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gocept.amqprun 0.9

gocept.amqprun helps you writing and running AMQP consumers, and sending AMQP messages. It currently only supports AMQP 0-8 and integrates with the Zope Tool Kit (ZTK) so you can use adapters, utilities and all the buzz.

Latest Version: 0.13.0

gocept.amqprun helps you writing and running AMQP consumers, and sending AMQP messages. It currently only supports AMQP 0-8 and integrates with the Zope Tool Kit (ZTK) so you can use adapters, utilities and all the buzz.

Basic concepts and terms

  • A message handler is a function which is bound with a routing key to exactly one queue. It is called for each message on that queue, and may return a list of messages as a result.
  • The result messages of one handled message are sent in one transaction together with the ACK of the handled message.
  • When an exception is raised during message processing, the transaction is aborted. (The received message would be NACKed if RabbitMQ was supporting it.)
  • A message handler handles exactly one message at a time. Multiple messages can be processed at the same time using threads. Those threads are called workers.

Things you don't need to take care of

  • Threading of multiple workers
  • Socket handling and locking for communicating with the AMQP broker
  • Transaction handling
  • Message ids
    • Each outgoing message gets an email-like message id.
    • The correlation id of each outgoing message is set to the message id of the incoming message.
    • Each outgoing message gets a custom references header which is set to the incoming message's reference header plus the incoming message's message id.

Getting started: receiving messages

To get started, define a function which does the work. In this example, we log the message body and send a message. The declare decorator takes two arguments, the queue name and the routing key (you can also pass in a list to bind the function to multiple routing keys). The declare decorator also supports an optional arguments argument that is a dictionary to be passed to the AMQP queue_declare call to, e.g., support mirrored queues on RabbitMQ. The optional argument principal specifies to wrap the handler call into a zope.security interaction using the given principal id (you need the [security] extra to use this integration functionality).

import logging
import gocept.amqprun.handler
import gocept.amqprun.message

log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

@gocept.amqprun.handler.declare('test.queue', 'test.routing')
def log_message_body(message):
    log.info(message.body)
    msg = gocept.amqprun.message.Message(
        header=dict(content_type='text/plain'),
        body=u'Thank you for your message.',
        routing_key='test.thank.messages')
    return [msg]

The handler function needs to be registered as a named utility. With ZCML this looks like this [1]:

<configure xmlns="http://namespaces.zope.org/zope">
  <include package="gocept.amqprun" />
  <utility component="path.to.package.log_message_body" name="basic" />
</configure>

To set up a server, it's recommended to create a buildout. The following buildout creates a config file for gocept.amqprun as well as a ZCML file for the component configuration and uses ZDaemon to daemonize the process:

[buildout]
parts =
        config
        zcml
        app
        server

[deployment]
name = queue
recipe = gocept.recipe.deploymentsandbox
root = ${buildout:directory}

[config]
recipe = lovely.recipe:mkfile
path = ${deployment:etc-directory}/queue.conf

amqp-hostname = localhost
amqp-username = guest
amqp-password = guest
amqp-virtualhost = /

eventlog =
    <eventlog>
      level DEBUG
      <logfile>
        formatter zope.exceptions.log.Formatter
        path STDOUT
      </logfile>
    </eventlog>
amqp-server =
    <amqp-server>
      hostname ${:amqp-hostname}
      username ${:amqp-username}
      password ${:amqp-password}
      virtual_host ${:amqp-virtualhost}
    </amqp-server>

content =
    ${:eventlog}
    ${:amqp-server}
    <worker>
      amount 10
      component-configuration ${zcml:path}
    </worker>
    <settings>
      your.custom.settings here
    </settings>

[zcml]
recipe = lovely.recipe:mkfile
path = ${deployment:etc-directory}/queue.zcml
content =
    <configure xmlns="http://namespaces.zope.org/zope">
      <include package="gocept.amqprun" />
      <include package="your.package" />
    </configure>

[app]
recipe = zc.recipe.egg:script
eggs =
   gocept.amqprun
   your.package
   zope.exceptions
arguments = '${config:path}'
scripts = server=app

[server]
recipe = zc.zdaemonrecipe
deployment = deployment
program = ${buildout:bin-directory}/app
[1]It's likely that there will be a special ZCML statement and/or grok support to make registering of handlers easier.

