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pushjack 1.3.0

Push notifications for APNS (iOS) and GCM (Android).

Push notifications for APNS (iOS) and GCM (Android).


Install using pip:

pip install pushjack

Whether using APNS or GCM, pushjack provides clients for each.


Send notifications using the APNSClient class:

from pushjack import APNSClient

client = APNSClient(certificate='<path/to/certificate.pem>',

token = '<device token>'
alert = 'Hello world.'

# Send to single device.
# NOTE: Keyword arguments are optional.
res = client.send(token,
                  badge='badge count',
                  sound='sound to play',
                  extra={'custom': 'data'})

# Send to multiple devices by passing a list of tokens.
client.send([token], alert, **options)

Access response data.

# List of all tokens sent.

# List of errors as APNSServerError objects

# Dict mapping errors as token => APNSServerError object.

Override defaults for error_timeout, expiration_offset, and batch_size.

            expiration=int(time.time() + 604800),

Send a low priority message.

# The default is low_priority == False
client.send(token, alert, low_priority=True)

Get expired tokens.

expired_tokens = client.get_expired_tokens()

Close APNS connection.


For the APNS sandbox, use APNSSandboxClient instead:

from pushjack import APNSSandboxClient


Send notifications using the GCMClient class:

from pushjack import GCMClient

client = GCMClient(api_key='<api-key>')

registration_id = '<registration id>'
alert = 'Hello world.'
notification = {'title': 'Title', 'body': 'Body', 'icon': 'icon'}

# Send to single device.
# NOTE: Keyword arguments are optional.
res = client.send(registration_id,

# Send to multiple devices by passing a list of ids.
client.send([registration_id], alert, **options)

Alert can also be be a dictionary with data fields.

alert = {'message': 'Hello world', 'custom_field': 'Custom Data'}

Alert can also contain the notification payload.

alert = {'message': 'Hello world', 'notification': notification}

Send a low priority message.

# The default is low_priority == False
client.send(registration_id, alert, low_priority=True)

Access response data.

# List of requests.Response objects from GCM Server.

# List of messages sent.

# List of registration ids sent.

# List of server response data from GCM.

# List of successful registration ids.

# List of failed registration ids.

# List of exceptions.

# List of canonical ids (registration ids that have changed).

For more details, please see the full documentation at


v1.3.0 (2017-03-11)

  • apns: Optimize reading from APNS Feedback so that the number of bytes read are based on header and token lengths.
  • apns: Explicitly close connection to APNS Feedback service after reading data.
  • apns: Add support for mutable-content field (Apple Notification Service Extension) via mutable_content argument to APNSClient.send(). Thanks Ahmed Khedr!
  • apns: Add support for thread-id field (group identifier in Notification Center) via thread_id argument to APNSClient.send(). Thanks Ahmed Khedr!

v1.2.1 (2015-12-14)

  • apns: Fix implementation of empty APNS notifications and allow notifications with {"aps": {}} to be sent. Thanks Julius Seporaitis!

v1.2.0 (2015-12-04)

  • gcm: Add support for priority field to GCM messages via low_priority keyword argument. Default behavior is for all messages to be "high" priority. This is the opposite of GCM messages but mirrors the behavior in the APNS module where the default priority is "high".

v1.1.0 (2015-10-22)

  • gcm: Add support for notification field to GCM messages.
  • gcm: Replace registration_ids field with to field when sending to a single recipient since registration_ids field has been deprecated for single recipients.

v1.0.1 (2015-05-07)

  • gcm: Fix incorrect authorization header in GCM client. Thanks Brad Montgomery!

v1.0.0 (2015-04-28)

  • apns: Add APNSSandboxClient for sending notifications to APNS sandbox server.

  • apns: Add message attribute to APNSResponse.

  • pushjack: Add internal logging.

  • apns: Fix APNS error checking to properly handle reading when no data returned.

  • apns: Make APNS sending stop during iteration if a fatal error is received from APNS server (e.g. invalid topic, invalid payload size, etc).

  • apns/gcm: Make APNS and GCM clients maintain an active connection to server.

