skip to navigation
skip to content

Not Logged In

premailer 2.1.0

Turns CSS blocks into style attributes

Latest Version: 2.9.6



Turns CSS blocks into style attributes

When you send HTML emails you can't used style tags but instead you
have to put inline `style` attributes on every element. So from this::

<style type="text/css">
h1 { border:1px solid black }
p { color:red;}
<h1 style="font-weight:bolder">Peter</h1>

You want this::

<h1 style="font-weight:bolder; border:1px solid black">Peter</h1>
<p style="color:red">Hej</p>

premailer does this. It parses an HTML page, looks up `style` blocks
and parses the CSS. It then uses the `lxml.html` parser to modify the
DOM tree of the page accordingly.

Getting started

If you havena't already done so, install `premailer` first::

$ pip install premailer

Next, the most basic use is to use the shortcut function, like this::

>>> from premailer import transform
>>> print transform("""
... <html>
... <style type="text/css">
... h1 { border:1px solid black }
... p { color:red;}
... p::first-letter { float:left; }
... </style>
... <h1 style="font-weight:bolder">Peter</h1>
... <p>Hej</p>
... </html>
... """)
<h1 style="font-weight:bolder; border:1px solid black">Peter</h1>
<p style="color:red">Hej</p>

For more advanced options, check out the code of the `Premailer` class
and all its options in its constructor.

You can also use premailer from the command line by using his main module.

$ python -m premailer -h
usage: python -m premailer [options]

optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-f [INFILE], --file [INFILE]
Specifies the input file. The default is stdin.
-o [OUTFILE], --output [OUTFILE]
Specifies the output file. The default is stdout.
--base-url BASE_URL
--remove-internal-links PRESERVE_INTERNAL_LINKS
Remove links that start with a '#' like anchors.
Pseudo classes like p:last-child', p:first-child, etc
Do not delete <style></style> tags from the html
All wildcard selectors like '* {color: black}' will be
--remove-classes Remove all class attributes from all elements
--strip-important Remove '!important' for all css declarations.
--disable-basic-attributes Disable provided basic attributes (comma separated)

A basic example:

$ python -m premailer --base-url= -f newsletter.html
<head><style>.heading { color:red; }</style></head>
<body><h1 class="heading" style="color:red"><a href="">Title</a></h1></body>

The command line interface supports standard input.

$ echo '<style>.heading { color:red; }</style><h1 class="heading"><a href="/">Title</a></h1>' | python -m premailer --base-url=
<head><style>.heading { color:red; }</style></head>
<body><h1 class="heading" style="color:red"><a href="">Title</a></h1></body>

Turning relative URLs into absolute URLs

Another thing premailer can do for you is to turn relative URLs (e.g.
"/some/page.html" into ""). It
does this to all `href` and `src` attributes that don't have a `://`
part in it. For example, turning this::

<a href="/">Home</a>
<a href="page.html">Page</a>
<a href="">External</a>
<img src="/folder/">Folder</a>

Into this::

<a href="">Home</a>
<a href="">Page</a>
<a href="">External</a>
<img src="">Folder</a>

by using `transform('...', base_url='')`.

HTML attributes created additionally

Certain HTML attributes are also created on the HTML if the CSS
contains any ones that are easily translated into HTML attributes. For
example, if you have this CSS: `td { background-color:#eee; }` then
this is transformed into `style="background-color:#eee"` AND as an
HTML attribute `bgcolor="#eee"`.

Having these extra attributes basically as a "back up" for really shit
email clients that can't even take the style attributes. A lot of
professional HTML newsletters such as Amazon's use this.
You can disable some attributes in `disable_basic_attributes`  
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
premailer-2.1.0.tar.gz (md5) Source 2014-04-20 16KB
  • Downloads (All Versions):
  • 1502 downloads in the last day
  • 28345 downloads in the last week
  • 132171 downloads in the last month