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ens 0.6.1

Ethereum Name Service, made easy in Python

Access the Ethereum Name Service using this python library. Note: this is a work in progress

Using this library is not a way to skip learning how ENS works. If you are registering a name, a small misunderstanding can cause you to lose all your deposit. Go read about ENS first. Your funds are your responsibility.

Beta-quality warning

This is a preview for developers, and an invitation for contributions. Please do not use this in production until this warning is removed, especially when putting funds at risk. Examples of funds being at risk include: sending ether/tokens to resolved addresses and participating in name auctions.

If you supply the a domain with type bytes, it will be assumed to be UTF-8 encoded, like in Ethereum contracts.

Setup

pip install ens

Any issues? See Setup details

Usage

All examples in Python 3

Name info

Get address from name

Default to {name}.eth:

from ens import ens


# look up the hex representation of the address for a name

eth_address = ens.address('jasoncarver.eth')

assert eth_address == '0x5b2063246f2191f18f2675cedb8b28102e957458'


# ens.py will assume you want a .eth name if you don't specify a full name

assert ens.address('jasoncarver') == eth_address

Get name from address

domain = ens.name('0x5b2063246f2191f18f2675cedb8b28102e957458')


# name() also accepts the bytes version of the address

assert ens.name(b'[ c$o!\x91\xf1\x8f&u\xce\xdb\x8b(\x10.\x95tX') == domain


# confirm that the name resolves back to the address that you looked up:

assert ens.address(domain) == '0x5b2063246f2191f18f2675cedb8b28102e957458'

Get owner of name

eth_address = ens.owner('exchange.eth')

Set up your name

Point your name to your address

Do you want to set up your name so that ens.address() will show the address it points to?

ens.setup_address('jasoncarver.eth', '0x5b2063246f2191f18f2675cedb8b28102e957458')

You must already be the owner of the domain (or its parent).

In the common case where you want to point the name to the owning address, you can skip the address

ens.setup_address('jasoncarver.eth')

You can claim arbitrarily deep subdomains. Gas costs scale up with the number of subdomains!

ens.setup_address('supreme.executive.power.derives.from.a.mandate.from.the.masses.jasoncarver.eth')

Wait for the transaction to be mined, then:

assert ens.address('supreme.executive.power.derives.from.a.mandate.from.the.masses.jasoncarver.eth') == \
    '0x5b2063246f2191f18f2675cedb8b28102e957458'

Point your address to your name

Do you want to set up your address so that ens.name() will show the name that points to it?

This is like Caller ID. It enables you and others to take an account and determine what name points to it. Sometimes this is referred to as “reverse” resolution.

ens.setup_name('jasoncarver.eth', '0x5b2063246f2191f18f2675cedb8b28102e957458')

If you don’t supply the address, setup_name will assume you want the address returned by ens.address(name).

ens.setup_name('jasoncarver.eth')

If the name doesn’t already point to an address, ens.setup_name will call ens.setup_address for you.

Wait for the transaction to be mined, then:

assert ens.name('0x5b2063246f2191f18f2675cedb8b28102e957458') == 'jasoncarver.eth'

Auctions for names ending in .eth

Get auction status

Example with domain ‘payment.eth’:

from ens.registrar import Status


status = ens.registrar.status('payment')


# if you forget to strip out .eth, ens.py will do it for you

assert ens.registrar.status('payment.eth') == status


# these are the possible statuses

assert status in (
  Status.Open,
  Status.Auctioning,
  Status.Owned,
  Status.Forbidden,
  Status.Revealing,
  Status.NotYetAvailable
  )


# if you get the integer status from another source, you can compare it directly

assert Status.Owned == 2

Start auctions

# start one auction (which tips people off that you're interested)

ens.registrar.start('you_saw_him_repressin_me_didnt_ya')


# start many auctions (which provides a bit of cover)

ens.registrar.start(['exchange', 'tickets', 'payment', 'trading', 'registry'])

Bid on auction

Bid on a ‘trading.eth’ with 5211 ETH, and secret “I promise I will not forget my secret”:

from web3utils import web3

ens.registrar.bid(
      'trading',
      web3.toWei('5211', 'ether'),
      "I promise I will not forget my secret",
      transact={'from': web3.eth.accounts[0]}
      )

(if you want to “mask” your bid, set a higher value in the transact dict)

Reveal your bid

You must always reveal your bid, whether you won or lost. Otherwise you will lose the full deposit.

