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daff 1.0.5

Diff and patch tables

Latest Version: 1.3.7

daff: data diff

This is a library for comparing tables, producing a summary of their
differences, and using such a summary as a patch file. It is
optimized for comparing tables that share a common origin, in other
words multiple versions of the "same" table. It is written in Haxe,
translated to Javascript for in-browser use. The library is also
available as Haxe-generated Python3, PHP, or C++. There are two
ruby translations.

For a live demo, see:

Get the core library for your preferred language here:

Or with node:
npm install daff

Or use the library to view csv diffs on github via a chrome extension:

The diff format used by `daff` is specified here:

This library is a stripped down version of the coopy toolbox (see To compare tables from different origins,
or with automatically generated IDs, or other complications, check out
the coopy toolbox.

The program

There is a commandline utility wrapping the core functions of the library:
$ daff
daff can produce and apply tabular diffs.
Call as:
daff [--output OUTPUT.csv] a.csv b.csv
daff [--output OUTPUT.csv] parent.csv a.csv b.csv
daff [--output OUTPUT.jsonbook] a.jsonbook b.jsonbook
daff patch [--output OUTPUT.csv] source.csv patch.csv
daff trim [--output OUTPUT.csv] source.csv
daff render [--output OUTPUT.html] diff.csv

If you need more control, here is the full list of flags:
daff diff [--output OUTPUT.csv] [--context NUM] [--all] [--act ACT] a.csv b.csv
--context NUM: show NUM rows of context
--all: do not prune unchanged rows
--act ACT: show only a certain kind of change (update, insert, delete)

daff render [--output OUTPUT.html] [--css CSS.css] [--fragment] [--plain] diff.csv
--css CSS.css: generate a suitable css file to go with the html
--fragment: generate just a html fragment rather than a page
--plain: do not use fancy utf8 characters to make arrows prettier

The library

The `daff` utility is a thin wrapper around a library called (through an accident of history) `coopyhx`.
To use this library from Javascript, first include `coopyhx.js` on a webpage:
<script src="coopyhx.js"></script>
Or with nodejs:
var coopy = require('coopyhx');

For concreteness, assume we have two versions of a table,
`data1` and `data2`:
var data1 = [
var data2 = [

To make those tables accessible to the library, we wrap them
in `coopy.CoopyTableView`:
var table1 = new coopy.CoopyTableView(data1);
var table2 = new coopy.CoopyTableView(data2);

We can now compute the alignment between the rows and columns
in the two tables:
var alignment = coopy.compareTables(table1,table2).align();

To produce a diff from the alignment, we first need a table
for the output:
var data_diff = [];
var table_diff = new coopy.CoopyTableView(data_diff);

Using default options for the diff:
var flags = new coopy.CompareFlags();
var highlighter = new coopy.TableDiff(alignment,flags);

The diff is now in `data_diff` in highlighter format, see
specification here:

[ [ '!', '', '+++', '' ],
[ '@@', 'Country', 'Code', 'Capital' ],
[ '+', 'Ireland', 'ie', 'Dublin' ],
[ '+', 'France', 'fr', 'Paris' ],
[ '->', 'Spain', 'es', 'Barcelona->Madrid' ],
[ '+++', 'Germany', 'de', 'Berlin' ] ]

For visualization, you may want to convert this to a HTML table
with appropriate classes on cells so you can color-code inserts,
deletes, updates, etc. You can do this with:
var diff2html = new coopy.DiffRender();
var table_diff_html = diff2html.html();

For 3-way differences (that is, comparing two tables given knowledge
of a common ancestor) use `coopy.compareTables3` (give ancestor
table as the first argument).

Here is how to apply that difference as a patch:
var patcher = new coopy.HighlightPatch(table1,table_diff);
// table1 should now equal table2

Other languages

The `daff` library is written in [Haxe]( which
can be translated reasonably well into at least the following languages:

* Javascript
* Python
* Java
* C#
* C++

The Javascript translation is available via npm.
PHP and C++ translations are posted on the
[Releases]( page.
To make another translation,
follow the
[Haxe getting started tutorial]( for the
language you care about, then do one of:

make js
make php
make py
make java
make cs
make cpp

[@Floppy]( has made a lovingly-hand-written [native Ruby port]( that covers core functionality. I've made a brutally-machine-converted [Ruby port]( that is a full translation but may include utter gibberish.

For each language, the `coopyhx` library expects to be handed an interface to tables you create, rather than creating them
itself. This is to avoid inefficient copies from one format to another. You'll find a `SimpleTable` class you can use if
you find this awkward.

Reading material

* : a specification of the diff format we use.
* : using this library with github.
* : using this library with gitlab.
* : a summary of where the library came from.
* : a post about storing small data in git/github.
* : counterpoint - a post discussing tracked-changes rather than diffs.

## License

Coopyhx is distributed under the MIT License.  
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
daff-1.0.5.tar.gz (md5) Source 2014-06-05 76KB
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