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django-allauth 0.16.1

Integrated set of Django applications addressing authentication, registration, account management as well as 3rd party (social) account authentication.

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Integrated set of Django applications addressing authentication, registration, account management as well as 3rd party (social) account authentication.

Home page
http://www.intenct.nl/projects/django-allauth/
Source code
http://github.com/pennersr/django-allauth
Mailinglist
http://groups.google.com/group/django-allauth
Documentation
http://django-allauth.readthedocs.org/en/latest/
Stack Overflow
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/tagged/django-allauth

Rationale

Most existing Django apps that address the problem of social authentication focus on just that. You typically need to integrate another app in order to support authentication via a local account.

This approach separates the worlds of local and social authentication. However, there are common scenarios to be dealt with in both worlds. For example, an e-mail address passed along by an OpenID provider is not guaranteed to be verified. So, before hooking an OpenID account up to a local account the e-mail address must be verified. So, e-mail verification needs to be present in both worlds.

Integrating both worlds is quite a tedious process. It is definitely not a matter of simply adding one social authentication app, and one local account registration app to your INSTALLED_APPS list.

This is the reason this project got started -- to offer a fully integrated authentication app that allows for both local and social authentication, with flows that just work.

Overview

Requirements

  • Python 2.6, 2.7 or 3.3
  • Django (1.4.3+)
  • python-openid or python3-openid (depending on your Python version)
  • requests and requests-oauthlib

Supported Flows

  • Signup of both local and social accounts
  • Connecting more than one social account to a local account
  • Disconnecting a social account -- requires setting a password if only the local account remains
  • Optional instant-signup for social accounts -- no questions asked
  • E-mail address management (multiple e-mail addresses, setting a primary)
  • Password forgotten flow
  • E-mail address verification flow

Supported Providers

  • Amazon (OAuth2)
  • AngelList (OAuth2)
  • Bitbucket (OAuth)
  • Bitly (OAuth2)
  • Dropbox (OAuth)
  • Facebook (both OAuth2 and JS SDK)
  • Feedly (OAuth2)
  • Flickr (OAuth)
  • Github (OAuth2)
  • Google (OAuth2)
  • Instagram (OAuth2)
  • LinkedIn (OAuth, OAuth2)
  • OpenId
  • Paypal (OAuth2)
  • Persona
  • SoundCloud (OAuth2)
  • Stack Exchange (OAuth2)
  • Tumblr (OAuth)
  • Twitch (OAuth2)
  • Twitter (OAuth)
  • Vimeo (OAuth)
  • VK (OAuth2)
  • Weibo (OAuth2)

Note: OAuth/OAuth2 support is built using a common code base, making it easy to add support for additional OAuth/OAuth2 providers. More will follow soon...

Features

  • Supports multiple authentication schemes (e.g. login by user name, or by e-mail), as well as multiple strategies for account verification (ranging from none to e-mail verification).
  • All access tokens are consistently stored so that you can publish wall updates etc.

Architecture & Design

  • Pluggable signup form for asking additional questions during signup.
  • Support for connecting multiple social accounts to a Django user account.
  • The required consumer keys and secrets for interacting with Facebook, Twitter and the likes are to be configured in the database via the Django admin using the SocialApp model.
  • Consumer keys, tokens make use of the Django sites framework. This is especially helpful for larger multi-domain projects, but also allows for for easy switching between a development (localhost) and production setup without messing with your settings and database.

Installation

Django

Python package:

pip install django-allauth

settings.py:

TEMPLATE_CONTEXT_PROCESSORS = (
    ...
    # Required by allauth template tags
    "django.core.context_processors.request",
    ...
    # allauth specific context processors
    "allauth.account.context_processors.account",
    "allauth.socialaccount.context_processors.socialaccount",
    ...
)

AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS = (
    ...
    # Needed to login by username in Django admin, regardless of `allauth`
    "django.contrib.auth.backends.ModelBackend",

    # `allauth` specific authentication methods, such as login by e-mail
    "allauth.account.auth_backends.AuthenticationBackend",
    ...
)

INSTALLED_APPS = (
    ...
    # The Django sites framework is required
    'django.contrib.sites',

    'allauth',
    'allauth.account',
    'allauth.socialaccount',
    # ... include the providers you want to enable:
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.amazon',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.angellist',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.bitbucket',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.bitly',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.dropbox',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.facebook',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.flickr',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.feedly',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.github',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.google',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.instagram',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.linkedin',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.linkedin_oauth2',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.openid',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.persona',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.soundcloud',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.stackexchange',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.tumblr',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.twitch',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.twitter',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.vimeo',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.vk',
    'allauth.socialaccount.providers.weibo',
    ...
)

SITE_ID = 1

urls.py:

urlpatterns = patterns('',
    ...
    (r'^accounts/', include('allauth.urls')),
    ...
)

Post-Installation

In your Django root execute the command below to create your database tables:

./manage.py syncdb

Now start your server, visit your admin pages (e.g. http://localhost:8000/admin/) and follow these steps:

  1. Add a Site for your domain, matching settings.SITE_ID (django.contrib.sites app).
  2. For each OAuth based provider, add a Social App (socialaccount app).
  3. Fill in the site and the OAuth app credentials obtained from the provider.