Example of revealing your bid on ‘registry.eth’ with 0.01 ETH, and secret “For real, though: losing your secret means losing ether”:

ens.registrar.reveal(
      'registry',
      web3.toWei('0.01', 'ether'),
      "For real, though: losing your secret means losing ether",
      transact={'from': web3.eth.accounts[0]}
      )

Claim the name you won

aka “Finalize” auction, which makes you the owner in ENS.

ens.registrar.finalize('gambling')

Get detailed information on an auction

Find out the owner of the auction Deed – see docs on the difference between owning the name and the deed

deed = ens.registrar.deed('ethfinex')

assert deed.owner() == '0x9a02ed4ca9ad55b75ff9a05debb36d5eb382e184'

When was the auction completed? (a timezone-aware datetime object)

close_datetime = ens.registrar.close_at('ethfinex')

assert str(close_datetime) == '2017-06-05 08:10:03+00:00'

How much is held on deposit?

from decimal import Decimal

deposit = ens.registrar.deposit('ethfinex')

assert web3.fromWei(deposit, 'ether') == Decimal('0.01')

What was the highest bid?

top_bid = ens.registrar.top_bid('ethfinex')

assert web3.fromWei(top_bid, 'ether') == Decimal('201709.02')

Setup details

If Python 2 is your default, or you’re not sure

In your shell

if pip --version | grep "python 2"; then
  python3 -m venv ~/.py3venv
  source ~/.py3venv/bin/activate
fi

Now, with Python 3

In your shell: pip install ens

ens.py requires an up-to-date Ethereum blockchain, preferably local. If your setup isn’t working, try running geth --fast until it’s fully-synced. I highly recommend using the default IPC communication method, for speed and security.

“No matching distribution found for ens”

If you are seeing something like:

Collecting ens
  Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement ens (from versions: )
No matching distribution found for ens

Then retry the first Setup section, to make sure you’re in Python 3

Optionally, a custom web3 provider

In Python:

from ens import ENS
from web3 import IPCProvider

ens = ENS(IPCProvider('/your/custom/ipc/path'))

Developer Setup

git clone git@github.com:carver/ens.py.git
cd ens.py/

python3 -m venv venv
. venv/bin/activate

pip install -e .
pip install -r requirements-dev.txt

Testing Setup

Re-run flake on file changes:

$ when-changed -s -1 -r ens/ tests/ -c "clear; echo; echo \"running flake - $(date)\"; warn()
{
notify-send -t 5000 'Flake8 failure ⚠⚠⚠⚠⚠' 'flake8 on ens.py failed'
}
if ! git diff | flake8 --diff | grep "\.py"; then if ! flake8 ens/ tests/; then warn; fi else warn; fi; echo done"

Why does ens.py require python 3?

Short version

It turns out that the distinction between str and bytes is important. If you want to write code for the future (Ethereum), don’t use a language from the past.

Long version

Interacting with the EVM requires clarity on the bits you’re using. For example, a sha3 hash expects to receive a series of bytes to process. Calculating the sha3 hash of a string is (or should be) a Type Error; the hash algorithm doesn’t know what to do with a series of characters, aka Unicode code points. As the caller, you need to know which thing you’re calculating the hash of: 1. a series of bytes: b'[ c$o!\x91\xf1\x8f&u\xce\xdb\x8b(\x10.\x95tX' 2. the bytes represented by a string in hex format: '0x5b2063246f2191f18f2675cedb8b28102e957458' 3. the bytes generated by encoding a string using utf-8: Oops, the bytes from #1 cannot be read using utf-8! 4. the bytes generated by encoding a string using utf-16: '⁛④Ⅿ\uf191⚏칵诛ဨ键塴'

Python 3 doesn’t let you ignore a lot of these details. That’s good, because precision in dealing with the EVM is critical. Ether is at stake.

If you are resistant – I get it, I’ve been there. It is not intuitive for most people. But it’s seriously worth it to learn about encoding if you’re going to develop on top of Ethereum. Your ETH depends on it!

 
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
ens-0.6.1-py3-none-any.whl (md5) Python Wheel py3 2017-10-04 17KB