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newrelic_plugin_agent 1.3.0

Python based agent for collecting metrics for NewRelic

NewRelic Plugin Agent
=====================

An agent that polls supported backend systems and submits the results to the
NewRelic platform. Currently supported backend systems are:

- Alternative PHP Cache
- Apache HTTP Server
- CouchDB
- Elasticsearch
- HAProxy
- Memcached
- MongoDB
- Nginx
- pgBouncer
- PHP FPM
- PostgreSQL
- RabbitMQ
- Redis
- Riak
- uWSGI

Base Requirements
-----------------
The agent requires Python 2.6 or 2.7 and ``pip`` for installation. Individual plugin backends may require additional libraries and are detailed below.

Configuration File Note
-----------------------
The configuration file uses YAML as its format. Most tickets for non-working installs are due to configuration file formatting errors. Please make sure you are properly formatting your configuration file prior to submitting a ticket. YAML is a whitespace dependent markup format. More information on writing proper YAML can be found at http://yaml.org.

Installation Instructions
-------------------------
1. Install via ``pip``*:

::

$ pip install newrelic-plugin-agent

* See ``pip`` installation instructions at http://www.pip-installer.org/en/latest/installing.html

2. Copy the configuration file example from ``/opt/newrelic-plugin-agent/newrelic-plugin-agent.cfg`` to ``/etc/newrelic/newrelic-plugin-agent.cfg`` and edit the configuration in that file.

3. Make a ``/var/log/newrelic`` directory and make sure it is writable by the user specified in the configuration file

4. Make a ``/var/run/newrelic`` directory and make sure it is writable by the user specified in the configuration file

5. Run the app:

::

$ newrelic-plugin-agent -c PATH-TO-CONF-FILE [-f]

Where ``-f`` is to run it in the foreground instead of as a daemon.

Sample configuration and init.d scripts are installed to ``/opt/newrelic-plugin-agent`` in addition to a PHP script required for APC monitoring.

Installing Additional Requirements
----------------------------------

To use the MongoDB the ``mongodb`` library is required. For the pgBouncer or PostgreSQL plugin you must install the ``psycopg2`` library. To easily do
this, make sure you have the latest version of ``pip`` installed http://www.pip-installer.org/) This should be done after installing the agent itself:

::

$ pip install newrelic-plugin-agent[mongodb]

or::

$ pip install newrelic-plugin-agent[pgbouncer]

or::

$ pip install newrelic-plugin-agent[postgresql]

If this does not work for you, make sure you are running a recent copy of ``pip`` (>= 1.3).

Plugin Configuration Stanzas
----------------------------
Each plugin can support gathering data from a single or multiple targets. To support multiple targets for a plugin, you create a list of target stanzas:

::

plugin_name:
- name: target_name
host: localhost
foo: bar
- name: target_name
host: localhost
foo: bar

While you can use the multi-target format for a plugin's configuration stanza like:

::

plugin_name:
- name: target_name
host: localhost
foo: bar

You can also use a single mapping like follows:

::

plugin_name:
name: target_name
host: localhost
foo: bar

The fields for plugin configurations can vary due to a plugin's configuration requirements. The name value in each stanza is only required when using multiple targets in a plugin. If it is only a single target, the name will be taken from the server's hostname.

APC Installation Notes
----------------------
Copy the ``apc-nrp.php`` script to a directory that can be served by your web server or ``php-fpm`` application. Edit the ``newrelic-plugin-agent`` configuration to point to the appropriate URL.

Apache HTTPd Installation Notes
-------------------------------
Enable the HTTPd server status page in the default virtual host. The following example configuration snippet for Apache HTTPd 2.2 demonstrates how to do this:

::

<location server-status="">
SetHandler server-status
Order deny,allow
Deny from all
Allow from 127.0.0.1
</location>

For HTTPd 2.4, it should look something like:

::

<location server-status="">
SetHandler server-status
Require ip 127.0.0.1
</location>

The agent requires the extended information to parse metrics. If you are not seeing any metrics on your graphs for Apache verify that you have enabled ``ExtendedStatus``, the default is off so you must enable it. In your global Apache HTTP configuration you need to enable exetended status using:

::

ExtendedStatus On

If you are monitoring Apache HTTPd via a HTTPS connection you can use the ``verify_ssl_cert`` configuration value in the httpd configuration section to disable SSL certificate verification.