Configuration

Available settings:

ACCOUNT_ADAPTER (="allauth.account.adapter.DefaultAccountAdapter")
Specifies the adapter class to use, allowing you to alter certain default behaviour.
ACCOUNT_AUTHENTICATION_METHOD (="username" | "email" | "username_email")
Specifies the login method to use -- whether the user logs in by entering his username, e-mail address, or either one of both.
ACCOUNT_CONFIRM_EMAIL_ON_GET (=False)
Determines whether or not an e-mail address is automatically confirmed by a mere GET request.
ACCOUNT_EMAIL_CONFIRMATION_ANONYMOUS_REDIRECT_URL (=settings.LOGIN_URL)
The URL to redirect to after a successful e-mail confirmation, in case no user is logged in.
ACCOUNT_EMAIL_CONFIRMATION_AUTHENTICATED_REDIRECT_URL (=None)
The URL to redirect to after a successful e-mail confirmation, in case of an authenticated user. Set to None to use settings.LOGIN_REDIRECT_URL.
ACCOUNT_EMAIL_CONFIRMATION_EXPIRE_DAYS (=3)
Determines the expiration date of email confirmation mails (# of days).
ACCOUNT_EMAIL_REQUIRED (=False)
The user is required to hand over an e-mail address when signing up.
ACCOUNT_EMAIL_VERIFICATION (="optional")
Determines the e-mail verification method during signup -- choose one of "mandatory", "optional", or "none". When set to "mandatory" the user is blocked from logging in until the email address is verified. Choose "optional" or "none" to allow logins with an unverified e-mail address. In case of "optional", the e-mail verification mail is still sent, whereas in case of "none" no e-mail verification mails are sent.
ACCOUNT_EMAIL_SUBJECT_PREFIX (="[Site] ")
Subject-line prefix to use for email messages sent. By default, the name of the current Site (django.contrib.sites) is used.
ACCOUNT_DEFAULT_HTTP_PROTOCOL = (="http")
The default protocol used for when generating URLs, e.g. for the password forgotten procedure. Note that this is a default only -- see the section on HTTPS for more information.
ACCOUNT_LOGOUT_ON_GET (=False)
Determines whether or not the user is automatically logged out by a mere GET request. See documentation for the LogoutView for details.
ACCOUNT_LOGOUT_REDIRECT_URL (="/")
The URL (or URL name) to return to after the user logs out. This is the counterpart to Django's LOGIN_REDIRECT_URL.
ACCOUNT_SIGNUP_FORM_CLASS (=None)
A string pointing to a custom form class (e.g. 'myapp.forms.SignupForm') that is used during signup to ask the user for additional input (e.g. newsletter signup, birth date). This class should implement a def save(self, request, user) method, where user represents the newly signed up user.
ACCOUNT_SIGNUP_PASSWORD_VERIFICATION (=True)
When signing up, let the user type in his password twice to avoid typ-o's.
ACCOUNT_UNIQUE_EMAIL (=True)
Enforce uniqueness of e-mail addresses.
ACCOUNT_USER_MODEL_USERNAME_FIELD (="username")
The name of the field containing the username, if any. See custom user models.
ACCOUNT_USER_MODEL_EMAIL_FIELD (="email")
The name of the field containing the email, if any. See custom user models.
ACCOUNT_USER_DISPLAY (=a callable returning user.username)
A callable (or string of the form 'some.module.callable_name') that takes a user as its only argument and returns the display name of the user. The default implementation returns user.username.
ACCOUNT_USERNAME_MIN_LENGTH (=1)
An integer specifying the minimum allowed length of a username.
ACCOUNT_USERNAME_BLACKLIST (=[])
A list of usernames that can't be used by user.
ACCOUNT_USERNAME_REQUIRED (=True)
The user is required to enter a username when signing up. Note that the user will be asked to do so even if ACCOUNT_AUTHENTICATION_METHOD is set to email. Set to False when you do not wish to prompt the user to enter a username.
ACCOUNT_PASSWORD_INPUT_RENDER_VALUE (=False)
render_value parameter as passed to PasswordInput fields.
ACCOUNT_PASSWORD_MIN_LENGTH (=6)
An integer specifying the minimum password length.
ACCOUNT_LOGIN_ON_EMAIL_CONFIRMATION (=True)
The default behaviour is to automatically log the user in once he confirms his email address. By changing this setting to False he will not be logged in, but redirected to the ACCOUNT_EMAIL_CONFIRMATION_ANONYMOUS_REDIRECT_URL
SOCIALACCOUNT_ADAPTER (="allauth.socialaccount.adapter.DefaultSocialAccountAdapter")
Specifies the adapter class to use, allowing you to alter certain default behaviour.
SOCIALACCOUNT_QUERY_EMAIL (=ACCOUNT_EMAIL_REQUIRED)
Request e-mail address from 3rd party account provider? E.g. using OpenID AX, or the Facebook "email" permission.
SOCIALACCOUNT_AUTO_SIGNUP (=True)
Attempt to bypass the signup form by using fields (e.g. username, email) retrieved from the social account provider. If a conflict arises due to a duplicate e-mail address the signup form will still kick in.
SOCIALACCOUNT_EMAIL_REQUIRED (=ACCOUNT_EMAIL_REQUIRED)
The user is required to hand over an e-mail address when signing up using a social account.
SOCIALACCOUNT_EMAIL_VERIFICATION (=ACCOUNT_EMAIL_VERIFICATION)
As ACCOUNT_EMAIL_VERIFICATION, but for social accounts.
SOCIALACCOUNT_PROVIDERS (= dict)
Dictionary containing provider specific settings.

