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redef 1.5

Test utility for redefining functions

Latest Version: 1.7

# Redef

To install, just run:

python build
python install

See [](/joeheyming/redef/blob/master/ under your install path for examples.

Redef is intended to create lexically scoped variables, that when destroyed, undo mock behavior.
It was inspired by a Perl module, [Test::Resub](

The best examples use unittest, but it should work with any testing framework.

import unittest
from redef import redef

class MyClass:
def lame_function(self):
return "something I don't want"

class MyTest(unittest.TestCase):
def test1(self):
myobj = MyClass()
self.assertEqual(myobj.lame_function(), "something I don't want")
want = 'something I want'
with redef(MyClass, 'lame_function', lambda s: want) as rd_lf:
self.assertEqual(myobj.lame_function(), want)

# after test1, rd_lf gets deleted and resets

def test2(self):
myobj = MyClass()
# test2 is uneffected by test1
self.assertEqual(myobj.lame_function(), "something I don't want")

This doesn't have to be a function, you can also redefine attributes directly on an object.

class MyClass:
unpredictable = 'random string'

my_global_object = MyClass()

class MyTest(unittest.TestCase):
def test3(self):
rd_u = redef(my_global_object, 'unpredictable', 'unit testable string')
# ... test something awesome!
self.assertEqual(my_global_object.unpredictable, 'unit testable string')

def test4(self):
# hey, my_global_object is back to being unpredictable
self.assertEqual(my_global_object.unpredictable, 'unpredictable')

There are other useful functions provided on the redef object itself:

* Class Redef:
* __init__:
* takes an object and a key. The rest of the arguments are kwargs:
* if the key doesn't exist in the object, an exception will be raised unless you provide kwargs must_exist
* value: if provided, this value will redefine the key in the object, otherwise you 'wiretap' the object
* must_call: if provided, when the Redef object is destroyed, it warns if this constraint is violated.

* called():
Stores how many times a redef'd function was called.
* method_args():
Stores the most recent *args to the redef'd function.
* named_method_args():
Stores the most recent **kwargs to the redef'd function.
* reset():
Sets called, method_args, and named_method_args back to the default state of 0, None, None
* was_called():
Asks the redef object if there was ever a call. Regardless of calling the reset() function
* never_called():
Asks the redef object if there was never a call. Regardless of calling the reset() function

Redef also provides a freebie static function:

* redef(obj, key, value):
Static constructor of a Redef object

* obj: is a Class, Module, or Object you want to temporariliy change
* key: The string name of the attribute you want to change
* value: The new value. If the value is None, you only capture called, method_args, and named_method_args
* The None case won't redefine the key on the obj

These static functions were provided to show the usefulness of redef:
For example, you could capture stdout of a function call, and after capturing it,
sys.stdout goes back to normal:

* Class CapturedOutput:
* Has 2 variables you want: output, returned

* Static Functions that return a CapturedOutput:
* stdout_of(func, *args, **kwargs):
Call a function and capture the stdout.
Returns a CapturedOutput object that has the stdout and the return value of calling func.

* stderr_of(func, *args, **kwargs):
Call a function and capture the stderr.
Returns a CapturedOutput object that has the stderr and the return value of calling func.

* wiretap:
* A static function that creates a Redef object only for the purpose of capturing the method_args and called values.
* The original functionality should remain the same.

Please ask any questions on github:  
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
redef-1.5.tar.gz (md5) Source 2014-04-18 4KB