • 0.6.7: change socket closing log message

  • 0.6.6: fix asyncon active

  • 0.6.4.2: license changed from BSD to MIT

  • 0.6.4.1: fix await_fifo bug

  • 0.6.3: fix lifetime, tmap

  • 0.6.2: change queue list -> deque

  • 0.6.1: fix websocket text data encoding

  • 0.6:

    • add configure option: allow_redirects
    • new response.history
    • fix 30x redirection
    • fix 401 unauthorized
  • 0.5.2: remove ready_producer_fifo, this will be used only serverside

  • 0.5.1: change from list to deque on producer_fifo

  • 0.4.33: force_http1 applied to https

  • 0.4.32: fix http.buffer.list_buffer class

  • 0.4.30: add websocket message type detection

  • 0.4.28: remove aquests.wss, use aquests.ws with url wss://…

  • 0.4.25: fix select.select () divide and conquer

  • 0.4.22: fix http2_constreams

  • 0.4.21: fix http2 flow control window

  • 0.4.20: add configure options: force_http1, http2_constreams

  • 0.4.18: url / trailing

  • 0.4.17: fix finding end of data on http2

  • 0.4.16: fix http2 disconnecting behavior

  • 0.4.10: fix xmlrpc stub url / trailing

  • 0.4.9: changed response properties - request.method -> method, request.server -> server, request.dbname -> dbname and request.params -> params

  • 0.4.4: add lib.athreads

  • 0.4.2: fix http2 large content download

  • 0.4.1: add a few examples

  • 0.4: add timeout feature

  • 0.3.10: fix http2 frame length validation, add cookie feature

  • 0.3.8: fix dbo request shutdown behavior

  • 0.3.1: add HEAD, OPTIONS, TRACE

  • 0.3: fix installation error

  • 0.2.13: change default display callback

  • 0.2.10: fix xmlrpc

 
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
aquests-0.7.6.28.tar.gz (md5) Source 2017-08-13 121KB