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diskhash 0.0

Disk-based hashtable

# Disk-based hashtable

[![Travis](https://api.travis-ci.org/luispedro/diskhash.png)](https://travis-ci.org/luispedro/diskhash)
[![License: MIT](https://img.shields.io/badge/License-MIT-blue.svg)](https://opensource.org/licenses/MIT)


A simple disk-based hash table.

The code is in C, wrappers are provided for Python, Haskell, and C++. The
wrappers follow similar APIs with variations to accomodate the language
specificity. They all use the same underlying code, so you can open a hashtable
created in C from Haskell, modify it within your Haskell code, and open the
result in Python (although Python's version currently only deals with integers,
stored as longs).

Cross-language functionality will work best for very simple types so that you
can control their binary representation (64-bit integers, for example).

Reading does not touch the disk representation at all and, thus, can be done on
top of read-only files or using multiple threads. Writing or modifying values
is, however, not thread-safe.

## Examples

The following examples all create a hashtable to store longs (`int64_t`), then
set the value associated with the key `"key"` to 9. In the current API, the
maximum size of the keys needs to be pre-specified, which is the value `15`
below.

### Raw C

```c
#include <stdio.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include "diskhash.h"

int main(void) {
HashTableOpts opts;
opts.key_maxlen = 15;
opts.object_datalen = sizeof(int64_t);
char* err = NULL;
HashTable* ht = dht_open("testing.dht", opts, O_RDWR|O_CREAT, &err);
if (!ht) {
if (!err) err = "Unknown error";
fprintf(stderr, "Failed opening hash table: %s.\n", err);
return 1;
}
long i = 9;
dht_insert(ht, "key", &i);

long* val = (long*) dht_lookup(ht, "key");
printf("Looked up value: %l\n", *val);

dht_free(ht);
return 0;
}
```

### Haskell

In Haskell, you have different types/functions for read-write and read-only
hashtables.

Read write example:

```haskell
import Data.DiskHash
import Data.Int
main = do
ht <- htOpenRW "testing.dht" 15
htInsertRW ht "key" (9 :: Int64)
val <- htLookupRW "key" ht
print val
```

Read only example (`htLookupRO` is pure in this case):

```haskell
import Data.DiskHash
import Data.Int
main = do
ht <- htOpenRO "testing.dht" 15
let val :: Int64
val = htLookupRO "key" ht
print val
```


### Python

Python's interface is more limited and only integers are supported as values in
the hash table (they are stored as 64-bit integers).

```python
import diskhash
tb = diskhash.Str2int("testing.dht", 15)
tb.insert("key", 9)
print(tb.lookup("key"))
```

The Python interface is currently Python 3 only. Patches to extend it to 2.7
are welcome, but it's not a priority.


### C++

```c++
#include <iostream>
#include <string>

#include <diskhash.hpp>

int main() {
const int key_maxlen = 15;
dht::DiskHash<uint64_t> ht("testing.dht", key_maxlen, dht::DHOpenRW);
std::string line;
uint64_t ix = 0;
while (std::getline(std::cine, line)) {
if (line.length() > key_maxlen) {
std::cerr << "Key too long: '" << line << "'. Aborting.\n";
return 2;
}
const bool inserted = ht.insert(line.c_str(), ix);
if (!inserted) {
std::cerr << "Found repeated key '" << line << "' (ignored).\n";
}
++ix;
}
return 0;
}
```

## Statibility

This is _beta_ software. It is good enough that I am using it, but the API can
change in the future with little warning. The binary format will be fixed once
there is an upload to PyPI or Stackage, but that format is versioned (the magic
string encodes its version, so changes can be detected).

[Automated unit testing](https://travis-ci.org/luispedro/diskhash) ensures that
basic mistakes will not go uncaught.

## Limitations

- You must specify the maximum key size. This can be worked around either by
pre-hashing the keys (with a strong hash) or using multiple hash tables for
different key sizes. Neither is currently implemented in diskhash.

- You cannot delete objects. This was not a necessity for my uses, so it was
not implemented. A simple implementation could be done by marking objects as
"deleted" in place and recompacting when the hash table size changes or with
an explicit `dht_gc()` call. It may also be important to add functionality to
shrink hashtables so as to not waste disk space.

License: MIT

 
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
diskhash-0.0.tar.gz (md5) Source 2017-06-26 12KB