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plone.namedfile 2.0.1

File types and fields for images, files and blob files with filenames

Latest Version: 3.0.0

Introduction

This package contains fields and wrapper objects for storing:

  • A file with a filename
  • An image with a filename

Blob-based and non-blob-based types are provided. The blob-based types require the ZODB3 package to be at version 3.8.1 or later, and BLOBs to be configured in zope.conf.

plone.supermodel handlers are registered if plone.supermodel is installed. The [supermodel] extra will ensure this.

See the usage.txt doctest for more details.

Note: This packages is licensed under a BSD license. Contributors, please do not add dependencies on GPL code.

Changelog

2.0.1 (2013-01-17)

  • Add direction parameter support in scaling (was ignored in tag and scale functions). Now calling tag function with parameter direction='down' crops the image. direction='thumbnail' by default so default behaviour remains the same. [jriboux]

2.0 (2012-08-29)

  • Move file and image value implementations here instead of extending the ones from zope.app.file and z3c.blobfile. This helps tame a mess of dependencies. [davisagli]
  • The blob-based file and image implementations are now always available. (But they will only work if Zope is using a storage with blob support.) [davisagli]
  • Add support for HEAD requests to @@images view [anthonygerrard]
  • Add hook to override headers in subclasses of file download view [anthonygerrard]
  • Don't set filename in header if filename contains non ascii chars. [do3cc]
  • Adding Dexterity Image caused TypeError if jpeg file contained corrupt metadata. Closes http://dev.plone.org/ticket/12753. [patch by joka, applied by kleist]

1.0.6 - 2011-10-18

  • Fix test failure. [davisagli]
  • Fix bug in producing tag for a scale on an item with a unicode title [tomster]

1.0.5 - 2011-09-24

  • Make the download view respect custom read permissions for the field being downloaded, rather than only checking the view permission for the object as a whole. [davisagli]

1.0.4 - 2011-08-21

  • Fix bug in producing tag for a scale on an item whose title has non-ASCII characters. [davisagli]
  • Make sure image scales of allowed attributes can be accessed on disallowed containers. [davisagli]
  • Add unit tests for safe_filename, since not exercised within this module. (should be moved to plone.formwidget.namedfile?) [lentinj]

1.0.2 - 2011-05-19

  • Don't omit empty string attributes from ImageScale tag. [elro]

1.0.1 - 2011-05-19

  • In the tag method of ImageScale to allow height/width/alt/title to be omitted when they are supplied as a None argument. [elro]
  • In marshalled file fields, encode the filename parameter of the Content-Disposition header in accordance with RFC 2231. This ensures that filenames with non-ASCII characters can be successfully demarshalled. [davisagli]
  • Make the various file classes be strict about only accepting unicode filenames. [davisagli]

1.0 - 2011-04-30

  • Use unique urls for accessing the original scale. [elro]
  • Avoid Content-Disposition for image scales. [elro]

1.0b8 - 2011-04-12

  • Declare dependency on plone.rfc822 >= 1.0b2 (for IPrimaryField). [davisagli]
  • Add a @@display-file view which doesn't set Content-Disposition, so we don't force download of images, for example. [lentinj]

1.0b7 - 2011-03-22

  • Support getting the original size as a scale. [elro]
  • Add tag() method to scaling view. [elro]
  • Scaling: quote values of extra tag attributes. [elro]

1.0b6 - 2011-02-11

  • Add primary field support to @@download and @@images views. [elro]
  • Add getAvailableSizes and getImageSize to the @@images view. [elro]

1.0b5 - 2010-04-19

  • Add support for scaled images. See usage.txt for details. [davisagli]
  • Fix the field schemata so they can be used as the form schema when adding the field using plone.schemaeditor. [rossp]

1.0b4 - 2009-11-17

  • Avoid using the internal _current_filename() helper, which disappeared in ZODB 3.9. [optilude]
  • Add field factories for plone.schemaeditor (only installed if plone.schemaeditor is available) [davisagli]

1.0b3 - 2009-10-08

  • Add plone.rfc822 field marshaler (only installed if plone.rfc822 is available) [optilude]

1.0b2 - 2009-09-17

  • Add plone.supermodel import/export handlers (only installed if plone.supermodel is available). [optilude]

1.0b1 - 2009-05-30

  • Make z3c.blobfile (and blobs in general) a soft dependency. You'll need to separately depend on z3c.blobfile (and probably pin it to versio 0.1.2) to get the NamedBlobFile and NamedBlobImage fields. This means that plone.namedfile can be used with ZODB versions that do not support BLOBs. This policy will probably be revisited for a 2.0 release. [optilude]

1.0a1 - 2009-04-17

  • Initial release

Usage

This demonstrates how to use the package.

