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django-proxy-server 0.6

This is a django application to use django as a proxy server between a frontend device/server and a backend server inside a DMZ

# django_proxy_server

This is a django application to use django as a proxy server between a frontend device/server and a backend server inside a militarized zone. Services can be exposed using Django REST Framework. To identify itself, django-proxy-server uses the SECRET_KEY variable defined in settings as its API KEY.

Django proxy server can also be used for authentication against a web service. This backend relies on Django's Cache Framework for storing user sessions.

## Quick start

Install using pip or easy_install

$ pip install django-proxy-server

$ easy_install django-proxy-server

Add "proxy_server" to your INSTALLED_APPS setting like this:

INSTALLED_APPS = (
...
'proxy_server',
)

Additionally, you can have Django REST Framework support by adding the following to your settings.py and installing it through pip

REST_FRAMEWORK_SUPPORT = True

Add the following options to the settings.py file to configure:

PROXY_API_KEYS = [
# Add the API KEYS you wish to allow consuming services
# API KEYS are required. Services cannot be consumed without an API KEY
]

# Write the route to the service you wish to use as token validation.
# If you don't wish to have a token validation, skip this setting
PROXY_TOKEN_VALIDATION_SERVICE = 'project.services.token_service'

# The IP or domain address of the backend services to be consumed
BACKEND_HOST = '127.0.0.1'

# The port through which the backend services will be consumed
BACKEND_PORT = '8000'

Additionally, to avoid Django checking for CSRF token in the requests, add the following middleware at the end of your MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES setting like this:

MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = (
...
'proxy_server.middleware.DisableCSRF',
)

This middleware checks if the view function was decorated with @expose_service and marks it to avoid CSRF check.

## Usage

### Proxy Server

To expose a service using Django, simply decorate a view with

# The option methods is a list of HTTP methods that can be exposed.
# For example: GET, POST, PUT, DELETE
# The option public indicates that the service will be exposed as public,
# thus it doesn't require for the header to include a USER_TOKEN value
@expose_service([ methods ], public=True)

There are two ways of invoking backend services, from a traditional Django view or from an external device that uses Django as a proxy server. The functions to invoke backend services relies on the helper function generate_service_url.

The function generate_service_url allows appending parameters to a URL, as well as encrypting them if the kwarg encrypted is set to True (by default, it is False).

When using traditional Django views, invoke services as follows:

from proxy_server.backend_services import invoke_backend_service
from proxy_server.helpers import generate_service_url

def function(request):
...
status, response = invoke_backend_service('GET', generate_service_url('/get_user', params={ 'username':'proxy_server_admin' }, encrypted=True), request=request)
...

The invoke_backend_service receives the following parameters:
* method: The method of the service to be invoked
* function_path: The path of the service URL
* json_data: A dictionary with the body content of the service. Default value: empty dict.
* request: The request of the Django view with the information of the user and headers
* response_token: Boolean argument that indicates if a response token is expected. By default, the service expects a token on response.
* public: Boolean argument that indicates if the accessed service is public. By default, the invoked services are not public.
* secure: Boolean argument that indicates if the web service connection must be stablished over HTTPS. By default, the connection is created using HTTP.

When using Django as a proxy server, invoke services as follows:

from proxy_server.decorators import expose_service
from proxy_server.helpers import generate_service_url
from proxy_server.backend_services import invoke_backend_service_as_proxy
import proxy_server

@expose_service(['GET'])
def home(request):
...
response = invoke_backend_service_as_proxy(request, 'GET', generate_service_url('/get_user', params={ 'username':'proxy_server_admin' }, encrypted=True), secure=True)
...

The invoke_backend_service_as_proxy receives the following parameters:
* request: The request of the Django view with the information of the user and headers
* method: The method of the service to be invoked
* function_path: The path of the service URL
* json_data: A dictionary with the body content of the service. Default value: empty dict.
* response_token: Boolean argument that indicates if a response token is expected. By default, the service expects a token on response.
* secure: Boolean argument that indicates if the web service connection must be stablished over HTTPS. By default, the connection is created using HTTP.

The invoke functions generate the following responses:

1. If the server response is a 200 or 204, the response is redirected (the view responds with an exact copy of the server's response).
2. If the server response is different from 200 or 204, the response has the following structure:

{
'error': {
'code': 500,
'type': 'ProxyServerError',
'message': error_message
}
}

The difference between invoke_backend_service and invoke_backend_service_as_proxy is that the first responds with a status code and a dictionary, while the second responds with a Django's HttpResponse object.

#### Considerations

The previous annotation and functions depend on the following response structure:

For response.status_code = 200

{
'user-token':'abc', # If the server returns it
'expiration-date':'2014-09-09 10:41:54', # Expiration date of the user token.
# If the user token is not present, this is not represent either
'response':{
# Content of the response. This content can also be an array
}
}

For response.status_code != 200

{
'user-token':'abc', # If the server returns it
'expiration-date':'2014-09-09 10:41:54', # Expiration date of the user token.
# If the user token is not present, this is not represent either
'error': {
'code': 500, # Or any other code sent by the server. This is specific to the server
'type': 'ErrorType', # Type of the error. This is specific to the server
'message': 'Error message'
}
}

### Authentication

To use Django Proxy Server's authentication backend, add "proxy_server.authentication.auth.ProxyServerBackend" to your AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS setting, set your CACHES setting to your prefferred backend and add "novtory_admin.middleware.AuthMiddleware" to your MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES setting, like this:

AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS = (
'proxy_server.authentication.auth.ProxyServerBackend',
)

CACHES = {
'default': {
'BACKEND': 'django.core.cache.backends.locmem.LocMemCache',
}
}

MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = (
...
'proxy_server.authentication.middleware.ProxyServerMiddleware',
)

Currently, Django Proxy Server supports login web service under the path "/login" only. It relies on you can pass the login web service body through the authenticate kwargs, like this:

# Pass the request so it can be passed to invoke_backend_service function
user = auth.authenticate(username=email, password=password, request=request, role=role, platform=platform)

The authentication backend User object uses the email as username and a base64 encoding of the username as id. The user pk is assigned as the token returned by the backend server through invoke_backend_service function.

For the authenticate function to work correctly, the login web service must return a JSON dictionary with email, name and is_active keys. No staff or superuser Users are allowed.  
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
django-proxy-server-0.6.macosx-10.10-x86_64.exe (md5) MS Windows installer any 2015-06-28 82KB
django-proxy-server-0.6.tar.gz (md5) Source 2015-06-28 15KB
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