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pgextras 0.2.0

Unofficial Python port of Heroku's pgextras that provides various statistics for a Postgres instance.

Unofficial Python port of Heroku’s pgextras that provides various statistics for a Postgres instance. The biggest difference of this module is that your Postgres database can be anywhere, not just hosted with Heroku.

Features

Note: pgextras does not format the output as seen in all the examples below. Instead it returns an iterable that contains namedtuples. For example, the “Total Indexes Size” method returns the following:

[
    Record(table='pgbench_accounts', index_size='2208 kB'),
    Record(table='pgbench_tellers', index_size='16 kB'),
    Record(table='pgbench_branches', index_size='16 kB'),
    Record(table='pgbench_history', index_size='0 bytes')
]

It’s up to you on how to format and present the data. The results below are formatted to make it easier to understand the data available to you.

Cache Hit

Calculates your cache hit rate (effective databases are at 99% and up):

| name           |    ratio |
|----------------+----------|
| index hit rate | 0.999888 |
| table hit rate | 0.999696 |

Index Usage

Calculates your index hit rate (effective databases are at 99% and up):

| relname          |   percent_of_times_index_used |   rows_in_table |
|------------------+-------------------------------+-----------------|
| pgbench_history  |                               |          149985 |
| pgbench_accounts |                            99 |          100000 |
| pgbench_tellers  |                            96 |              10 |
| pgbench_branches |                            93 |               1 |

Calls

Show 10 most frequently called queries:

| qry                                     | exec_time      | prop_exec_time | ncalls   | sync_io_time   |
|-----------------------------------------+----------------+----------------+----------+----------------|
| BEGIN;                                  | 0:00:00.140968 | 0.0%           | 414000   | 0:00:00        |
| INSERT INTO pgbench_history (tid, bid.. | 0:00:03.788899 | 0.0%           | 414000   | 0:00:00        |
| SELECT abalance FROM pgbench_accounts.. | 0:00:04.471754 | 0.0%           | 414000   | 0:00:00        |
| UPDATE pgbench_accounts SET abalance .. | 0:00:21.798029 | 0.2%           | 414000   | 0:00:00        |
| END;                                    | 0:00:00.126220 | 0.0%           | 414000   | 0:00:00        |
| UPDATE pgbench_branches SET bbalance .. | 0:30:00.544749 | 15.9%          | 414000   | 0:00:00        |
| UPDATE pgbench_tellers SET tbalance =.. | 2:38:45.396566 | 83.9%          | 414000   | 0:00:00        |
| BEGIN                                   | 0:00:00.002141 | 0.0%           | 212      | 0:00:00        |
| SELECT pid, application_name AS sourc.. | 0:00:00.039576 | 0.0%           | 77       | 0:00:00        |
| SELECT exists( SELECT ? FROM pg_exten.. | 0:00:00.001085 | 0.0%           | 43       | 0:00:00        |

Blocking

Display queries holding locks other queries are waiting to be released:

|   blocked_pid | blocking_statement                                                    | blocking_duration       |   blocking_pid | blocked_statement                                                    | blocked_duration |
|---------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------------+----------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------|------------------|
|          1688 | UPDATE pgbench_tellers SET tbalance = tbalance + -2309 WHERE tid = 9; | 0:00:00.018450          |           1724 | UPDATE pgbench_tellers SET tbalance = tbalance + -816 WHERE tid = 9; | 0:00:00.034656   |

Outliers

Show 10 queries that have longest execution time in aggregate:

| qry                                     | exec_time      | prop_exec_time | ncalls   | sync_io_time   |
|-----------------------------------------+----------------+----------------+----------+----------------|
| UPDATE pgbench_tellers SET tbalance =.. | 2:59:30.137916 | 83.9%          | 467897   | 0:00:00        |
| UPDATE pgbench_branches SET bbalance .. | 0:33:53.945889 | 15.8%          | 467856   | 0:00:00        |
| UPDATE pgbench_accounts SET abalance .. | 0:00:25.384166 | 0.2%           | 467897   | 0:00:00        |
| SELECT abalance FROM pgbench_accounts.. | 0:00:05.086917 | 0.0%           | 467897   | 0:00:00        |
| INSERT INTO pgbench_history (tid, bid.. | 0:00:04.356031 | 0.0%           | 467848   | 0:00:00        |
| vacuum pgbench_branches                 | 0:00:00.336647 | 0.0%           | 17       | 0:00:00        |
| select count(*) from pgbench_accounts ; | 0:00:00.294740 | 0.0%           | 1        | 0:00:00        |
| BEGIN;                                  | 0:00:00.160855 | 0.0%           | 467897   | 0:00:00        |
| END;                                    | 0:00:00.142983 | 0.0%           | 467848   | 0:00:00        |
| SELECT relname, CASE idx_scan WHEN ? .. | 0:00:00.110683 | 0.0%           | 6        | 0:00:00        |

Vacuum Stats

Show dead rows and whether an automatic vacuum is expected to be triggered:

| schema   | table            | last_vacuum      | last_autovacuum   | rowcount   | dead_rowcount   | autovacuum_threshold   |   expect_autovacuum |
|----------+------------------+------------------+-------------------+------------+-----------------+------------------------+---------------------|
| public   | pgbench_tellers  | 2014-04-24 20:02 | 2014-04-24 20:03  | 10         | 0               | 52                     |                     |
| public   | pgbench_branches | 2014-04-24 20:02 | 2014-04-24 20:03  | 1          | 0               | 50                     |                     |
| public   | pgbench_history  | 2014-04-23 20:45 |                   | 15000      | 0               | 3050                  |                     |
| public   | pgbench_accounts | 2014-04-23 20:45 |                   | 100000     | 17581          | 20050                 |                     |