Upgrading

From 0.15.0

  • Previously, the save(user) was called on the custom signup form. However, this shadowed the existing save method in case a model form was used. To avoid confusion, the save method has been deprecated in favour of a def signup(request, user) method.
  • The Amazon provider requires more space for token_secret, so the maximum length restriction has been dropped. Migrations are in place.

From 0.14.2

  • The /accounts/login/ view now supports AJAX requests.
  • Instead of directly rendering and returning a template, logging in while the account is inactive or not yet confirmed now redirects to two new views: /accounts/inactive/ respectively /accounts/confirm-email/.
  • The account/verification_sent.html template no longer receives the e-mail address in the context (email). Note that a message containing that e-mail address is still emitted using the messages framework.
  • The /accounts/confirm_email/key/ view has been renamed to /accounts/confirm-email/ (human friendlier). Redirects are in place to handle old still pending confirmations.
  • Built-in support for django-avatar has been removed. Offering such functionality means making choices which may not be valid for everyone. For example, allauth was downloading the image (which can take some time, or even block) in the context of the login, whereas a better place might be some celery background job. Additionally, in case of an error it simply ignored this. How about retries et al? Also, do you want to copy the avatar once at sign up, or do you want to update on each login? All in all, this functionality goes way beyond authentication and should be addressed elsewhere, beyond allauth scope. The original code has been preserved here so that you can easily reinstate it in your own project: https://gist.github.com/pennersr/7571752

From 0.14.1

  • In case you were using the internal method generate_unique_username, note that its signature has changed. It now takes a list of candidates to base the username on.

From 0.13.0

  • The socialaccount/account_inactive.html template has been moved to account/account_inactive.html.
  • The adapter API for creating and populating users has been overhauled. As a result, the populate_new_user adapter methods have disappeared. Please refer to the section on "Creating and Populating User Instances" for more information.

From 0.12.0

  • All account views are now class-based.
  • The password reset from key success response now redirects to a "done" view (/accounts/password/reset/key/done/). This view has its own account/password_reset_from_key_done.html template. In previous versions, the success template was intertwined with the account/password_reset_from_key.html template.

From 0.11.1

  • The {% provider_login_url %} tag now takes an optional process parameter that indicates how to process the social login. As a result, if you include the template socialaccount/snippets/provider_list.html from your own overriden socialaccount/connections.html template, you now need to pass along the process parameter as follows: {% include "socialaccount/snippets/provider_list.html" with process="connect" %}.
  • Instead of inlining the required Facebook SDK Javascript wrapper code into the HTML, it now resides into its own .js file (served with {% static %}). If you were using the builtin fbconnect.html this change should go by unnoticed.