Memcached Installation Notes
----------------------------
The memcached plugin can communicate either over UNIX domain sockets using the path configuration variable or TCP/IP using the host and port variables. Do not include both.

MongoDB Installation Notes
--------------------------
You need to install the pymongo driver, either by running ``pip install pymongo`` or by following the "`Installing Additional Requirements`_" above. Each database you wish to collect metrics for must be enumerated in the configuration.

There are two configuration stanza formats for MongoDB. You must use one or the other, they can not be mixed. For non-authenticated polling, you can simply enumate the databases you would like stats from as a list:

::

mongodb:
name: hostname
host: localhost
port: 27017
#admin_username: foo
#admin_password: bar
#ssl: False
#ssl_keyfile: /path/to/keyfile
#ssl_certfile: /path/to/certfile
#ssl_cert_reqs: 0 # Should be 0 for ssl.CERT_NONE, 1 for ssl.CERT_OPTIONAL, 2 for ssl.CERT_REQUIRED
#ssl_ca_certs: /path/to/cacerts file
databases:
- database_name_1
- database_name_2

If your MongoDB server requires authentication, you must provide both admin credentials and database level credentials and the stanza is formatted as a nested array:

::

mongodb:
name: hostname
host: localhost
port: 27017
#admin_username: foo
#admin_password: bar
#ssl: False
#ssl_keyfile: /path/to/keyfile
#ssl_certfile: /path/to/certfile
#ssl_cert_reqs: 0 # Should be 0 for ssl.CERT_NONE, 1 for ssl.CERT_OPTIONAL, 2 for ssl.CERT_REQUIRED
#ssl_ca_certs: /path/to/cacerts file
databases:
database_name_1:
username: foo
password: bar
database_name_2:
username: foo
password: bar

Nginx Installation Notes
------------------------
Enable the Nginx ``stub_status`` setting on the default site in your configuration. The following example configuration snippet for Nginx demonstates how to do this:

::

location /nginx_stub_status {
stub_status on;
allow 127.0.0.1;
deny all;
}

If you are monitoring Nginx via a HTTPS connection you can use the ``verify_ssl_cert`` configuration value in the httpd configuration section to disable SSL certificate verification.

pgBouncer Installation Notes
----------------------------
The user specified must be a stats user.

PostgreSQL Installation Notes
-----------------------------
By default, the specified user must be superuser to get PostgreSQL
directory listings. To skip those checks that require superuser
permissions, use the ``superuser: False`` setting in the configuration
file.

Several of the checks take O(N) time where N is the number of relations
in the database. If you need to use this on a database with a very large
number of relations, you can skip these, using ``relation_stats: False``.

E.g.:

::

postgresql:
host: localhost
port: 5432
user: newrelic
dbname: postgres
password: newrelic
superuser: False
relation_stats: False

RabbitMQ Installation Notes
---------------------------
The user specified must have access to all virtual hosts you wish to monitor and should have either the Administrator tag or the Monitoring tag.

If you are monitoring RabbitMQ via a HTTPS connection you can use the ``verify_ssl_cert`` configuration value in the httpd configuration section to disable SSL certificate verification.

Redis Installation Notes
------------------------
For Redis daemons that are password protected, add the password configuration value, otherwise omit it. The Redis configuration section allows for multiple redis servers. The syntax to poll multiple servers is in the example below.

The Redis plugin can communicate either over UNIX domain sockets using the path configuration variable or TCP/IP using the host and port variables. Do not include both.

Riak Installation Notes
-----------------------
If you are monitoring Riak via a HTTPS connection you can use the ``verify_ssl_cert`` configuration value in the httpd configuration section to disable SSL certificate verification.

UWSGI Installation Notes
------------------------
The UWSGI plugin can communicate either over UNIX domain sockets using the path configuration variable or TCP/IP using the host and port variables. Do not include both.

Make sure you have `enabled stats server
<http: uwsgi-docs.readthedocs.org="" en="" latest="" statsserver.html="">`_ in your uwsgi config.