Sending messages

If all you want to do is send messages, you don't have to register any handlers, but can use gocept.amqprun.server.Server.send() directly. While the handlers usually run in their own process, started by the server entrypoint (as described above), if you're just sending messages, you can also skip the extra process and run the gocept.amqprun.server.Server in your original process, in its own thread. Here is some example code to do that:

def start_server(**kw):
    parameters = gocept.amqprun.connection.Parameters(**kw)
    server = gocept.amqprun.server.Server(parameters)
    server_thread = threading.Thread(target=server.start)
    server_thread.daemon = True
    server_thread.start()
    import time
    time.sleep(0.1)
    return server

(When you're using the ZCA, you'll probably want to register the Server as a utility at that point, too, so clients can access it to send messages easily.)

Settings

For application-specific settings gocept.amqprun makes the <settings> section from the configuration available via an ISettings utility:

settings = zope.component.getUtility(
    gocept.amqprun.interfaces.ISettings)
settings.get('your.settings.key')

Limitations

  • Currently all messages are sent and received through the amq.topic exchange. Other exchanges are not supported at the moment.

Interfacing with the file system

Writing

gocept.amqprun provides a quick way to set up a handler that writes incoming messages as individual files to a given directory, using the <amqp:writefiles> ZCML directive. You need the writefiles extra to enable this directive:

<configure xmlns="http://namespaces.zope.org/zope"
           xmlns:amqp="http://namespaces.gocept.com/amqp">

  <include package="gocept.amqprun" file="meta.zcml" />

  <amqp:writefiles
    routing_key="test.data"
    queue_name="test.queue"
    directory="/path/to/output-directory"
    />
</configure>

All messages with routing key 'test.data' would then be written to 'output-directory', two files per message, one containing the body and the other containing the headers (in zope.xmlpickle format). (Note that in the buildout example above, you would need to put the writefiles directive into the [zcml] section, not the [config] section.)

You can specify multiple routing keys separated by spaces:

<amqp:writefiles
  routing_key="test.foo test.bar"
  queue_name="test.queue"
  directory="/path/to/output-directory"
  />

You can configure the way files are named with the pattern parameter, for example:

<amqp:writefiles
  routing_key="test.data"
  queue_name="test.queue"
  directory="/path/to/output-directory"
  pattern="${routing_key}/${date}/${msgid}-${unique}.xml"
  />

pattern performs a string.Template substitution. The following variables are available:

date:The date the message arrived, formatted %Y-%m-%d
msgid:The value of the message-id header
routing_key:The routing key of the message
unique:A token that guarantees the filename will be unique in its directory

The default value for pattern is ${routing_key}-${unique}.

To support zc.buildout, {variable} is accepted as an alternative syntax to ${variable}. (zc.buildout uses ${} for its own substitutions, but unfortunately does not support escaping them.)

If pattern contains slashes, intermediate directories will be created below directory, so in the example, messages would be stored like this:

/path/to/output-directory/example.route/2011-04-07/asdf998-1234098791.xml

Just like the declare decorator, the <amqp:writefiles> ZCML directive also supports an optional arguments parameter that is passed to the AMQP queue_declare call to, e.g., support RabbitMQ mirrored queues:

<amqp:writefiles
  routing_key="test.foo test.bar"
  queue_name="test.queue"
  directory="/path/to/output-directory"
  arguments="
  x-ha-policy = all
  "
  />

Reading

You can also set up a thread to read files from a directory and publish them onto the queue, using the <amqp:readfiles> ZCML directive (the filename will be transmitted in the X-Filename header). You need the readfiles extra to enable this directive:

<configure xmlns="http://namespaces.zope.org/zope"
           xmlns:amqp="http://namespaces.gocept.com/amqp">

  <include package="gocept.amqprun" file="meta.zcml" />

  <amqp:readfiles
    directory="/path/to/input-directory"
    routing_key="test.data"
    />
</configure>

The input-directory is expected to be a Maildir, i.e. files to be read should appear in input-directory/new` which will be polled every second. After the files have been published to the given routing key, they will be moved to ``input-directory/cur.