From 0.9.0

  • Logout no longer happens on GET request. Refer to the LogoutView documentation for more background information. Logging out on GET can be restored by the setting ACCOUNT_LOGOUT_ON_GET. Furthermore, after logging out you are now redirected to ACCOUNT_LOGOUT_REDIRECT_URL instead of rendering the account/logout.html template.
  • LOGIN_REDIRECT_URLNAME is now deprecated. Django 1.5 accepts both URL names and URLs for LOGIN_REDIRECT_URL, so we do so as well.
  • DefaultAccountAdapter.stash_email_verified is now named stash_verified_email.
  • Django 1.4.3 is now the minimal requirement.
  • Dropped dependency on (unmaintained?) oauth2 package, in favor of requests-oauthlib. So you will need to update your (virtual) environment accordingly.
  • We noticed a very rare bug that affects end users who add Google social login to existing accounts. The symptom is you end up with users who have multiple primary email addresses which conflicts with assumptions made by the code. In addition to fixing the code that allowed duplicates to occur, there is a managegement command you can run if you think this effects you (and if it doesn't effect you there is no harm in running it anyways if you are unsure):
    • python manage.py account_unsetmultipleprimaryemails
      • Will silently remove primary flags for email addresses that aren't the same as user.email.
      • If no primary EmailAddress is user.email it will pick one at random and print a warning.
  • The expiry time, if any, is now stored in a new column SocialToken.expires_at. Migrations are in place.
  • Furthermore, Facebook started returning longer tokens, so the maximum token length was increased. Again, migrations are in place.
  • Login and signup views have been turned into class-based views.
  • The template variable facebook_perms is no longer passed to the "facebook/fbconnect.html" template. Instead, fb_login_options containing all options is passed.

From 0.8.3

  • requests is now a dependency (dropped httplib2).
  • Added a new column SocialApp.client_id. The value of key needs to be moved to the new client_id column. The key column is required for Stack Exchange. Migrations are in place to handle all of this automatically.

From 0.8.2

  • The ACCOUNT_EMAIL_VERIFICATION setting is no longer a boolean based setting. Use a string value of "none", "optional" or "mandatory" instead.
  • The template "account/password_reset_key_message.txt" has been moved to "account/email/password_reset_key_message.txt". The subject of the message has been moved into a template ("account/email/password_reset_key_subject.txt").
  • The site foreign key from SocialApp to Site has been replaced by a ManyToManyField. Many apps can be used across multiple domains (Facebook cannot).

From 0.8.1

  • Dropped support for CONTACT_EMAIL from the account template context processor. It was never documented and only used in the templates as an example -- there is no need to pollute the allauth settings with that. If your templates rely on it then you will have to put it in a context processor yourself.

From 0.7.0

  • allauth now depends on Django 1.4 or higher.
  • Major impact: dropped dependency on the emailconfirmation app, as this project is clearly left unmaintained. Important tickets such as https://github.com/pinax/django-email-confirmation/pull/5 are not being addressed. All models and related functionality have been directly integrated into the allauth.account app. When upgrading take care of the following:
    • The emailconfirmation setting EMAIL_CONFIRMATION_DAYS has been replaced by ACCOUNT_EMAIL_CONFIRMATION_EXPIRE_DAYS.
    • Instead of directly confirming the e-mail address upon the GET request the confirmation is now processed as part of an explicit POST. Therefore, a new template account/email_confirm.html must be setup.
    • Existing emailconfirmation data should be migrated to the new tables. For this purpose a special management command is available: python manage.py account_emailconfirmationmigration. This command does not drop the old emailconfirmation tables -- you will have to do this manually yourself. Why not use South? EmailAddress uniqueness depends on the configuration (ACCOUNT_UNIQUE_EMAIL), South does not handle settings dependent database models.
  • {% load account_tags %} is deprecated, simply use: {% load account %}
  • {% load socialaccount_tags %} is deprecated, simply use: {% load socialaccount %}

From 0.5.0

  • The ACCOUNT_EMAIL_AUTHENTICATION setting has been dropped in favor of ACCOUNT_AUTHENTICATION_METHOD.
  • The login form field is now always named login. This used to by either username or email, depending on the authentication method. If needed, update your templates accordingly.
  • The allauth template tags (containing template tags for OpenID, Twitter and Facebook) have been removed. Use the socialaccount template tags instead (specifically: {% provider_login_url ... %}).
  • The allauth.context_processors.allauth context processor has been removed, in favor of allauth.socialaccount.context_processors.socialaccount. In doing so, all hardcodedness with respect to providers (e.g allauth.facebook_enabled) has been removed.