Bloat

Table and index bloat in your database ordered by most wasteful:

| type   | schemaname   | object_name                                    | bloat | waste        |
|--------+--------------+------------------------------------------------+-------+--------------|
| table  | public       | pgbench_accounts                               | 1.3   | 3768 kB      |
| table  | public       | pgbench_tellers                                | 19    | 144 kB       |
| table  | public       | pgbench_branches                               | 8     | 56 kB        |

Long Running Queries

Show all queries running longer than five minutes by descending duration:

| pid   |    duration     |                                      query                                           |
|-------+-----------------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 19578 | 02:29:11.200129 | EXPLAIN SELECT  "students".* FROM "students" WHERE "students"."id" = 1450645 LIMIT 1 |
| 19465 | 02:26:05.542653 | EXPLAIN SELECT  "students".* FROM "students" WHERE "students"."id" = 1889881 LIMIT 1 |
| 19632 | 02:24:46.962818 | EXPLAIN SELECT  "students".* FROM "students" WHERE "students"."id" = 1581884 LIMIT 1 |

Sequence Scans

Show the count of sequential scans by table descending by order:

| name             |   count |
|------------------+---------|
| pgbench_branches |   57086 |
| pgbench_tellers  |   15595 |
| pgbench_accounts |       2 |
| pgbench_history  |       0 |

Unused Indexes

Show unused and almost unused indexes, ordered by their size relative to the number of index scans. Exclude indexes of very small tables (less than 5 pages), where the planner will almost invariably select a sequential scan, but may not in the future as the table grows:

| table               |                       index                | index_size | index_scans |
|---------------------+--------------------------------------------+------------+-------------|
| public.grade_levels | index_placement_attempts_on_grade_level_id | 97 MB      |           0 |
| public.observations | observations_attrs_grade_resources         | 33 MB      |           0 |
| public.messages     | user_resource_id_idx                       | 12 MB      |           0 |

Total Table Size

Show the size of the tables (including indexes), descending by size:

| name             | size    |
|------------------+---------|
| pgbench_accounts | 18 MB   |
| pgbench_history  | 2904 kB |
| pgbench_tellers  | 272 kB  |
| pgbench_branches | 256 kB  |

Total Indexes Size

Show the total size of all the indexes on each table, descending by size:

| table            | index_size   |
|------------------+--------------|
| pgbench_accounts | 2208 kB      |
| pgbench_tellers  | 16 kB        |
| pgbench_branches | 16 kB        |
| pgbench_history  | 0 bytes      |

Table Size

Show the size of the tables (excluding indexes), descending by size:

| name             | size    |
|------------------+---------|
| pgbench_accounts | 16 MB   |
| pgbench_history  | 2904 kB |
| pgbench_tellers  | 256 kB  |
| pgbench_branches | 240 kB  |

Index Size

Show the size of indexes, descending by size:

| name                  | size    |
|-----------------------+---------|
| pgbench_accounts_pkey | 2208 kB |
| pgbench_tellers_pkey  | 16 kB   |
| pgbench_branches_pkey | 16 kB   |

Total Index Size

Show the total size of all indexes:

| size    |
|---------|
| 2240 kB |

Locks

Display queries with active locks:

| procpid | relname | transactionid | granted |     query_snippet     |       age
|---------+---------+---------------+---------+-----------------------+-----------------
| 31776   |         |               | t       | <IDLE> in transaction | 00:19:29.837898
| 31776   |         |          1294 | t       | <IDLE> in transaction | 00:19:29.837898
| 31912   |         |               | t       | select * from hello;  | 00:19:17.94259
| 3443    |         |               | t       |                      +| 00:00:00
|         |         |               |         | select               +|
|         |         |               |         | pg_stat_activi        |

Table Indexes Size

Show the total size of all the indexes on each table, descending by size:

| table            | index_size   |
|------------------+--------------|
| pgbench_accounts | 2208 kB      |
| pgbench_tellers  | 16 kB        |
| pgbench_branches | 16 kB        |
| pgbench_history  | 0 bytes      |

PS

View active queries with execution time:

|   pid | source   | running_for             |   waiting | query                                                                    |
|-------+----------+-------------------------+-----------+--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 28023 | pgbench  | 0:00:00.107013          |         0 | UPDATE pgbench_accounts SET abalance = abalance + 423 WHERE aid = 10736; |
| 28018 | pgbench  | 0:00:00.017257          |         0 | END;                                                                     |
| 28015 | pgbench  | 0:00:00.001055          |         1 | UPDATE pgbench_branches SET bbalance = bbalance + -4203 WHERE bid = 1;   |

Version

Get the Postgres server version:

| version                                                                                                                           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| PostgreSQL 9.3.3 on x86_64-apple-darwin13.0.0, compiled by Apple LLVM version 5.0 (clang-500.2.79) (based on LLVM 3.3svn), 64-bit |

History

0.2.0 (2014-05-06)
  • Added a CLI option. Original idea for this came from Marek Wywiał.
  • Remove commas from integer output so no additional parsing is needed if someone wants to store the results.
  • Make API more consistent by not raising an exception when the “pg_stat_statement” module is not installed. Instead a list with a single namedtuple containing the error message is returned.
0.1.1 (2014-05-01)
  • updated documentation
  • increased test coverage
0.1.0 (2014-04-25)
  • First release on PyPI.
 
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
pgextras-0.2.0.tar.gz (md5) Source 2014-05-06 14KB
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