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django-localized-recurrence 0.1

Store events that recur in users' local times.

Latest Version: 1.2.0

[![Build Status]https://travis-ci.org/ambitioninc/django-localized-recurrence.svg?branch=develop]https://travis-ci.org/ambitioninc/django-localized-recurrence

Django Localized Recurrence
===========================

Store events that recur in users' local times.

Overview
----------------------------------------

Your site has a lot of users, spread across different timezones. You
want the allow them to schedule recurring events. Without localized
recurrences, it is difficult to ensure that something happens at 3:00
PM every Wednesday in a User's local time. With localized recurrences,
it is easy.

The goal of this library is to automatically keep track of when your
users expect events to happen next, even across daylight savings time
boundaries, allowing you to interact with these events purely in UTC.

The Usage section of this document describes patterns for using
localized-recurrences in more detail.


Installation
----------------------------------------

This packages is currently only available through github. The
intention is to make it available on Pypi, but until then it can be
installed through pip with:

pip install git+git://github.com/ambitioninc/django-localized-recurrence.git@master


Usage
----------------------------------------

### Creating a recurrence

The following is an example of a daily recurring event, at 3:00 PM in
the user's local time in the Eastern United States.

from datetime import timedelta

from localized_recurrence.models import LocalizedRecurrence

LocalizedRecurrence.objects.create(
interval='DAY',
offset=timedelta(hours=15),
timezone='US/Eastern',
)

The arguments to create this event are:

- interval: One of the three character strings: 'DAY', 'WEEK', or
'MONTH', specifying how often the event happens.

- offset: A python timedelta containing the amount of time into the
interval the event is supposed to recur. That is, if the interval is
daily, then a recurrence at 3:00 PM daily would correspond to an
`offset` of `timedelta(hours=15)`. If the interval is weekly, then a
recurrence at 1:00 AM on Tuesday would correspond to an `offset` of
`timedelta(days=1, hours=1)`.

- timezone: A string (or timezone object) that can be accepted into a
pytz timezone_field, representing the timezone of the user.

### Acting on a recurrence

Django localized-recurrence does not specify a method for checking
when recurrences are due. The user of this app is in complete control
of how these recurrences are to be checked. For example, they could be
checked in the view code when a user loads a page, or in a celery beat
task.

In order to support a broad range of use cases, localized-recurrence
limits itself to two actions.

1. Checking when the event is next scheduled to recur.
2. Updating the event to have occured in this interval.

With this model, the first step is to check if a `LocalizedRecurrence`
is due to occur. For a given `LocalizedRecurrence` object, called, say
`my_daily_event`, this check is as simple as:

my_daily_event.next_scheduled < datetime.utcnow()

Or, to find all the `LocalizedRecurrence` instance which are due:

past_due = LocalizedRecurrence.objects.filter(next_scheduled__lte=datetime.utcnow())

Then, after taking whatever action goes along with an event, we need
to update the database so that the types of checks we showed above
will only return `True` in the next interval for the recurrence.

For a queryset, such as `past_due` above, this is as simple as:

past_due.update_schedule()

With that call, django-localized-recurrence takes care of any local
time changes in the interval, and sets the `next_scheduled` field of
each object to the time, in UTC, of the event, as the user would
expect it for their local time.

To update a single record, first filter to that get record:

LocalizedRecurrence.objects.filter(id=my_daily_event.id).update_schedule()

### A Calendar Event Example

In this example we create a basic Calendar event, which store
recurring events. The benefits of using a localized recurrence in this
way are two fold. First, that you don't have to store a separate entry
for every time the event happens, only one localized recurrence
describing how the event recurs. Second, the code for keeping track of
the conversion between a user's local time and UTC, even across
daylight savings time boundaries is automatically handled by the
recurrence updates.

We start by defining a model with a foreign key to `LocalizedRecurrence`.


from django.contrib.auth.models import User
from django.db import models

from localized_recurrence import LocalizedRecurrence

class RecurringCalendarEvent(models.Model):
user = models.ForeignKey(User)
event_name = models.CharField(max_length=120)
event_description = models.TextField()
recurrence = models.ForeignKey(LocalizedRecurrence)

objects = RecurringCalendarEventManager()

To go along with the event model, we create a manager that can create
the localized recurrence and event at the same time.

class RecurringCalendarEventManager(models.Manager):
def create_event(self, name, description, user, timezone, offset, interval):
recurrence = LocalizedRecurrence.objects.create(
interval=interval,
offset=time,
timezone=timezone
)
event = self.create(
user=user,
event_name=name,
description=description,
recurrence=recurrence
)
return event

Then, in a file `views.py` we can create two views. The first is a
view that is intended to show a simple calendar but that first checks
to see if there are any events that are due to be shown the user. It
does this by filtering on the `next_scheduled` field of the associated
`LocalizedRecurrence` objects.

from datetime import datetime

from django.shortcuts import redirect
from django.views.generic import TemplateView

class CalendarView(TemplateView):
template_name = 'calendar/full_calendar.html'

def get(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
events_past_due = RecurringCalendarEvent.objects.filter(
user=self.request.user,
recurrence__next_scheduled__lte=datetime.utcnow()
)
if events_past_due.count() > 0:
redirect('calendar.event_notification')
else:
return super(CalendarView, self).get(request, *args, **kwargs)

The second view (also assumed to be in the `views.py` file) is the
view that displays any of the events that are past due. In this view,
the `get_context_data` takes care of both passing the events to the
template, but also updating the `LocalizedRecurrence` objects so that
their `next_scheduled` fields are automatically set to the appropriate
time in the future.

class CalendarNotification(TemplateView):
template_name = 'calendar/event_notification.html'

def get_context_data(self):
context = super(CalendarNotification, self)
events_past_due = RecurringCalendarEvent.objects.filter(
user=self.request.user,
recurrence__next_scheduled__lte=datetime.utcnow()
)
LocalizedRecurrence.objects.filter(
id__in=[event.recurrence for event in events_past_due]
).update_schedule()
context['events_past_due'] = events_past_due
return context

Then all that's left is presenting this information in an attractive
manner.

In this usage of the LocalizedRecurrence objects, checking the
recurrences depend on the user actually visiting a page to hit the
code path. It would also be possible to check if the recurrences are
past due in a separate task, like the celery-beat scheduler.

Contributions and Licence
----------------------------------------

Contributions are welcome, through issues or pull requests. If this
documentation is unclear, feel free to ask for clarification.

Licenced under the MIT License. For details see the LICENSE file.  
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