Test setup

We must first load the package's ZCML.

>>> configuration = """\
... <configure
...      xmlns="http://namespaces.zope.org/zope"
...      i18n_domain="plone.namedfile.tests">
...
...     <include package="plone.namedfile" />
...
... </configure>
... """
>>> from StringIO import StringIO
>>> from zope.configuration import xmlconfig
>>> xmlconfig.xmlconfig(StringIO(configuration))

Schema fields

The following schema fields can be used to describe file data. We'll only test the BLOB versions of the fields if z3c.blobfile is installed.

>>> from zope.interface import Interface
>>> from plone.namedfile import field
>>> class IFileContainer(Interface):
...     simple = field.NamedFile(title=u"Named file")
...     image = field.NamedImage(title=u"Named image file")
...     blob = field.NamedBlobFile(title=u"Named blob file")
...     blobimage = field.NamedBlobImage(title=u"Named blob image file")

These store data with the following types.

>>> from zope.interface import implements
>>> from plone import namedfile
>>> class FileContainer(object):
...     implements(IFileContainer)
...     __allow_access_to_unprotected_subobjects__ = 1
...     def __init__(self):
...         self.simple = namedfile.NamedFile()
...         self.image = namedfile.NamedImage()
...         self.blob = namedfile.NamedBlobFile()
...         self.blobimage = namedfile.NamedBlobImage()

File data and content type

Let's now show how to get and set file data.

The FileContainer class creates empty objects to start with.

>>> container = FileContainer()
>>> container.simple.data
''
>>> container.simple.contentType
''
>>> container.simple.filename is None
True
>>> container.image.data
''
>>> container.image.contentType
''
>>> container.image.filename is None
True
>>> container.blob.data
''
>>> container.blob.contentType
''
>>> container.blob.filename is None
True
>>> container.blobimage.data
''
>>> container.blobimage.contentType
''
>>> container.blobimage.filename is None
True

Let's now set some actual data in these files. Notice how the constructor will attempt to guess the filename from the file extension.

>>> container.simple = namedfile.NamedFile('dummy test data', filename=u"test.txt")
>>> container.simple.data
'dummy test data'
>>> container.simple.contentType
'text/plain'
>>> container.simple.filename
u'test.txt'
>>> container.blob = namedfile.NamedBlobFile('dummy test data', filename=u"test.txt")
>>> container.blob.data
'dummy test data'
>>> container.blob.contentType
'text/plain'
>>> container.blob.filename
u'test.txt'

Let's also try to read a GIF, courtesy of the zope.app.file tests:

>>> zptlogo = (
...     'GIF89a\x10\x00\x10\x00\xd5\x00\x00\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xfc\xfd\xfd'
...     '\xfa\xfb\xfc\xf7\xf9\xfa\xf5\xf8\xf9\xf3\xf6\xf8\xf2\xf5\xf7\xf0\xf4\xf6'
...     '\xeb\xf1\xf3\xe5\xed\xef\xde\xe8\xeb\xdc\xe6\xea\xd9\xe4\xe8\xd7\xe2\xe6'
...     '\xd2\xdf\xe3\xd0\xdd\xe3\xcd\xdc\xe1\xcb\xda\xdf\xc9\xd9\xdf\xc8\xd8\xdd'
...     '\xc6\xd7\xdc\xc4\xd6\xdc\xc3\xd4\xda\xc2\xd3\xd9\xc1\xd3\xd9\xc0\xd2\xd9'
...     '\xbd\xd1\xd8\xbd\xd0\xd7\xbc\xcf\xd7\xbb\xcf\xd6\xbb\xce\xd5\xb9\xcd\xd4'
...     '\xb6\xcc\xd4\xb6\xcb\xd3\xb5\xcb\xd2\xb4\xca\xd1\xb2\xc8\xd0\xb1\xc7\xd0'
...     '\xb0\xc7\xcf\xaf\xc6\xce\xae\xc4\xce\xad\xc4\xcd\xab\xc3\xcc\xa9\xc2\xcb'
...     '\xa8\xc1\xca\xa6\xc0\xc9\xa4\xbe\xc8\xa2\xbd\xc7\xa0\xbb\xc5\x9e\xba\xc4'
...     '\x9b\xbf\xcc\x98\xb6\xc1\x8d\xae\xbaFgs\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00'
...     '\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00'
...     '\x00,\x00\x00\x00\x00\x10\x00\x10\x00\x00\x06z@\x80pH,\x12k\xc8$\xd2f\x04'
...     '\xd4\x84\x01\x01\xe1\xf0d\x16\x9f\x80A\x01\x91\xc0ZmL\xb0\xcd\x00V\xd4'
...     '\xc4a\x87z\xed\xb0-\x1a\xb3\xb8\x95\xbdf8\x1e\x11\xca,MoC$\x15\x18{'
...     '\x006}m\x13\x16\x1a\x1f\x83\x85}6\x17\x1b $\x83\x00\x86\x19\x1d!%)\x8c'
...     '\x866#\'+.\x8ca`\x1c`(,/1\x94B5\x19\x1e"&*-024\xacNq\xba\xbb\xb8h\xbeb'
...     '\x00A\x00;'
...     )
>>> container.image = namedfile.NamedImage(zptlogo, filename=u"zpt.gif")
>>> container.image.data == zptlogo
True
>>> container.image.contentType
'image/gif'
>>> container.image.filename
u'zpt.gif'
>>> container.blobimage = namedfile.NamedBlobImage(zptlogo, filename=u"zpt.gif")
>>> container.blobimage.data == zptlogo
True
>>> container.blobimage.contentType
'image/gif'
>>> container.blobimage.filename
u'zpt.gif'

Note that is possible for force the mimetype:

>>> container.image = namedfile.NamedImage(zptlogo, contentType='image/foo', filename=u"zpt.gif")
>>> container.image.data == zptlogo
True
>>> container.image.contentType
'image/foo'
>>> container.image.filename
u'zpt.gif'
>>> container.blobimage = namedfile.NamedBlobImage(zptlogo, contentType='image/foo', filename=u"zpt.gif")
>>> container.blobimage.data == zptlogo
True
>>> container.blobimage.contentType
'image/foo'
>>> container.blobimage.filename
u'zpt.gif'

The filename must be set to a unicode string, not a bytestring:

>>> container.image.filename = 'foo'
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
WrongType: ('foo', <type 'unicode'>, 'filename')

Download view

This package also comes with a view that can be used to download files. This will set Content-Disposition to ensure the browser downloads the file rather than displaying it. To use it, link to ../context-object/@@download/fieldname, where fieldname is the name of the attribute on the context-object where the named file is stored.

We will test this with a dummy request, faking traversal.

>>> from plone.namedfile.browser import Download
>>> from zope.publisher.browser import TestRequest
>>> request = TestRequest()
>>> download = Download(container, request).publishTraverse(request, 'simple')
>>> download()
'dummy test data'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Length')
'15'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Type')
'text/plain'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Disposition')
'attachment; filename="test.txt"'
>>> request = TestRequest()
>>> download = Download(container, request).publishTraverse(request, 'blob')
>>> data = download()
>>> isinstance(data, file)
True
>>> data.read()
'dummy test data'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Length')
'15'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Type')
'text/plain'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Disposition')
'attachment; filename="test.txt"'
>>> request = TestRequest()
>>> download = Download(container, request).publishTraverse(request, 'image')
>>> download() == zptlogo
True
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Length')
'341'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Type')
'image/foo'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Disposition')
'attachment; filename="zpt.gif"'
>>> request = TestRequest()
>>> download = Download(container, request).publishTraverse(request, 'blobimage')
>>> data = download()
>>> isinstance(data, file)
True
>>> data.read() == zptlogo
True
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Length')
'341'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Type')
'image/foo'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Disposition')
'attachment; filename="zpt.gif"'

Display-file view

This package also comes with a view that can be used to display files in the browser. To use it, link to ../context-object/@@display-file/fieldname, where fieldname is the name of the attribute on the context-object where the named file is stored.