From 0.4.0

  • Upgrade your settings.INSTALLED_APPS: Replace allauth.<provider> (where provider is one of twitter, facebook or openid) with allauth.socialaccount.providers.<provider>
  • All provider related models (FacebookAccount, FacebookApp, TwitterAccount, TwitterApp, OpenIDAccount) have been unified into generic SocialApp and SocialAccount models. South migrations are in place to move the data over to the new models, after which the original tables are dropped. Therefore, be sure to run migrate using South.

Providers

Most providers require you to sign up for a so called API client or app, containing a client ID and API secret. You must add a SocialApp record per provider via the Django admin containing these app credentials.

When creating the OAuth app on the side of the provider pay special attention to the callback URL (sometimes also referred to as redirect URL). If you do not configure this correctly, you will receive login failures when attempting to log in, such as:

An error occured while attempting to login via your social network account.

Use a callback URL of the form:

http://example.com/accounts/twitter/login/callback/
http://example.com/accounts/soundcloud/login/callback/
...

For local development, use the following:

http://127.0.0.1:8000/accounts/twitter/login/callback/

Amazon

Amazon requires secure OAuth callback URLs (redirect_uri), please see the section on HTTPS about how this is handled.

App registration (get your key and secret here)
http://login.amazon.com/manageApps
Development callback URL
https://example.com/amazon/login/callback/

AngelList

Register your OAuth app here: https://angel.co/api/oauth/clients

For local development, use the following callback URL:

http://localhost:8000/accounts/angellist/login/callback/

Facebook

For Facebook both OAuth2 and the Facebook Connect Javascript SDK are supported. You can even mix the two.

Advantage of the Javascript SDK may be a more streamlined user experience as you do not leave your site. Furthermore, you do not need to worry about tailoring the login dialog depending on whether or not you are using a mobile device. Yet, relying on Javascript may not be everybody's cup of tea.

To initiate a login use:

{% load socialaccount %}
<a href="{% provider_login_url "facebook" method="js_sdk" %}">Facebook Connect</a>

or:

{% load socialaccount %}
<a href="{% provider_login_url "facebook" method="oauth2" %}">Facebook OAuth2</a>

The following Facebook settings are available:

SOCIALACCOUNT_PROVIDERS = \
    {'facebook':
       {'SCOPE': ['email', 'publish_stream'],
        'AUTH_PARAMS': {'auth_type': 'reauthenticate'},
        'METHOD': 'oauth2',
        'LOCALE_FUNC': 'path.to.callable',
        'VERIFIED_EMAIL': False}}
METHOD
Either js_sdk or oauth2
SCOPE
By default, email scope is required depending whether or not SOCIALACCOUNT_QUERY_EMAIL is enabled.
AUTH_PARAMS
Use AUTH_PARAMS to pass along other parameters to the FB.login JS SDK call.
LOCALE_FUNC:

The locale for the JS SDK is chosen based on the current active language of the request, taking a best guess. This can be customized using the LOCALE_FUNC setting, which takes either a callable or a path to a callable. This callable must take exactly one argument, the request, and return a valid Facebook locale as a string:

SOCIALACCOUNT_PROVIDERS = \
    { 'facebook':
        { 'LOCALE_FUNC': lambda request: 'zh_CN'} }
VERIFIED_EMAIL:
It is not clear from the Facebook documentation whether or not the fact that the account is verified implies that the e-mail address is verified as well. For example, verification could also be done by phone or credit card. To be on the safe side, the default is to treat e-mail addresses from Facebook as unverified. But, if you feel that is too paranoid, then use this setting to mark them as verified. Do know that by setting this to True you are introducing a security risk.
App registration (get your key and secret here)
https://developers.facebook.com/apps
Development callback URL
Leave your App Domains empty and put in he section Website with Facebook Login put this as your Site URL: http://localhost:8000

Google

The Google provider is OAuth2 based. More info: http://code.google.com/apis/accounts/docs/OAuth2.html#Registering.

You can specify the scope to use as follows:

SOCIALACCOUNT_PROVIDERS = \
    { 'google':
        { 'SCOPE': ['https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.profile'],
          'AUTH_PARAMS': { 'access_type': 'online' } }}

By default, profile scope is required, and optionally email scope depending on whether or not SOCIALACCOUNT_QUERY_EMAIL is enabled.

App registration (get your key and secret here)
https://code.google.com/apis/console/
Development callback URL
Make sure you list a redirect uri of the form http://example.com/accounts/google/login/callback/. You can fill multiple URLs, one for each test domain.

LinkedIn

The LinkedIn provider comes in two flavors: OAuth 1.0 (allauth.socialaccount.providers.linkedin) and OAuth 2.0 (allauth.socialaccount.providers.linkedin_oauth2).

