skip to navigation
skip to content

dupfinder 1.4.3

Find and manage duplication files on the file system

This package designed to find and manage duplications, and contains two utilities:

  • dupfind - to find duplications
  • dupmanage - to manage found duplications

DUPFIND UTILITY:

dupfind utility allows you to find duplicated files and directories in your file system.

Show how utility find duplicated files:

By default utility identifies duplication files by file content.

First of all - create several different files in the current directory.

>>> createFile('tfile1.txt', "A"*10)
>>> createFile('tfile2.txt', "A"*1025)
>>> createFile('tfile3.txt', "A"*2048)

Then create other files in another directory, one of them to be the same as already created ones.

>>> mkd("dir1")
>>> createFile('tfile1.txt', "A"*20, "dir1")
>>> createFile('tfile2.txt', "A"*1025, "dir1")
>>> createFile('tfile13.txt', "A"*48, "dir1")

Look into the directories contents:

>>> ls()
=== list directory ===
D :: dir1 :: ...
F :: tfile1.txt :: 10
F :: tfile2.txt :: 1025
F :: tfile3.txt :: 2048
>>> ls("dir1")
=== list dir1 directory ===
F :: tfile1.txt :: 20
F :: tfile13.txt :: 48
F :: tfile2.txt :: 1025

We see, that “tfile2.txt” is same in both directories, while “tfile1.txt” - has the same name, but differs in size. So utility must identify only “tfile2.txt” as a duplication file.

We force output results with “-o <output file name>” argument to outputf file, and pass testdir as directory that is looking for duplications.

>>> dupfind("-o %(o)s %(dir)s" % {'o':outputf, 'dir': testdir})

Now check the results file for duplications.

>>> cat(outputf)
hash,size,type,ext,name,directory,modification,operation,operation_data
...,1025,F,txt,tfile2.txt,.../tmp.../dir1,...
...,1025,F,txt,tfile2.txt,.../tmp...,...

Show quick/slow utility mode:

As mentioned above - utility identifies duplication files by file contents. This mode slows down the system and consumes a lot of system resources.

However, in most cases the file name and size is enough to identify the duplication. So in that case you can use quick mode –quick (-q) option.

So test the previous files in the quick mode:

>>> dupfind("-q -o %(o)s %(dir)s" % {'o':outputf, 'dir': testdir})

Now check the result file for duplications.

>>> cat(outputf)
hash,size,type,ext,name,directory,modification,operation,operation_data
...,1025,F,txt,tfile2.txt,.../tmp.../dir1,...
...,1025,F,txt,tfile2.txt,.../tmp...,...

As we can see the quick mode identifies duplications correctly.

Let’s show that there are cases when this mode can lead to mistakes. To do that let’s add a file with the same name and size but different content and apply utility in both modes:

>>> createFile('tfile000.txt', "First  "*20,)
>>> createFile('tfile000.txt', "Second "*20, "dir1")

Now check the duplication results using default (not quick mode) …

>>> dupfind(" -o %(o)s %(dir)s" % {'o':outputf, 'dir': testdir})
>>> cat(outputf)
hash,size,type,ext,name,directory,modification,operation,operation_data
...,1025,F,txt,tfile2.txt,.../tmp.../dir1,...
...,1025,F,txt,tfile2.txt,.../tmp...,...

As we can see not-quick mode identifies duplications correctly.

Let’s check duplications using the quick mode…

>>> dupfind(" -q -o %(o)s %(dir)s" % {'o':outputf, 'dir': testdir})
>>> cat(outputf)
hash,size,type,ext,name,directory,modification,operation,operation_data
...,140,F,txt,tfile000.txt,.../tmp.../dir1,...
...,140,F,txt,tfile000.txt,.../tmp...,...
...,1025,F,txt,tfile2.txt,.../tmp.../dir1,...
...,1025,F,txt,tfile2.txt,.../tmp...,...

As we can see wrong duplications are found using the quick-mode.