  • apns: Make APNS always return APNSResponse object instead of only raising APNSSendError when errors encountered. (breaking change)

  • apns/gcm: Remove APNS/GCM module send functions and only support client interfaces. (breaking change)

  • apns: Remove config argument from APNSClient and use individual method parameters as mapped below instead: (breaking change)

    • APNS_ERROR_TIMEOUT => default_error_timeout
    • APNS_DEFAULT_EXPIRATION_OFFSET => default_expiration_offset
    • APNS_DEFAULT_BATCH_SIZE => default_batch_size
  • gcm: Remove config argument from GCMClient and use individual method parameters as mapped below instead: (breaking change)

    • GCM_API_KEY => api_key
  • pushjack: Remove pushjack.clients module. (breaking change)

  • pushjack: Remove pushjack.config module. (breaking change)

  • gcm: Rename GCMResponse.payloads to GCMResponse.messages. (breaking change)

v0.5.0 (2015-04-22)

  • apns: Add new APNS configuration value APNS_DEFAULT_BATCH_SIZE and set to 100.
  • apns: Add batch_size parameter to APNS send that can be used to override APNS_DEFAULT_BATCH_SIZE.
  • apns: Make APNS send batch multiple notifications into a single payload. Previously, individual socket writes were performed for each token. Now, socket writes are batched based on either the APNS_DEFAULT_BATCH_SIZE configuration value or the batch_size function argument value.
  • apns: Make APNS send resume sending from after the failed token when an error response is received.
  • apns: Make APNS send raise an APNSSendError when one or more error responses received. APNSSendError contains an aggregation of errors, all tokens attempted, failed tokens, and successful tokens. (breaking change)
  • apns: Replace priority argument to APNS send with low_priority=False. (breaking change)

v0.4.0 (2015-04-15)

  • apns: Improve error handling in APNS so that errors aren’t missed.
  • apns: Improve handling of APNS socket connection during bulk sending so that connection is re-established when lost.
  • apns: Make APNS socket read/writes non-blocking.
  • apns: Make APNS socket frame packing easier to grok.
  • apns/gmc: Remove APNS and GCM send_bulk function. Modify send to support bulk notifications. (breaking change)
  • apns: Remove APNS_MAX_NOTIFICATION_SIZE as config option.
  • gcm: Remove GCM_MAX_RECIPIENTS as config option.
  • gcm: Remove request argument from GCM send function. (breaking change)
  • apns: Remove sock argument from APNS send function. (breaking change)
  • gcm: Return namedtuple for GCM canonical ids.
  • apns: Return namedtuple class for APNS expired tokens.

v0.3.0 (2015-04-01)

  • gcm: Add restricted_package_name and dry_run fields to GCM sending.

  • gcm: Add exceptions for all GCM server error responses.

  • apns: Make apns.get_expired_tokens and APNSClient.get_expired_tokens accept an optional sock argument to provide a custom socket connection.

  • apns: Raise APNSAuthError instead of APNSError if certificate file cannot be read.

  • apns: Raise APNSInvalidPayloadSizeError instead of APNSDataOverflow. (breaking change)

  • apns: Raise APNSInvalidTokenError instead of APNSError.

  • gcm: Raise GCMAuthError if GCM_API_KEY is not set.

  • pushjack: Rename several function parameters: (breaking change)

    • gcm: alert to data
    • gcm: token/tokens to registration_id/registration_ids
    • gcm: Dispatcher/dispatcher to GCMRequest/request
    • Clients: registration_id to device_id
  • gcm: Return GCMResponse object for GCMClient.send/send_bulk. (breaking change)

  • gcm: Return requests.Response object(s) for gcm.send/send_bulk. (breaking change)

v0.2.2 (2015-03-30)

  • apns: Fix payload key assigments for title-loc, title-loc-args, and launch-image. Previously, '_' was used in place of '-'.

v0.2.1 (2015-03-28)

  • apns: Fix incorrect variable reference in apns.receive_feedback.

v0.2.0 (2015-03-28)

  • pushjack: Fix handling of config in clients when config is a class object and subclass of Config.
  • apns: Make apns.send/send_bulk accept additional alert fields: title, title-loc, title-loc-args, and launch-image.
  • gcm: Make gcm.send/send_bulk raise a GCMError exception if GCM_API_KEY is not set.
  • gcm: Make gcm payload creation cast data to dict if isn’t not passed in as one. Original value of data is then set to {'message': data}. (breaking change)
  • gcm: Make gcm payload creation not set defaults for optional keyword arguments. (breaking change)

v0.1.0 (2015-03-26)

  • pushjack: Rename pushjack.settings module to pushjack.config. (breaking change)
  • apns/gcm: Allow config settings overrides to be passed into create_gcm_config, create_apns_config, and create_apns_sandbox_config.
  • pushjack: Override Config’s update() method with custom method that functions similarly to from_object() except that it accepts a dict instead.

v0.0.1 (2015-03-25)

  • First release.
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
pushjack-1.3.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (md5) Python Wheel py2.py3 2017-03-12 24KB