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pyitect 0.5.2

A Simple system for structuring a modeler project architecture via plugin like modules, uses the new importlib abilities first avalible in python 3.4

Latest Version: 1.0.1

A architect inspired plugin framework for Python 3.4+ (3.4+ is required because of the use of the new import lib abilities)

What is a Plugin?

a plugin to pyitect is simply a folder with a .json file of the same name inside

/Im-A-Plugin
    Im-A-Plugin.json
    file.py

A plugin has a name, a version, an author, a .py file, and it provides Components used to build your aplication. components are simply names in the module’s namespace after the file is imported

a plugin’s json file provides information about the plugin as well as lists components it provides and components it needs on load

here’s an example, all feilds are manditory but the consumes and provides CAN be left as empty containers, but then the plugin would be useless would it not? not providing components and all?

{
    "name": "Im-A-Plugin",
    "author": "Ryex",
    "version": "0.0.1",
    "file" : "file.py",
    "consumes": {
        "foo" : ""
    },
    "provides": {
        "Bar": ""
    }
}

Version Requierments

a plugin can provid version requierments for the components it’s importing

a version string is formated like so

plugin_name:version_requierments

both parts are optional and an empty stirng or a string contaiing only an ‘*’ means no requierment a version requierment can include logical operators to get version greater than or less than the spesifiyed value, you can evem select ranges

here are some examples

""  // no requierment
"*" // no requierment
"FooPlugin" // from this plugin and no other, but any version
"FooPlugin:*" // from this plugin and no other, but any version
"FooPlugin:1" // from this plugin and no other, verison 1.x.x
"FooPlugin:1.0" // 1.0.x
"FooPlugin:1.0.1" // version 1.0.1 or any post releace
"FooPlugin:1.0.1-pre123" // 1.0.1-pre123 -> this exact version
"FooPlugin:1.0.1.1" // oh did I mention that your version strings can basicly go on forever? chouse your own style!
"FooPlugin:1.2" // 1.2.x and any pre/post/dev releace
"FooPlugin:>1.0" // greater than 1.0
"FooPlugin:>=1.2.3" // greater than or equal to 1.2.3
"FooPlugin:<=2.1.4" // less than or equal to 2.1.4
"FooPlugin:>1.0 <2.3" // greater than 1.0 and less than 2.3
"FooPlugin:1.0.5 - 2.4.5" // between 1.0.5 and 2.3.x inclusive
"FooPlugin:1.0 || 2.5.1" // either 1.0.x or 2.5.1
"FooPlugin:1.0 || 2.3.3 - 3.1.0 || >=4.3 <5.2.6-pre25" // get real complicated, cause you know, you might need it.

pyitect uses parse_version from the pkg_resources module (part of setuptools) to turn version strings into tuples that are then compaired lexagraphicaly so any version string system that works with setuptools works here

learn more from the parse_version docs

Letting plugins access consumed Components

inside your plugin files you need to get acess to your consumed components right? heres how you do it

#file.py
from PyitectConsumes import foo

class Bar(object):
    def __init__():
        foo("it's a good day to be a plugin")

Setting up a Plugin system

Here’s how you set up a plugin system

from pyitect import System
#incase you need to spesify versions for plugins that dont have a default
#or you need to besure a spesfic version is used,
#you can suply a mapping of component names to version strings on system setup
system = System({foo: "*"})

system.search("path/to/your/plugins/tree")

Bar = system.load("Bar")

Loading multiple versions of one component

There are times when you might want to load more than one version of a plugin at once. why? well lets say you have a tool component that does some function on a piece of data, what function? not important but if you say wanted to extend the system to also allow an number of other functions on that same data, perhaps some function provided by a 3d party. how do make it so that all avalible functions are loaded?

Pyitect lets you classify all these as a single components with different versions and then load them all.

System.load(component, requierments={'component': 'plugin:version'})

in this case the requierments for the component can be set to load a spesfic version from one plugin, bypassing the default from the system.