Development

You can set the AMQP server parameters for running the tests via environment variables:

AMQP_HOSTNAME:default: localhost
AMQP_USERNAME:default: guest
AMQP_PASSWORD:default: guest
AMQP_VIRTUALHOST:
 default: /

The source code is available in the mercurial repository at https://code.gocept.com/hg/public/gocept.amqprun

Please report any bugs you find at https://projects.gocept.com/projects/projects/gocept-amqprun/issues

CHANGES

0.9 (2012-08-31)

  • Introduce optional integration with zope.security: handlers can declare a principal id with which an interaction will be created.
  • Use a separate channel for sending messages that are not a response to a received message.
  • Introduce SETTINGS_LAYER for tests relying on ISettings.

0.8 (2012-04-04)

  • Fix race condition that caused messages to be acknowledged on a different channel than they were received on (#10635).
  • Fix race condition that caused attempts at sending messages before the server was started properly (#10620).

0.7 (2012-03-22)

  • Fix race condition between getting the current channel in the DataManager and switching the current channel in the Server (#10521).
  • Make AMQP server configurable for tests (#9232).

0.6.1 (2012-02-23)

  • Fixed bug in creating references header when parent message has no references (#10478).

0.6 (2012-02-22)

Features

  • Changed FileStoreReader from its own process to a thread that uses gocep.amqprun for sending (previously it used amqplib). Introduced amqp:readfiles ZCML directive. (#10177)
  • Changed filestore extra to readfiles extra.
  • Transmit filename as X-Filename header from amqp:readfiles.
  • Introduced ISender utility.

Bugs

  • Fixed bug with acknowledging messages that was introduced in 0.5 (#10030).

Internal

  • Changed API for MainTestCase from create_reader to start_server.

0.5.1 (2012-01-09)

  • Bugfix to support unicode arguments for queue declaration as pika only supports bytestrings here.
  • Bugfix to make arguments parameter of amqp:writefiles work (#10115).

0.5 (2011-12-08)

General

  • Added writefiles extra to make ZCML directive amqp:writefiles optional.
  • Added filestore extra to make gocept.amqprun.filestore optional.
  • Moved declaration of amqp:writefiles from configure.zcml to meta.zcml.

Features

  • Renamed gocept.amqprun.server.MessageReader into gocept.amqprun.server.Server and added a send method so it can initiate sending of messages.
  • Add support for arguments for queue_declare e.g to support x-ha-policy headers for RabbitMQ mirrored queue deployments (#10036).

Internal

  • Internal API change in server.AMQPDataManager.__init__: the message parameter is now optional, so it was moved to the end of the list of arguments.
  • Use plone.testing for layer infrastructure.

0.4.2 (2011-08-23)

  • Add helper methods for dealing with header files to FileWriter (for #9443).

0.4.1 (2011-08-22)

  • Log Message-ID.

0.4 (2011-07-25)

  • The message id of outgoing messages is set.
  • The correlation id of outgoing messages is set to the incoming message's message id (if set).
  • A custom header references is set to the incoming message's reference header + the incomming message's message id (like References in RFC5322).
  • Fixed broken tests.
  • Allow upper case in settings keys.
  • Extend AMQP server configuration for FileStoreReader to include credentials and virtual host.
  • Allow specifying multiple routing keys (#9326).
  • Allow specifying a filename/path pattern (#9327).
  • The FileWriter stores the headers in addition to the body (#9328).
  • FileWriter sends IMessageStored event (#9335).

0.3 (2011-02-05)

  • Renamed decorator from handle to declare.
  • Added helper method wait_for_response to MainTestCase.
  • Added an IProcessStarting event which is sent during startup.
  • Added the <amqp:writefiles/> directive that sets up a handler that writes incoming messages into files.
  • Added handling of <logger> directives

0.2 (2010-09-14)

  • Added a decorator gocept.amqprun.handler.handle(queue_name, routing_key).

0.1 (2010-08-13)

  • first release.
 
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