skip to navigation
skip to content

Not Logged In

ripe.atlas.sagan 0.2.5

A parser for RIPE Atlas measurement results

Latest Version: 0.7.1

# RIPE Atlas Sagan

A parsing library for RIPE Atlas measurement results

## Why this exists

RIPE Atlas generates a **lot** of data, and the format of that data changes over
time. Often you want to do something simple like fetch the median RTT for each
measurement result between date `X` and date `Y`. Unfortunately, there are are
dozens of edge cases to account for while parsing the JSON, like the format of
errors and firmware upgrades that changed the format entirely.

To make this easier for our users (and for ourselves), we wrote an easy to use
parser that's smart enough to figure out the best course of action for each
result, and return to you a useful, native Python object.

## How to use it

You can parse a result in a few ways. You can just pass the JSON-encoded

from ripe.atlas.sagan import PingResult

my_result = PingResult("<result string="" from="" ripe="" atlas="" ping="" measurement="">")


You can do the JSON-decoding yourself:

from ripe.atlas.sagan import PingResult

my_result = PingResult(
json.dumps("<result string="" from="" ripe="" atlas="" ping="" measurement="">")


You can let the parser guess the right type for you, though this incurs a
small performance penalty:

from ripe.atlas.sagan import Result

my_result = Result.get("<result string="" from="" ripe="" atlas="" ping="" measurement="">")


### Which attributes are supported?

Every result type has its own properties, with a few common between all types.

Specifically, these attributes exist on all `*Result` objects:

* `created` An arrow object (like datetime, but better) of the `timestamp` field
* `measurement_id`
* `probe_id`
* `firmware` An integer representing the firmware version
* `origin` The `from` attribute in the result
* `is_error` Set to `True` if an error was found

Additionally, each of the result types have their own properties, like
`packet_size`, `responses`, `certificates`, etc. You can take a look at the
classes themselves, or just look at the tests if you're curious. But to get you
started, here are some examples:

# Ping
ping_result.packets_sent # Int
ping_result.rtt_median # Float, rounded to 3 decimal places
ping_result.rtt_average # Float, rounded to 3 decimal places

# Traceroute # 4 or 6
traceroute_result.total_hops # Int
traceroute_result.destination_address # An IP address string

dns_result.responses # A list of Response objects
dns_result.responses[0].response_time # Float, rounded to 3 decimal places
dns_result.responses[0].headers # A list of Header objects
dns_result.responses[0].headers[0].nscount # The NSCOUNT value for the first header
dns_result.responses[0].questions # A list of Question objects
dns_result.responses[0].questions[0].type # The TYPE value for the first question
dns_result.responses[0].abuf # The raw, unparsed abuf string

# SSL Certificates # 4 or 6
ssl_result.certificates # A list of Certificate objects
ssl_result.certificates[0].checksum # The checksum for the first certificate

# HTTP # 4 or 6
http_result.uri # A URL string
http_result.responses # A list of Response objects
http_result.responses[0].body_size # The size of the body of the first response

### "But... I'd rather my code explode when there's an error"

If you'd like Sagan to be less forgiving, you only need to pass
`on_error=Result.ACTION_FAIL` when you're instantiating your object. To use one
of our previous examples:

from ripe.atlas.sagan import Result

my_result = Result.get(
'{"dnserr":"non-recoverable failure in name resolution",...}',

The above will explode with a `ResultParseError`.

## What it supports

Essentially, we tried to support everything. If you pass in a DNS result
string, the parser will return a `DNSResult` object, which contains a list of
`Response`s, each with an `abuf` property, as well as all of the information in
that abuf: header, question, answer, etc.

from ripe.atlas.sagan import DnsResult

my_dns_result = DnsResult("<result string="" from="" a="" ripe="" atlas="" dns="" measurement="">")
my_dns_result.responses[0].abuf # The entire string
my_dns_result.responses[0].abuf.header.arcount # Decoded from the abuf

We do the same sort of thing for SSL measurements, traceroutes, everything. We
try to save you the effort of sorting through whatever is in the result.

## What it requires

As you might have guessed, with all of this magic going on under the hood, there
are a few dependencies:

* [arrow]
* [pyOpenSSL] (Optional: see "Troubleshooting" below)
* [python-dateutil]
* [pytz]
* [IPy]

Additionally, we recommend that you also install
[ujson] as it will speed up the
JSON-decoding step considerably, and [sphinx] if you intend to build the
documentation files for offline use.

## How to install

The stable version should always be in PyPi, so you can install it with `pip`:

$ pip install ripe.atlas.sagan

### Troubleshooting

Some setups (like MacOS) have trouble with building the dependencies required
for reading SSL certificates. If you don't care about SSL stuff and only want
to use sagan to say, parse traceroute or DNS results, then you can tell the
installer to skip building ``pyOpenSSL`` by doing the following:

$ SAGAN_WITHOUT_SSL=1 pip install ripe.atlas.sagan

## Further Documentation

Complete documentation can always be found on
[the RIPE Atlas project page] and if you're
not online, the project itself contains a `docs` directory -- everything you
should need is in there.

## Colophon

But why *Sagan*? The RIPE Atlas team decided to name all of its modules after
explorers, and what better name for a parser than that of the man who spent
decades reaching out to the public about the wonders of the cosmos?

## Changelog

* 0.2.5
* Fixed a bug in how the `on_error` and `on_malformation` preferences
weren't being passed down into the subcomponents of the results.
* 0.2.4
* Support for `seconds_since_sync` across all measurement types
* 0.2.3
* "Treat a missing Type value in a DNS result as a malformation" (Issue #36)
* 0.2.2
* Minor bugfixes
* 0.2.1
* Added a `median_rtt` value to traceroute ``Hop`` objects.
* Smarter and more consistent error handling in traceroute and HTTP
* Added an `error_message` property to all objects that is set to `None`
by default.
* 0.2.0
* Totally reworked error and malformation handling. We now differentiate
between a result (or portion thereof) being malformed (and therefore
unparsable) and simply containing an error such as a timeout. Look for
an `is_error` property or an `is_malformed` property on every object
to check for it, or simply pass `on_malformation=Result.ACTION_FAIL` if
you'd prefer things to explode with an exception. See the documentation
for more details
* Added lazy-loading features for parsing abuf and qbuf values out of DNS
* Removed the deprecated properties from `dns.Response`. You must now
access values like `edns0` from `dns.Response.abuf.edns0`.
* More edge cases have been found and accommodated.
* 0.1.15
* Added a bunch of abuf parsing features from
[b4ldr] with some help from
* 0.1.14
* Fixed the deprecation warnings in `DnsResult` to point to the right
* 0.1.13
* Better handling of `DNSResult` errors
* Rearranged the way abufs were handled in the `DnsResult` class to make
way for `qbuf` values as well. The old method of accessing `header`,
`answers`, `questions`, etc is still available via `Response`, but this
will go away when we move to 0.2. Deprecation warnings are in place.
* 0.1.12
* Smarter code for checking whether the target was reached in
* We now handle the `destination_option_size` and `hop_by_hop_option_size`
values in `TracerouteResult`.
* Extended support for ICMP header info in traceroute `Hop` class by
introducing a new `IcmpHeader` class.
* 0.1.8
* Broader support for SSL checksums. We now make use of `md5` and `sha1`,
as well as the original `sha256`.  
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
ripe.atlas.sagan-0.2.5.tar.gz (md5) Source 2014-08-07 48KB
  • Downloads (All Versions):
  • 15 downloads in the last day
  • 412 downloads in the last week
  • 687 downloads in the last month