Cleanup the test

>>> cleanTestDir()

Show how utility finds duplicated directories:

Utility identifies duplicated directories as directories, all files of which are duplicated and all inner directories are also duplicated directories.

First compare 2 directories with the same files.

Create directories with the same content.

>>> def mkDir(dpath):
...     mkd(dpath)
...     createFile('tfile1.txt', "A"*10, dpath)
...     createFile('tfile2.txt', "A"*1025, dpath)
...     createFile('tfile3.txt', "A"*2048, dpath)
...
>>> mkDir("dir1")
>>> mkDir("dir2")

Confirm that the directories’ contents are really identical

>>> ls("dir1")
=== list dir1 directory ===
F :: tfile1.txt :: 10
F :: tfile2.txt :: 1025
F :: tfile3.txt :: 2048
>>> ls("dir2")
=== list dir2 directory ===
F :: tfile1.txt :: 10
F :: tfile2.txt :: 1025
F :: tfile3.txt :: 2048

Now run the utility and check the result file:

>>> dupfind("-o %(o)s %(dir)s" % {'o':outputf, 'dir': testdir})
>>> cat(outputf)
hash,size,type,ext,name,directory,modification,operation,operation_data
...,D,,dir1,...
...,D,,dir2,...

Compare 2 directories with the same files and dirs.

Create new directories with the same content, but different names in previously created directories.

So for directories to be interpreted as duplications - they don’t need to have the same name, but the identical content.

Add 2 identical directories to the previous ones.

>>> def mkDir1(dpath):
...     mkd(dpath)
...     createFile('tfile11.txt', "B"*4000, dpath)
...     createFile('tfile12.txt', "B"*222, dpath)
...
>>> mkDir1("dir1/dir11")
>>> mkDir1("dir2/dir21")

Note that we added two directories with same contents, but different names. This should not break duplications.

>>> def mkDir2(dpath):
...     mkd(dpath)
...     createFile('tfile21.txt', "C"*4096, dpath)
...     createFile('tfile22.txt', "C"*123, dpath)
...     createFile('tfile23.txt', "C"*444, dpath)
...     createFile('tfile24.txt', "C"*555, dpath)
...
>>> mkDir2("dir1/dir22")
>>> mkDir2("dir2/dir22")

Confirm that directories’ contents are really identical

>>> ls("dir1")
=== list dir1 directory ===
D :: dir11 :: -1
D :: dir22 :: -1
F :: tfile1.txt :: 10
F :: tfile2.txt :: 1025
F :: tfile3.txt :: 2048
>>> ls("dir2")
=== list dir2 directory ===
D :: dir21 :: -1
D :: dir22 :: -1
F :: tfile1.txt :: 10
F :: tfile2.txt :: 1025
F :: tfile3.txt :: 2048

And contents for inner directories

First subdirectory:

>>> ls("dir1/dir11")
=== list dir1/dir11 directory ===
F :: tfile11.txt :: 4000
F :: tfile12.txt :: 222
>>> ls("dir2/dir21")
=== list dir2/dir21 directory ===
F :: tfile11.txt :: 4000
F :: tfile12.txt :: 222

Second subdirectory:

>>> ls("dir1/dir22")
=== list dir1/dir22 directory ===
F :: tfile21.txt :: 4096
F :: tfile22.txt :: 123
F :: tfile23.txt :: 444
F :: tfile24.txt :: 555
>>> ls("dir2/dir22")
=== list dir2/dir22 directory ===
F :: tfile21.txt :: 4096
F :: tfile22.txt :: 123
F :: tfile23.txt :: 444
F :: tfile24.txt :: 555

Now test the utility.

>>> dupfind("-o %(o)s %(dir)s" % {'o':outputf, 'dir': testdir})

Checks the results file for duplications.

>>> cat(outputf)
hash,size,type,ext,name,directory,modification,operation,operation_data
...,D,,dir1,...
...,D,,dir2,...

