skip to navigation
skip to content

uncompyle6 2.14.3

Python cross-version byte-code decompiler


A native Python cross-version decompiler and fragment decompiler. The successor to decompyle, uncompyle, and uncompyle2.


uncompyle6 translates Python bytecode back into equivalent Python source code. It accepts bytecodes from Python version 1.5, and 2.1 to 3.7 or so, including PyPy bytecode and Dropbox’s Python 2.5 bytecode.

Why this?

Ok, I’ll say it: this software is amazing. It is more than your normal hacky decompiler. Using compiler technology, the program creates a parse tree of the program from the instructions; nodes at the upper levels that look a little like what might come from a Python AST. So we can really classify and understand what’s going on in sections of Python bytecode.

Building on this, another thing that makes this different from other CPython bytecode decompilers is the ability to deparse just fragments of source code and give source-code information around a given bytecode offset.

I use the tree fragments to deparse fragments of code inside my trepan debuggers. For that, bytecode offsets are recorded and associated with fragments of the source code. This purpose, although compatible with the original intention, is yet a little bit different. See this for more information.

Python fragment deparsing given an instruction offset is useful in showing stack traces and can be encorporated into any program that wants to show a location in more detail than just a line number at runtime. This code can be also used when source-code information does not exist and there is just bytecode. Again, my debuggers make use of this.

There were (and still are) a number of decompyle, uncompyle, uncompyle2, uncompyle3 forks around. Almost all of them come basically from the same code base, and (almost?) all of them are no longer actively maintained. One was really good at decompiling Python 1.5-2.3 or so, another really good at Python 2.7, but that only. Another handles Python 3.2 only; another patched that and handled only 3.3. You get the idea. This code pulls all of these forks together and moves forward. There is some serious refactoring and cleanup in this code base over those old forks.

This project has the most complete support for Python 3.3 and above and the best all-around Python support.

We are serious about testing, and use automated processes to find bugs. In the issue trackers for other decompilers, you will find a number of bugs we’ve found along the way. Very few to none of them are fixed in the other decompilers.


The code here can be run on Python versions 2.6 or later, PyPy 3-2.4, or PyPy-5.0.1. Python versions 2.4-2.7 are supported in the python-2.4 branch. The bytecode files it can read have been tested on Python bytecodes from versions 1.5, 2.1-2.7, and 3.0-3.6 and the above-mentioned PyPy versions.


This uses, so it follows the standard Python routine:

pip install -e .  # set up to run from source tree
                  # Or if you want to install instead
python install # may need sudo

A GNU makefile is also provided so make install (possibly as root or sudo) will do the steps above.


make check

A GNU makefile has been added to smooth over setting running the right command, and running tests from fastest to slowest.

If you have remake installed, you can see the list of all tasks including tests via remake --tasks



$ uncompyle6 *compiled-python-file-pyc-or-pyo*

For usage help:

$ uncompyle6 -h

If you want strong verification of the correctness of the decompilation process, add the –verify option. But there are situations where this will indicate a failure, although the generated program is semantically equivalent. Using option –weak-verify will tell you if there is something definitely wrong. Generally, large swaths of code are decompiled correctly, if not the entire program.

You can also cross compare the results with pycdc . Since they work differently, bugs here often aren’t in that, and vice versa.

Known Bugs/Restrictions

The biggest known and possibly fixable (but hard) problem has to do with handling control flow. (Python has probably the most diverse and screwy set of compound statements I’ve ever seen; there are “else” clauses on loops and try blocks that I suspect many programmers don’t know about.)

All of the Python decompilers that I have looked at have problems decompiling Python’s control flow. In some cases we can detect an erroneous decompilation and report that.

Verification is the process of decompiling bytecode, compiling with a Python for that bytecode version, and then comparing the bytecode produced by the decompiled/compiled program. Some allowance is made for inessential differences. But other semantically equivalent differences are not caught. For example 1 and 0 is decompiled to the equivalent 0; remnants of the first true evaluation (1) is lost when Python compiles this. When Python next compiles 0 the resulting code is simpler.

Weak Verification on the other hand doesn’t check bytecode for equivalence but does check to see if the resulting decompiled source is a valid Python program by running the Python interpreter. Because the Python language has changed so much, for best results you should use the same Python Version in checking as used in the bytecode.

Finally, we have automated running the standard Python tests after first compiling and decompiling the test program. Results here are a bit weak (if not better than most other Python decompilers). But over time this will probably get better.

Python support is strongest in Python 2 for 2.7 and drops off as you get further away from that. Support is also probably pretty good for python 2.3-2.4 since a lot of the goodness of early the version of the decompiler from that era has been preserved (and Python compilation in that era was minimal)

There is some work to do on the lower end Python versions which is more difficult for us to handle since we don’t have a Python interpreter for versions 1.5, 1.6, and 2.0.

In the Python 3 series, Python support is is strongest around 3.4 or 3.3 and drops off as you move further away from those versions. Python 3.6 changes things drastically by using word codes rather than byte codes. That has been addressed, but then it also changes function call opcodes and its semantics and has more problems with control flow than 3.5 has. Between Python 3.5, 3.6 and 3.7 there have been major changes to the MAKE_FUNCTION and CALL_FUNCTION instructions. Those are not handled yet.

Currently not all Python magic numbers are supported. Specifically in some versions of Python, notably Python 3.6, the magic number has changes several times within a version. We support only the released magic. There are also customized Python interpreters, notably Dropbox, which use their own magic and encrypt bytcode. With the exception of the Dropbox’s old Python 2.5 interpreter this kind of thing is not handled.

We also don’t handle PJOrion obfuscated code. For that try: PJOrion Deobfuscator to unscramble the bytecode to get valid bytecode before trying this tool. This program can’t decompile Microsoft Windows EXE files created by Py2EXE, although we can probably decompile the code after you extract the bytecode properly. For situations like this, you might want to consider a decompilation service like Crazy Compilers. Handling pathologically long lists of expressions or statements is slow.

There is lots to do, so please dig in and help.

See Also

File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py2.4.egg (md5) Python Egg 2.4 2018-01-19 354KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py2.5.egg (md5) Python Egg 2.5 2018-01-19 350KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py2.6.egg (md5) Python Egg 2.6 2018-01-19 351KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py2.7.egg (md5) Python Egg 2.7 2018-01-19 350KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py26-none-any.whl (md5) Python Wheel py26 2018-01-19 168KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py27-none-any.whl (md5) Python Wheel py27 2018-01-19 168KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py3.3.egg (md5) Python Egg 3.3 2018-01-19 361KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py3.4.egg (md5) Python Egg 3.4 2018-01-19 356KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py3.5.egg (md5) Python Egg 3.5 2018-01-19 355KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py3.6.egg (md5) Python Egg 3.6 2018-01-19 349KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py33-none-any.whl (md5) Python Wheel py33 2018-01-19 168KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py34-none-any.whl (md5) Python Wheel py34 2018-01-19 168KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3-py35-none-any.whl (md5) Python Wheel py35 2018-01-19 168KB
uncompyle6-2.14.3.tar.gz (md5) Source 2018-01-19 875KB