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krankshaft 0.2.9

A Web API Framework (with Django, ...)

Latest Version: 0.3.6

A Web API Framework.

Currently only supports Django, but designed to work for other frameworks with some modification. At some point, other framework support will be built in directly.

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Purpose

krankshaft was designed to make the frustrating and unnecessarily complicated parts of Web APIs simple and beautiful by default. It's built in layers that allow the programmer to easily opt-in/out of. From "Expose this model via a web api and handle all the details" to "hands off my API, I'll opt-into the basics as I need them".

krankshaft is meant to be a framework to build Web APIs and grow with your application.

Goals:

  • simple and concise
  • keep the simple things simple
  • enable complex APIs without getting in the way
  • HTTP return codes are important, dont abstract them away
  • fail early
  • performance
  • no global state
  • easily extendable
  • suggests a pattern, but doesnt restrict you to it
  • secure by default

Example

This is just a suggested file structure, there is no limitation here.

In app/apiv1.py:

from django.conf import settings
from krankshaft import API

apiv1 = API('v1', debug=settings.DEBUG)

In app/views.py:

from app.apiv1 import apiv1 as api

@api
def view(request):
    return api.serialize(request, 200, {
        'key': 'value'
    })

At this point, you'll still need to wire up the common routing for your framework. In Django, it looks something like this:

In app/urls.py:

from django.conf.urls import patterns, include, url

urlpatterns += patterns('app.views',
    url('^view/$', 'view'),
)

Resource example

In app/api.py:

from django.conf import settings

api = API('v1', debug=settings.DEBUG)

@api(url='^model/(?P<id>\d+)/$')
class ModelResource(object):
    def get(self, request, id):
        ...

    def put(self, request, id):
        ...

    def delete(self, request, id):
        ...

In app/urls.py:

from django.conf.urls import patterns, include, url
from .api import api

urlpatterns = patterns('',
    url('^api/', include(api.urls)),
)

This enables clients to make GET/PUT/DELETE requests to the endpoint:

/api/v1/model/<id>/

If a POST is made, the client will receive the proper 405 response with the Allow header set to GET, PUT, DELETE.

You can customize resources even more. You can define your own routing scheme:

class ModelResource(object):
    ...
    def route(self, request, id):
        # this is approximately the default
        try:
            view = getattr(self, request.method.lower())

        except AttributeError:
            return api.response(request, 405)

        else:
            return view(request, id)

Or setup urls and multiple routes:

class ModelResource(object):
    ...

    def get_list(self, request):
        ...

    def post_list(self, request):
        ...

    def put_list(self, request):
        ...

    def delete_list(self, request):
        ...

    def query(self, request):
        if request.method != 'POST':
            return api.response(request, 405, Allow='POST')
        ...

    def route(self, suffix, request, *args, **kwargs):
        # this is approximately the default
        try:
            view = getattr(self, request.method.lower() + suffix)

        except AttributeError:
            return api.response(request, 405)

        else:
            return view(request, *args, **kwargs)

    def route_list(self, request):
        return self.route('_list', request)

    def route_object(self, request, id):
        return self.route('', request, id)

    @property
    def urls(self):
        from django.conf.urls import patterns, url
        return patterns('', [
            url(r'^model/$', api.wrap(self.route_list)),
            url(r'^model/query/$', api.wrap(self.query)),
            url(r'^model/(?P<id>\d+)/$', api.wrap(self.route_object)),
        ])

Or (instead of building your own) use the one built in:

from krankshaft.resource import DjangoModelResource
from app.models import Model
from app.api import api

@api
class ModelResource(DjangoModelResource):
    model = Model

This resource implementation should be ideal for _most_ situations, but you're free to reimplement parts or all of it. It's meant only as a pattern you can follow and is not required by the framework at all.

What works

  • simple authentication/authorization schemes (not OAuth at the moment)

  • serialization of primitive types respecting HTTP Accept Header

  • abort (raise-like http response return)

  • throttling

  • resource routing

  • query application (ie: ?field__startswith=something&order_by=field) with pagination support

  • deep data validation

  • Django ORM based Model Resource (with model serialization/deserialization)
    • Optimistic Concurrency Control option (version_field)

Todo

  • auto-documenting based on doc strings (plus bootstrap interactive UI)
  • caching
  • easy-etag support
  • flask support
  • OAuth (1 and 2)

Resources

 
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
krankshaft-0.2.9.tar.gz (md5) Source 2013-12-03 58KB
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