You can specify the scope and fields to fetch as follows:

SOCIALACCOUNT_PROVIDERS = \
    {'linkedin':
      {'SCOPE': ['r_emailaddress'],
       'PROFILE_FIELDS': ['id',
                         'first-name',
                         'last-name',
                         'email-address',
                         'picture-url',
                         'public-profile-url']}}

By default, r_emailaddress scope is required depending on whether or not SOCIALACCOUNT_QUERY_EMAIL is enabled.

Note: if you are experiencing issues where it seems as if the scope has no effect you may be using an old LinkedIn app that is not scope enabled. Please refer to https://developer.linkedin.com/forum/when-will-old-apps-have-scope-parameter-enabled for more background information.

Furthermore, we have experienced trouble upgrading from OAuth 1.0 to OAuth 2.0 using the same app. Attempting to do so resulted in a weird error message when fetching the access token:

missing required parameters, includes an invalid parameter value, parameter more then once. : Unable to retrieve access token : authorization code not found
App registration (get your key and secret here)
https://www.linkedin.com/secure/developer?newapp=
Development callback URL
Leave the OAuth redirect URL empty.

OpenID

The OpenID provider does not require any settings per se. However, a typical OpenID login page presents the user with a predefined list of OpenID providers and allows the user to input his own OpenID identity URL in case his provider is not listed by default. The list of providers displayed by the builtin templates can be configured as follows:

SOCIALACCOUNT_PROVIDERS = \
    { 'openid':
        { 'SERVERS':
            [dict(id='yahoo',
                  name='Yahoo',
                  openid_url='http://me.yahoo.com'),
             dict(id='hyves',
                  name='Hyves',
                  openid_url='http://hyves.nl'),
             dict(id='google',
                  name='Google',
                  openid_url='https://www.google.com/accounts/o8/id')]}}

If you want to manually include login links yourself, you can use the following template tag:

{% load socialaccount %}
<a href="{% provider_login_url "openid" openid="https://www.google.com/accounts/o8/id" next="/success/url/" %}">Google</a>

Paypal

The following Paypal settings are available:

SOCIALACCOUNT_PROVIDERS = \
    {'paypal':
       {'SCOPE': ['openid', 'email'],
        'MODE': 'live'}}

SCOPE

In the Paypal developer site, you must also check the required attributes for your application. For a full list of scope options, see https://developer.paypal.com/docs/integration/direct/identity/attributes/

MODE

Either live or test. Set to test to use the Paypal sandbox.

App registration (get your key and secret here)
https://developer.paypal.com/webapps/developer/applications/myapps
Development callback URL
http://example.com/paypal/login/callback

Persona

Mozilla Persona does not require any settings. The REQUEST_PARAMETERS dictionary contains optional parameters that are passed as is to the navigator.id.request() method to influence the look and feel of the Persona dialog:

SOCIALACCOUNT_PROVIDERS = \
    { 'persona':
        { 'REQUEST_PARAMETERS': {'siteName': 'Example' } } }

SoundCloud

SoundCloud allows you to choose between OAuth1 and OAuth2. Choose the latter.

Stack Exchange

Register your OAuth2 app over at http://stackapps.com/apps/oauth/register. Do not enable "Client Side Flow". For local development you can simply use "localhost" for the OAuth domain.

As for all providers, provider specific data is stored in SocialAccount.extra_data. For Stack Exchange we need to choose what data to store there by choosing the Stack Exchange site (e.g. Stack Overflow, or Server Fault). This can be controlled by means of the SITE setting:

SOCIALACCOUNT_PROVIDERS = \
    { 'stackexchange':
        { 'SITE': 'stackoverflow' } }

Twitch

Register your OAuth2 app over at http://www.twitch.tv/kraken/oauth2/clients/new.

Vimeo

App registration
https://developer.vimeo.com/apps
Development callback URL
http://localhost:8000

VK

App registration
http://vk.com/apps?act=settings
Development callback URL ("Site address")
http://localhost

Weibo

Register your OAuth2 app over at http://open.weibo.com/apps. Unfortunately, Weibo does not allow for specifying a port number in the authorization callback URL. So for development purposes you have to use a callback url of the form http://127.0.0.1/accounts/weibo/login/callback/ and run runserver 127.0.0.1:80.

Signals

The following signals are emitted:

  • allauth.account.signals.user_logged_in

    Sent when a user logs in.

  • allauth.account.signals.user_signed_up

    Sent when a user signs up for an account. This signal is typically followed by a user_logged_in, unless e-mail verification prohibits the user to log in.

