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colorlog 2.6.0

Log formatting with colors!


colorlog.ColoredFormatter is a formatter for use with pythons logging module.

It allows colors to be placed in the format string, which is mostly useful when paired with a StreamHandler that is outputting to a terminal. This is accomplished by added a set of terminal color codes to the record before it is used to format the string.

Codes

Color escape codes can be selected based on the log records level, by adding parameters to the format string:

  • log_color: Return the color associated with the records level (from color_levels).
  • <name>_log_color: Return another color based on the records level if the ColoredFormatter was created with a secondary_log_colors parameter (see below).

The following escape codes are made availible for use in the format string:

  • {color}, fg_{color}, bg_{color}: Foreground and background colors. The color names are black, red, green, yellow, blue, purple, cyan and white.
  • bold, bold_{color}, fg_bold_{color}, bg_bold_{color}: Bold/bright colors.
  • reset: Clear all formatting (both foreground and background colors).

Multiple escape codes can be used at once by joining them with commas. This example would return the escape codes for black text on a white background:

colorlog.escape_codes.parse_colors("black,bg_white")

Arguments

ColoredFormatter takes several arguments:

  • format: The format string used to output the message (required).
  • datefmt: An optional date format passed to the base class. See logging.Formatter.
  • reset: Implicitly adds a color reset code to the message output, unless the output already ends with one. Defaults to True.
  • log_colors: A mapping of record level names to color names. The defaults can be found in colorlog.default_log_colors, or the below example.
  • secondary_log_colors: A mapping of names to log_colors style mappings, defining additional colors that can be used in format strings. See below for an example.
  • style: Available on Python 3.2 and above. See logging.Formatter.

Examples

The following code creates a ColoredFormatter for use in a logging setup, passing each arguments defaults to the constructor:

from colorlog import ColoredFormatter

formatter = ColoredFormatter(
        "%(log_color)s%(levelname)-8s%(reset)s %(blue)s%(message)s",
        datefmt=None,
        reset=True,
        log_colors={
                'DEBUG':    'cyan',
                'INFO':     'green',
                'WARNING':  'yellow',
                'ERROR':    'red',
                'CRITICAL': 'red,bg_white',
        },
        secondary_log_colors={},
        style='%'
)

Using secondary_log_colors

Secondary log colors are a way to have more than one color that is selected based on the log level. Each key in secondary_log_colors adds an attribute that can be used in format strings (message becomes message_log_color), and has a corresponding value that is identical in format to the log_colors argument.

The following example highlights the level name using the default log colors, and highlights the message in red for error and critical level log messages.

from colorlog import ColoredFormatter

formatter = ColoredFormatter(
        "%(log_color)s%(levelname)-8s%(reset)s %(message_log_color)s%(message)s",
        secondary_log_colors={
                'message': {
                        'ERROR':    'red',
                        'CRITICAL': 'red'
                }
        }
)

With dictConfig

logging.config.dictConfig({
        'formatters': {
                'colored': {
                        '()': 'colorlog.ColoredFormatter',
                        'format': "%(log_color)s%(levelname)-8s%(reset)s %(blue)s%(message)s"
                }
        },

        ...
})

A full example dictionary can be found in tests/test_colorlog.py.

With fileConfig

...

[formatters]
keys=color

[formatter_color]
class=colorlog.ColoredFormatter
format=%(log_color)s%(levelname)-8s%(reset)s %(bg_blue)s[%(name)s]%(reset)s %(message)s from fileConfig
datefmt=%m-%d %H:%M:%S

...

An instance of ColoredFormatter created with those arguments will then be used by any handlers that are configured to use the color formatter.

A full example configuration can be found in tests/test_config.ini.

Compatibility

colorlog works on Python 2.6 and above, including Python 3.

On Windows, requires colorama to work properly. A dependancy on colorama is included as an optional package dependancy - depending on colorlog[windows] instead of colorlog will ensure it is included when installing.

Tests

Tests similar to the above examples are found in tests/test_colorlog.py.

tox will run the tests under all compatible python versions.

Licence

Copyright (c) 2012 Sam Clements <sam@borntyping.co.uk>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the “Software”), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED “AS IS”, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

 
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