Tracking loaded Components

Pyitect tracks used components at anytime System.useing can be inspected to find all components that have been requested and from what plugins they have been loaded along with versions System.useing is laying out as a multilayer dictionary with arrays of loaded versions, here is an example where more than one version of a component is active

>> System.useing
{
    'component1' : {
        'plugin1`: ['1.0.2']
    },
    'special_component1' : {
        'special_plugin1': ['0.1.3'],
        'special_plugin2': ['0.2.4', '1.0.1-pre3']
    }
}

Events

The plugin system also includes a simple event system bount to the System object, it simply allows one to register a function to an event name and when System.fire_event is called it calls all registered functions passing the extra args and kwargs to them

pyitect fires some event internaly so that you can keep track of when the system finds and loads plugins

‘plugin_found’

a function bound to this event gets called every time a plugin is found during a search called an example is provided:

def onPluginFound (path, plugin):
    """
    path : the full path to the folder containing the plugin
    plugin : plugin version string (ie 'plugin_name:version')
    """
    print("plugin `%s` found at `%s`" % (plugin, path))

‘plugin_loaded’

a function bound to this event is called every time a new plugin is loaded during a component load example:

def onPluginLoad (plugin, plugin_required, component_needed):
    """
    plugin : plugin version string (ie 'plugin_name:version')
    plugin_required: version string of the plugin that required the loaded plugin (version string ie 'plugin_name:version') (might be None)
    component_needed: the name of the component needed by the requesting plugin
    """
    print("plugin `%s` was loaded by plugin `%s` during a request for the `%s` component" % (plugin, plugin_required, component_needed))

‘component_loaded’

a function bound to this event is called every time a component is sucessfuly loaded example:

def onComponentLoad (component, plugin_required, plugin_loaded):
    """
    component : the name of the component loaded
    plugin_required : version string of the plugin that required the loaded component (version string ie 'plugin_name:version') (might be None)
    plugin_loaded : version string of the plugin that the component was loaded from (version string ie 'plugin_name:version')
    """
    print("Component `%s` loaded, required by `%s`, loaded from `%s`" % (component, plugin_required, plugin_loaded) )

Providing multiple versions of a component from the same plugin

what if you want to provide multiple versions of a component from the same plugin? if you have a system like in the Loading multiple versions of one component section above then you may want to provide multiple versions from one plugin

this can be acomplished by providing a version postfix for the provided component and map it to the Global name it can be accesed from in the loaded module

you may of noticed that provided components are mapped to a string

{
    "name": "Im-A-Plugin",
    ...
    "provides": {
        "Bar": ""
    }
}

that string is a postfix mapping, an empty string represent no mapping (the component is provided in the loaded module under the same name, no version postfix)

if however we did this

{
    "name": "Im-A-Plugin",
    ...
    "version": "0.0.1",
    ...
    "provides": {
        "Bar": "bar_type_1=bar1"
    }
}

then a special version would be added to the system, verison 0.0.1-bar_type_1, and when you required that version when loading the Bar component it would load the name bar1 from the module loaded from the Im-A-Plugin plugin. More than one mapping can be provided by sperating them with teh pipe | charater in this way more than one version can be provided. example:

{
    "name": "Im-A-Plugin",
    ...
    "version": "0.0.1",
    ...
    "provides": {
        "Bar": "bar_type_1=bar1 | bar_type_2=bar2 | bar_type_3=bar3 | bar_type_4=bar4 | bar_type_5=bar5"
    }
}

creating versions mapings

0.0.1-bar_type_1 -> bar1
0.0.1-bar_type_2 -> bar2
0.0.1-bar_type_3 -> bar3
0.0.1-bar_type_4 -> bar4
0.0.1-bar_type_5 -> bar5

it is also possible to use the mapping to simple provide an alternate name to acces the component under

{
    "name": "Im-A-Plugin",
    ...
    "version": "0.0.1",
    ...
    "provides": {
        "FooBar": "=foobar",
        "BARFOO": "barfootype=barfoo"
    }
}

notice that the version postfix can be left out, as long as the = is there the capitalized name FooBar can be accessed via the lowercase name foobar but will still have the normal 0.0.1 version

the second one BARFOO wil create a 0.0.1-barfootype version.

Iterating over avalible plugin versions

Pyitect provides an iterator function to iterate over avalible providers for a component System.ittrPluginsByComponent

this function will loop over all pluign that provided the component and return a tulple of the plugin name and it’s highest avalible version. if there are postfix mappings for the component on that plugin it will list them too.

for plugin, version in System.ittrPluginsByComponent('component_name'):
    print("Plugin %s provides The component at version %s" % (plugin, version))

Examples

For more information checkout the tests directory, it sould be a farily straight forward explination form there.

LICENSE

Copyright (c) 2014, Benjamin “Ryex” Powers ryexander@gmail.com

Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED “AS IS” AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.

 
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