  • email_confirmed

    Sent after the email address in the db was updated and set to confirmed.

  • email_confirmation_sent

    Sent right after the email confirmation is sent.

  • allauth.socialaccount.signals.pre_social_login

    Sent after a user successfully authenticates via a social provider, but before the login is fully processed. This signal is emitted as part of the social login and/or signup process, as well as when connecting additional social accounts to an existing account. Access tokens and profile information, if applicable for the provider, is provided.

  • allauth.socialaccount.signals.social_account_added

    Sent after a user connects a social account to a his local account.

  • allauth.socialaccount.signals.social_account_removed

    Sent after a user disconnects a social account from his local account.

Views

Logout

The logout view (allauth.account.views.LogoutView) requests for confirmation before logging out. The user is logged out only when the confirmation is received by means of a POST request.

If you are wondering why, consider what happens when a malicious user embeds the following image in a post:

<img src="http://example.com/accounts/logout/">

For this and more background information on the subject, see:

If you insist on having logout on GET, then please consider adding a bit of Javascript to automatically turn a click on a logout link into a POST. As a last resort, you can set ACCOUNT_LOGOUT_ON_GET to True.

Templates

Template Tags

The following template tag libraries are available:

  • account: tags for dealing with accounts in general
  • socialaccount: tags focused on social accounts

Account Tags

Use user_display to render a user name without making assumptions on how the user is represented (e.g. render the username, or first name?):

{% load account %}

{% user_display user %}

Or, if you need to use in a {% blocktrans %}:

{% load account %}

{% user_display user as user_display %}
{% blocktrans %}{{ user_display }} has logged in...{% endblocktrans %}

Then, override the ACCOUNT_USER_DISPLAY setting with your project specific user display callable.

Social Account Tags

Use the provider_login_url tag to generate provider specific login URLs:

{% load socialaccount %}

<a href="{% provider_login_url "openid" openid="https://www.google.com/accounts/o8/id" next="/success/url/" %}">Google</a>
<a href="{% provider_login_url "twitter" %}">Twitter</a>

Here, you can pass along an optional process parameter that indicates how to process the social login. You can choose between login and connect:

<a href="{% provider_login_url "twitter" process="connect" %}">Connect a Twitter account</a>

Furthermore, you can pass along an action parameter with value reauthenticate to indicate that you want the user to be re-prompted for authentication even if he already signed in before. For now, this is supported by Facebook, Google and Twitter only.

For Javascript based logins (e.g. when you enable the Facebook JS SDK), you will need to make sure that the required Javascript is loaded. The following tag loads all scripts for the enabled providers:

{% providers_media_js %}

For easy access to the social accounts for a user use:

{% get_social_accounts user as accounts %}

Then:

{{accounts.twitter}} -- a list of connected Twitter accounts
{{accounts.twitter.0}} -- the first Twitter account
{% if accounts %} -- if there is at least one social account

Decorators

Verified E-mail Required

Even when email verification is not mandatory during signup, there may be circumstances during which you really want to prevent unverified users to proceed. For this purpose you can use the following decorator:

from allauth.account.decorators import verified_email_required

@verified_email_required
def verified_users_only_view(request):
    ...

The behavior is as follows:

  • If the user isn't logged in, it acts identical to the login_required decorator.
  • If the user is logged in but has no verified e-mail address, an e-mail verification mail is automatically resend and the user is presented with a page informing him he needs to verify his email address.

Advanced Usage

HTTPS

This app currently provides no functionality for enforcing views to be HTTPS only, or switching from HTTP to HTTPS (and back) on demand. There are third party packages aimed at providing precisely this, please use these .

What is provided is the following:

  • The protocol to be used for generating links (e.g. password forgotten) for e-mails is configurable by means of the ACCOUNT_DEFAULT_HTTP_PROTOCOL setting.
  • Automatically switching to HTTPS is built-in for OAuth providers that require this (e.g. Amazon). However, remembering the original protocol before the switch and switching back after the login is not provided.

Custom User Models

If you use a custom user model you need to specify what field represents the username, if any. Here, username really refers to the field representing the nick name the user uses to login, and not some unique identifier (possibly including an e-mail adddress) as is the case for Django's AbstractBaseUser.USERNAME_FIELD.

Meaning, if your custom user model does not have a username field (again, not to be mistaken with an e-mail address or user id), you will need to set ACCOUNT_USER_MODEL_USERNAME_FIELD to None. This will disable username related functionality in allauth.

Similarly, you will need to set ACCOUNT_USER_MODEL_EMAIL_FIELD to None, or the proper field (if other than email).