We will test this with a dummy request, faking traversal.

>>> from plone.namedfile.browser import DisplayFile
>>> from zope.publisher.browser import TestRequest
>>> request = TestRequest()
>>> display_file = DisplayFile(container, request).publishTraverse(request, 'simple')
>>> display_file()
'dummy test data'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Length')
'15'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Type')
'text/plain'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Disposition')
>>> request = TestRequest()
>>> display_file = DisplayFile(container, request).publishTraverse(request, 'blob')
>>> data = display_file()
>>> isinstance(data, file)
True
>>> data.read()
'dummy test data'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Length')
'15'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Type')
'text/plain'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Disposition')
>>> request = TestRequest()
>>> display_file = DisplayFile(container, request).publishTraverse(request, 'image')
>>> display_file() == zptlogo
True
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Length')
'341'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Type')
'image/foo'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Disposition')
>>> request = TestRequest()
>>> display_file = DisplayFile(container, request).publishTraverse(request, 'blobimage')
>>> data = display_file()
>>> isinstance(data, file)
True
>>> data.read() == zptlogo
True
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Length')
'341'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Type')
'image/foo'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Disposition')

Specifying the primary field

To use the @@download view without specifying the field in the URL, the primary field information must be registered with an adapter. (Frameworks such as plone.dexterity may already have done this for you.)

>>> from plone.rfc822.interfaces import IPrimaryFieldInfo
>>> from zope.component import adapts
>>> class FieldContainerPrimaryFieldInfo(object):
...     implements(IPrimaryFieldInfo)
...     adapts(IFileContainer)
...     fieldname = 'simple'
...     field = IFileContainer['simple']
...     def __init__(self, context):
...         self.value = context.simple
>>> from zope.component import getSiteManager
>>> components = getSiteManager()
>>> components.registerAdapter(FieldContainerPrimaryFieldInfo)

We will test this with a dummy request, faking traversal.

>>> request = TestRequest()
>>> download = Download(container, request)
>>> download()
'dummy test data'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Length')
'15'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Type')
'text/plain'
>>> request.response.getHeader('Content-Disposition')
'attachment; filename="test.txt"'

Image scales

This package can handle the creation, storage, and retrieval of arbitrarily sized scaled versions of images stored in NamedImage or NamedBlobImage fields.

Image scales are accessed via an @@images view that is available for any item providing plone.namedfile.interfaces.IImageScaleTraversable. There are several ways that you may reference scales from page templates.

  1. for full control you may do the tag generation explicitly:

    <img tal:define="scales context/@@images;
                     thumbnail python: scales.scale('image', width=64, height=64);"
         tal:condition="thumbnail"
         tal:attributes="src thumbnail/url;
                         width thumbnail/width;
                         height thumbnail/height" />
    

    This would create an up to 64 by 64 pixel scaled down version of the image stored in the "image" field. It also allows for passing in additional parameters support by plone.scale's scaleImage function, e.g. direction or quality.

  2. for automatic tag generation with extra parameters you would use:

    <img tal:define="scale context/@@images"
         tal:replace="structure python: scale.scale('image',
                      width=1200, height=800, direction='down').tag()" />
    
  3. It is possible to access scales via predefined named scale sizes, rather than hardcoding the dimensions every time you access a scale. The scale sizes are found via calling a utility providing plone.namedfile.interfaces.IAvailableSizes, which should return a dict of scale name => (width, height). A scale called 'mini' could then be accessed like this:

    <img tal:define="scale context/@@images"
         tal:replace="structure python: scale.scale('image',
                      scale='mini').tag()" />
    

    This would use the predefined scale size "mini" to determine the desired image dimensions, but still allow to pass in extra parameters.

  4. a convenience short-cut for option 3 can be used:

    <img tal:replace="structure context/@@images/image/mini" />
    
  5. and lastly, the short-cut can also be used to render the unscaled image:

    <img tal:replace="structure context/@@images/image" />
    
 
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