toposort 1.1
Implements a topological sort algorithm.
Latest Version: 1.4
Overview
Implements a topological sort algorithm.
From Wikipedia: In computer science, a topological sort (sometimes abbreviated topsort or toposort) or topological ordering of a directed graph is a linear ordering of its vertices such that for every directed edge uv from vertex u to vertex v, u comes before v in the ordering.
Input data description
The input to the toposort function is a dict describing the dependencies among the input nodes. Each key is a dependent node, the corresponding value is a set containing the dependent nodes.
Note that toposort does not care what the input node values mean: it just compares them for equality. The examples here usually use integers, but they could be any hashable type.
Typical usage
The interpretation of the input data here is: If 2 depends on 11; 9 depends on 11, 8 and 10; 10 depends on 11 and 3 (and so on), then in what order should we process the items such that all nodes are processed before any of their dependencies?:
>>> from toposort import toposort, toposort_flatten >>> list(toposort({2: {11}, ... 9: {11, 8, 10}, ... 10: {11, 3}, ... 11: {7, 5}, ... 8: {7, 3}, ... })) [{3, 5, 7}, {8, 11}, {2, 10}, {9}]
And the answer is: process 3, 5, and 7 (in any order); then process 8 and 11; then process 2 and 10; then process 9. Note that 3, 5, and 7 are returned first because they do not depend on anything. They are then removed from consideration, and then 8 and 11 don’t depend on anything remaining. This process continues until all nodes are returned, or a circular dependency is detected.
Circular dependencies
A circular dependency will raise a ValueError. Here 1 depends on 2, and 2 depends on 1:
>>> list(toposort({1: {2}, ... 2: {1}, ... })) Traceback (most recent call last): ... ValueError: Cyclic dependencies exist among these items: (1, {2}), (2, {1})
Module contents
toposort(data)
Returns an iterator describing the dependencies among nodes in the input data. Each returned item will be a set. Each member of this set has no dependencies in this set, or in any set previously returned.
toposort_flatten(data, sort=True)
Like toposort(data), except that it returns a list of all of the depend values, in order. If sort is true, the returned nodes are sorted within each group before they are appended to the result:
>>> toposort_flatten({2: {11}, ... 9: {11, 8, 10}, ... 10: {11, 3}, ... 11: {7, 5}, ... 8: {7, 3}, ... }) [3, 5, 7, 8, 11, 2, 10, 9]
Note that this result is the same as the first example: [{3, 5, 7}, {8, 11}, {2, 10}, {9}], except that the result is flattened, and within each set the nodes are sorted.
Testing
To test, run ‘python setup.py test’. On python >= 3.0, this also runs the doctests.
Change log
1.1 2014-07-24 Eric V. Smith
- Release version 1.1. No code changes.
- Add a README.txt entry on running the test suite.
- Fix missing test/__init__.py in the sdist.
1.0 2014-03-14 Eric V. Smith
- Release version 1.0. The API is stable.
- Add MANIFEST.in to MANIFEST.in, so that it is created in the sdist (issue #1).
0.2 2014-02-11 Eric V. Smith
- Modify setup.py to produce a RPM name of python-toposort for bdist_rpm.
0.1 2014-02-10 Eric V. Smith
- Initial release.
File | Type | Py Version | Uploaded on | Size | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
toposort-1.1.tar.gz (md5) | Source | 2014-07-24 | 9KB | ||
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- Author: Eric V. Smith
- Home Page: https://bitbucket.org/ericvsmith/toposort
- License: Apache License Version 2.0
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- DOAP record: toposort-1.1.xml