Creating and Populating User instances

The following adapter methods can be used to intervene in how User instances are created, and populated with data

  • allauth.account.adapter.DefaultAccountAdapter:
    • new_user(self, request): Instantiates a new, empty User.
    • save_user(self, request, user, form): Populates and saves the User instance using information provided in the signup form.
    • confirm_email(self, request, email_address): Marks the email address as confirmed and saves to the db.
  • allauth.socialaccount.adapter.DefaultSocialAccountAdapter:
    • new_user(self, request, sociallogin): Instantiates a new, empty User.
    • save_user(self, request, sociallogin, form=None): Populates and saves the User instance (and related social login data). The signup form is not available in case of auto signup.
    • populate_user(self, request, sociallogin, data): Hook that can be used to further populate the user instance (sociallogin.account.user). Here, data is a dictionary of common user properties (first_name, last_name, email, username, name) that the provider already extracted for you.

Invitations

Invitation handling is not supported, and most likely will not be any time soon. An invitation app could cover anything ranging from invitations of new users, to invitations of existing users to participate in restricted parts of the site. All in all, the scope of invitation handling is large enough to warrant being addressed in an app of its own.

Still, everything is in place to easily hook up any third party invitation app. The account adapter (allauth.account.adapter.DefaultAccountAdapter) offers the following methods:

  • is_open_for_signup(self, request). You can override this method to, for example, inspect the session to check if an invitation was accepted.
  • stash_verified_email(self, request, email). If an invitation was accepted by following a link in a mail, then there is no need to send e-mail verification mails after the signup is completed. Use this method to record the fact that an e-mail address was verified.

Sending E-mail

E-mails sent (e.g. in case of password forgotten, or e-mail confirmation) can be altered by providing your own templates. Templates are named as follows:

account/email/email_confirmation_subject.txt
account/email/email_confirmation_message.txt

In case you want to include an HTML representation, add an HTML template as follows:

account/email/email_confirmation_message.html

If this does not suit your needs, you can hook up your own custom mechanism by overriding the send_mail method of the account adapter (allauth.account.adapter.DefaultAccountAdapter).

Custom Redirects

If redirecting to statically configurable URLs (as specified in your project settings) is not flexible enough, then you can override the following adapter methods:

  • allauth.account.adapter.DefaultAccountAdapter:
    • get_login_redirect_url(self, request)
    • get_logout_redirect_url(self, request)
    • get_email_confirmation_redirect_url(self, request)
  • allauth.socialaccount.adapter.DefaultSocialAccountAdapter:
    • get_connect_redirect_url(self, request, socialaccount)

For example, redirecting to /accounts/<username>/ can be implemented as follows:

# project/settings.py:
ACCOUNT_ADAPTER = 'project.users.adapter.MyAccountAdapter'

# project/users/adapter.py:
from django.conf import settings
from allauth.account.adapter import DefaultAccountAdapter

class MyAccountAdapter(DefaultAccountAdapter):

    def get_login_redirect_url(self, request):
        path = "/accounts/{username}/"
        return path.format(username=request.user.username)

Messages

The Django messages framework (django.contrib.messages) is used if it is listed in settings.INSTALLED_APPS. All messages (as in django.contrib.messages) are configurable by overriding their respective template. If you want to disable a message simply override the message template with a blank one.

Frequently Asked Questions

Overall

Why don't you implement support for ... ?

This app is just about authentication. Anything that is project specific, such as making choices on what to display in a profile page, or, what information is stored for a user (e.g. home address, or favorite color?), is beyond scope and therefore not offered.

Troubleshooting

The /accounts/ URL is giving me a 404

There is no such URL. Try /accounts/login/ instead.

When I attempt to login I run into a 404 on /accounts/profile/

When you end up here you have successfully logged in. However, you will need to implement a view for this URL yourself, as whatever is to be displayed here is project specific. You can also decide to redirect elsewhere:

https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/dev/ref/settings/#login-redirect-url

When I sign up I run into connectivity errors (connection refused et al)

You probably have not got an e-mail (SMTP) server running on the machine you are developing on. Therefore, allauth is unable to send verification mails.

You can work around this by adding the following line to settings.py:

EMAIL_BACKEND = 'django.core.mail.backends.console.EmailBackend'

This will avoid the need for an SMTP server as e-mails will be printed to the console. For more information, please refer to:

https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/dev/ref/settings/#email-host

Commercial Support

This project is sponsored by IntenCT. If you require assistance on your project(s), please contact us: info@intenct.nl.

 
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