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coloredlogs 7.0

Colored terminal output for Python's logging module

The coloredlogs package enables colored terminal output for Python’s logging module. The ColoredFormatter class inherits from logging.Formatter and uses ANSI escape sequences to render your logging messages in color. It uses only standard colors so it should work on any UNIX terminal. It’s currently tested on Python 2.6, 2.7, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6 and PyPy. On Windows coloredlogs automatically pulls in Colorama as a dependency and enables ANSI escape sequence translation using Colorama. Here is a screen shot of the demo that is printed when the command coloredlogs --demo is executed:

Note that the screenshot above includes the custom logging level VERBOSE defined by my verboselogs package: if you install both coloredlogs and verboselogs it will Just Work (verboselogs is of course not required to use coloredlogs).

Format of log messages

The ColoredFormatter class supports user defined log formats so you can use any log format you like. The default log format is as follows:

%(asctime)s %(hostname)s %(name)s[%(process)d] %(levelname)s %(message)s

This log format results in the following output:

2015-10-23 03:32:22 peter-macbook coloredlogs.demo[30462] DEBUG message with level 'debug'
2015-10-23 03:32:23 peter-macbook coloredlogs.demo[30462] VERBOSE message with level 'verbose'
2015-10-23 03:32:24 peter-macbook coloredlogs.demo[30462] INFO message with level 'info'
...

You can customize the log format and styling using environment variables as well as programmatically, please refer to the online documentation for details.

Usage

Here’s an example of how easy it is to get started:

import coloredlogs, logging

# Create a logger object.
logger = logging.getLogger('your-module')

# By default the install() function installs a handler on the root logger,
# this means that log messages from your code and log messages from the
# libraries that you use will all show up on the terminal.
coloredlogs.install(level='DEBUG')

# If you don't want to see log messages from libraries, you can pass a
# specific logger object to the install() function. In this case only log
# messages originating from that logger will show up on the terminal.
coloredlogs.install(level='DEBUG', logger=logger)

# Some examples.
logger.debug("this is a debugging message")
logger.info("this is an informational message")
logger.warn("this is a warning message")
logger.error("this is an error message")
logger.critical("this is a critical message")

Colored output from cron

When coloredlogs is used in a cron job, the output that’s e-mailed to you by cron won’t contain any ANSI escape sequences because coloredlogs realizes that it’s not attached to an interactive terminal. If you’d like to have colors e-mailed to you by cron there are two ways to make it happen:

You can use this feature without using coloredlogs in your Python modules, but please note that only normal text, bold text and text with one of the foreground colors black, red, green, yellow, blue, magenta, cyan and white (these are the portable ANSI color codes) are supported.

Modifying your crontab

Here’s an example of a minimal crontab:

MAILTO="your-email-address@here"
CONTENT_TYPE="text/html"
* * * * * root coloredlogs --to-html your-command

The coloredlogs program is installed when you install the coloredlogs Python package. When you execute coloredlogs --to-html your-command it runs your-command under the external program script (you need to have this installed). This makes your-command think that it’s attached to an interactive terminal which means it will output ANSI escape sequences which will then be converted to HTML by the coloredlogs program. Yes, this is a bit convoluted, but it works great :-)

Modifying your Python code

The ColoredCronMailer class provides a context manager that automatically enables HTML output when the $CONTENT_TYPE variable has been correctly set in the crontab.

This requires my capturer package which you can install using pip install 'coloredlogs[cron]'. The [cron] extra will pull in capturer 2.4 or newer which is required to capture the output while silencing it - otherwise you’d get duplicate output in the emails sent by cron.

The context manager can also be used to retroactively silence output that has already been produced, this can be useful to avoid spammy cron jobs that have nothing useful to do but still email their output to the system administrator every few minutes :-).

Contact

The latest version of coloredlogs is available on PyPI and GitHub. The online documentation is available on Read The Docs. For bug reports please create an issue on GitHub. If you have questions, suggestions, etc. feel free to send me an e-mail at peter@peterodding.com.

License

This software is licensed under the MIT license.

© 2017 Peter Odding.

 
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
coloredlogs-7.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (md5) Python Wheel py2.py3 2017-05-18 35KB
coloredlogs-7.0.tar.gz (md5) Source 2017-05-18 32KB