Configuration Example
---------------------

::

%YAML 1.2
---
Application:
license_key: REPLACE_WITH_REAL_KEY
poll_interval: 60
#newrelic_api_timeout: 10
#proxy: http://localhost:8080

apache_httpd:
- name: hostname1
scheme: http
host: localhost
port: 80
path: /server-status
#verify_ssl_cert: true
- name: hostname2
scheme: http
host: localhost
port: 80
path: /server-status
#verify_ssl_cert: true

couchdb:
- name: localhost
host: localhost
port: 5984
#verify_ssl_cert: true
#username: foo
#password: bar
- name: localhost
host: localhost
port: 5984
#verify_ssl_cert: true
#username: foo
#password: bar

elasticsearch:
name: clustername
host: localhost
port: 9200

haproxy:
name: my-haproxy-server
host: localhost
port: 80
path: /haproxy?stats;csv
scheme: http
#verify_ssl_cert: true
#username: foo
#password: bar

mongodb:
name: hostname
host: localhost
port: 27017
admin_username: foo
admin_password: bar
databases:
database_name_1:
username: foo
password: bar
database_name_2:
username: foo
password: bar

memcached:
- name: localhost
host: localhost
port: 11211
path: /path/to/unix/socket
- name: localhost
host: localhost
port: 11211
path: /path/to/unix/socket

nginx:
- name: hostname
host: localhost
port: 80
path: /nginx_stub_status
#verify_ssl_cert: true
- name: hostname
host: localhost
port: 80
path: /nginx_stub_status
#verify_ssl_cert: true

pgbouncer:
- host: localhost
port: 6000
user: stats

php_apc:
scheme: http
host: localhost
port: 80
path: /apc-nrp.php
#username: foo
#password: bar
#verify_ssl_cert: t

php_fpm:
- name: fpm-pool
scheme: https
host: localhost
port: 443
path: /fpm_status
query: json

postgresql:
- host: localhost
port: 5432
user: postgres
dbname: postgres
superuser: True

rabbitmq:
- name: rabbitmq@localhost
host: localhost
port: 15672
username: guest
password: guest
#verify_ssl_cert: true
api_path: /api

redis:
- name: localhost
host: localhost
port: 6379
db_count: 16
password: foobar
#path: /var/run/redis/redis.sock
- name: localhost
host: localhost
port: 6380
db_count: 16
password: foobar
#path: /var/run/redis/redis.sock

riak:
- name: localhost
host: localhost
port: 8098
#verify_ssl_cert: true

Daemon:
user: newrelic
pidfile: /var/run/newrelic/newrelic-plugin-agent.pid

Logging:
formatters:
verbose:
format: '%(levelname) -10s %(asctime)s %(process)-6d %(processName) -15s %(threadName)-10s %(name) -25s %(funcName) -25s L%(lineno)-6d: %(message)s'
handlers:
file:
class : logging.handlers.RotatingFileHandler
formatter: verbose
filename: /var/log/newrelic/newrelic-plugin-agent.log
maxBytes: 10485760
backupCount: 3
loggers:
newrelic-plugin-agent:
level: INFO
propagate: True
handlers: [console, file]
requests:
level: ERROR
propagate: True
handlers: [console, file]

Troubleshooting
---------------
- If the installation does not install the ``newrelic-plugin-agent`` application in ``/usr/bin`` then it is likely that ``setuptools`` or ``distribute`` is not up to date. The following commands can be run to install ``distribute`` and ``pip`` for installing the application:

::

$ curl http://python-distribute.org/distribute_setup.py | python
$ curl https://raw.github.com/pypa/pip/master/contrib/get-pip.py | python

- If the application installs but doesn't seem to be submitting status, check the logfile which at ``/tmp/newrelic-plugin-agent.log`` if the default example logging configuration is used.
- If the agent starts but dies shortly after ensure that ``/var/log/newrelic`` and ``/var/run/newrelic`` are writable by the same user specified in the daemon section of the configuration file.
- If the agent has died and won't restart, remove any files found in ``/var/run/newrelic/``
- If using the Apache HTTP plugin and your stats are blank, ensure the ExtendedStatus directive is on.
 
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