NOTE:

Inner duplication directories are excluded from the results:

>>> outputres = file(outputf).read()
>>> "dir1/dir11" in outputres
False
>>> "dir1/dir22" in outputres
False
>>> "dir2/dir21" in outputres
False
>>> "dir2/dir22" in outputres
False

Utility accepts more than one argument as directories list:

Use previous directory structure to prove this:

Now pass to utility “dir1/dir11” and “dir2” directories:

>>> dupfind("-o %(o)s %(dir1-11)s %(dir2)s" % {
...     'o':outputf,
...     'dir1-11': os.path.join(testdir,"dir1/dir11"),
...     'dir2': os.path.join(testdir,"dir2"),})

Now check the result file for duplications.

>>> cat(outputf)
hash,size,type,ext,name,directory,modification,operation,operation_data
...,D,,dir11,.../tmp.../dir1,...
...,D,,dir21,.../tmp.../dir2,...

DUPMANAGE UTILITY:

dupmanage utility allows you to manage duplication files and directories of your file system with csv data file.

Utility use csv-formatted data-file to process duplication items. Data file must contain the following columns:

  • type
  • name
  • directory
  • operation
  • operation_data

Utility supports 2 types of operations with duplication items:

  • deleting (“D”)
  • symlinking (“L”) only for UNIX-like systems

operation_data is only used for symlinking operation and must contain the path to symlinking sorce item.

Show how utility manages duplications:

To show - use previous directory structure and also add several duplications:

Create a file in the root directory and the same file in another catalog.

>>> createFile('tfile03.txt', "D"*100)
>>> mkd("dir3")
>>> createFile('tfile03.txt', "D"*100, "dir3")

Look into directories contents:

>>> ls()
=== list directory ===
D :: dir1 :: ...
D :: dir2 :: ...
D :: dir3 :: ...
F :: tfile03.txt :: 100
>>> ls("dir3")
=== list dir3 directory ===
F :: tfile03.txt :: 100

We already know the previous duplications, so now we create csv-formatted data file to manage duplications.

>>> manage_data = """type,name,directory,operation,operation_data
... F,tfile03.txt,%(testdir)s/dir3,L,%(testdir)s/tfile03.txt
... D,dir2,%(testdir)s,D,
... """ % {'testdir': testdir}
>>> createFile('manage.csv', manage_data)

Now call the utility and check result directory content:

>>> manage_path = os.path.join(testdir, 'manage.csv')
>>> dupmanage("%s -v" % manage_path)
[...
[...]: Symlink .../tfile03.txt item to .../dir3/tfile03.txt
[...]: Remove .../dir2 directory
[...]: Processed 2 items

Review directory content:

>>> ls()
=== list directory ===
D :: dir1 :: ...
D :: dir3 :: ...
F :: tfile03.txt :: 100
>>> ls("dir3")
=== list dir3 directory ===
L :: tfile03.txt :: ...

HISTORY:

1.4.3

  • Comment useless for now output_format option for dupfinder utility.

1.4.2

  • Refactoring content comparison to use zlib.crc32 function to calculate file content diges - speedup algorythm.
  • Fixed some bugs

1.4

  • Updated file duplication finding: added file comparison by content oportunity. Made this variant - default one.
  • Added -q (–quick) option to use quick file comparison (by name and size)
  • Added tests for quick/not-quick duplication finding

1.2

  • Added dupmanage utility for manage duplications
  • Added tests for dupmanage utility

1.0

  • Tests for dupfinder utility added

0.8

  • Refactoring classes: remove DupFilter, move filtering into DupOut class.
  • Force implicitly hiding inner content of a duplication directories.

0.7

  • Refactoring utility into classes
  • Fix bugs with bad files processing
  • Fix bug with size calculation

0.5

  • Refactoring inner finding algorithm
  • Implemented opportunity to remove from the result report inner content from duplication directories

0.3

  • Files finder implemented
  • Output in csv format
  • added filters by size

0.1

  • Initial release
 
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
dupfinder-1.4.3-py2.4.egg (md5) Python Egg 2.4 2010-01-20 23KB
dupfinder-1.4.3.tar.gz (md5) Source 2010-01-20 10KB