skip to navigation
skip to content

Adafruit_BBIO 1.0.5

A module to control BeagleBone IO channels

**PLEASE NOTE: This library may have breaking changes as development continues. Please read the changelog anytime you update the library!**

**The PWM Duty Cycle range was reversed in 0.0.15 from 100(off)-0(on) to 0(off)-100(on). Please update your code accordingly.**

**Adafruit's BeagleBone IO Python Library**

This is a set of Python tools to allow GPIO, PWM, and ADC access on the BeagleBone using the Linux 3.8 Kernel and above (latest releases).

It has been tested on the 5-20 and 6-6 Angstrom image on the BeagleBone Black.

**Note: BBIO has been renamed to Adafruit_BBIO.**

**Installation on Angstrom**

Easiest::

/usr/bin/ntpdate -b -s -u pool.ntp.org
opkg update && opkg install python-pip python-setuptools
pip install Adafruit_BBIO

Manual::

git clone git://github.com/adafruit/adafruit-beaglebone-io-python.git
#set the date and time
/usr/bin/ntpdate -b -s -u pool.ntp.org
#install dependency
opkg update && opkg install python-distutils
cd adafruit-beaglebone-io-python
python setup.py install

**Installation on Ubuntu/Debian**

Easiest::

sudo ntpdate pool.ntp.org
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential python-dev python-pip -y
#easy_install -U distribute //debian only
sudo pip install Adafruit_BBIO

Manual::

sudo ntpdate pool.ntp.org
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential python-dev python-pip -y
git clone git://github.com/adafruit/adafruit-beaglebone-io-python.git
cd adafruit-beaglebone-io-python
sudo python setup.py install
cd ..
sudo rm -rf adafruit-beaglebone-io-python

**Usage**

Using the library is very similar to the excellent RPi.GPIO library used on the Raspberry Pi. Below are some examples.

**GPIO Setup**

Import the library, and setup as GPIO.OUT or GPIO.IN::

import Adafruit_BBIO.GPIO as GPIO
GPIO.setup("P8_14", GPIO.OUT)

You can also refer to the pin names::

GPIO.setup("GPIO0_26", GPIO.OUT)

**GPIO Output**

Setup the pin for output, and write GPIO.HIGH or GPIO.LOW. Or you can use 1 or 0.::

import Adafruit_BBIO.GPIO as GPIO
GPIO.setup("P8_14", GPIO.OUT) GPIO.output("P8_14", GPIO.HIGH)

**On-Board LEDs**

On-board LEDs (USR0-USR3) are handled by LED class driver rather than the GPIO pin driver.

They have a different path in the /sys/ filesystem.

Setup the pin for output and write GPIO.HIGH or GPIO.LOW::

import Adafruit_BBIO.GPIO as GPIO
import time

for i in range(4):
GPIO.setup("USR%d" % i, GPIO.OUT)

while True:
for i in range(4):
GPIO.output("USR%d" % i, GPIO.HIGH)
time.sleep(1)
for i in range(4):
GPIO.output("USR%d" % i, GPIO.LOW)
time.sleep(1)

**GPIO Input**

Inputs work similarly to outputs.::

import Adafruit_BBIO.GPIO as GPIO
GPIO.setup("P8_14", GPIO.IN)

Polling inputs::

if GPIO.input("P8_14"):
print("HIGH")
else:
print("LOW")

Waiting for an edge (GPIO.RISING, GPIO.FALLING, or GPIO.BOTH::

GPIO.wait_for_edge(channel, GPIO.RISING)

or

GPIO.wait_for_edge(channel, GPIO.RISING, timeout)

Detecting events::

GPIO.add_event_detect("P9_12", GPIO.FALLING)
#your amazing code here
#detect wherever:
if GPIO.event_detected("P9_12"):
print "event detected!"

**PWM**::

import Adafruit_BBIO.PWM as PWM
#PWM.start(channel, duty, freq=2000, polarity=0)
#duty values are valid 0 (off) to 100 (on)
PWM.start("P9_14", 50)
PWM.set_duty_cycle("P9_14", 25.5)
PWM.set_frequency("P9_14", 10)

PWM.stop("P9_14")
PWM.cleanup()

#set polarity to 1 on start:
PWM.start("P9_14", 50, 2000, 1)

**ADC**::

import Adafruit_BBIO.ADC as ADC
ADC.setup()

#read returns values 0-1.0
value = ADC.read("P9_40")

#read_raw returns non-normalized value
value = ADC.read_raw("P9_40")

**Running tests**

Install py.test to run the tests. You'll also need the python compiler package for py.test.::

opkg update && opkg install python-compiler
#Either pip or easy_install
pip install -U pytest
easy_install -U pytest

Execute the following in the root of the project::

py.test

**Credits**

The BeagleBone IO Python library was originally forked from the excellent MIT Licensed [RPi.GPIO](https://code.google.com/p/raspberry-gpio-python) library written by Ben Croston.

**License**

Written by Justin Cooper, Adafruit Industries. BeagleBone IO Python library is released under the MIT License.
1.0.5
----
* @pdp7 (5):
* Merge pull request #153 from MarkAYoder/master
* Fix print syntax to avoid python3 errors
* Merge pull request #160 from MarkAYoder/master
* document how to read QEP1
* Update rotary-encoder-eqep-test.md

* @MarkAYoder (20):
* Have GP0_1 working
* Removed --force to speed things up
* Added GP0 1, 2 and 3
* Flashes 4 LEDs
* Works with button
* Blinks red and gree LEDs
* Blinks all 6 GPIOs
* Added red and green LEDs
* i2c works
* PWD isn't working, yet
* Added port setup
* Switched to apt install
* Added tmp101 to name
* Added LED matrix example
* Removed newline from print
* Added fade
* Adding GPIO defs for uart1
* Testing UT1_0, not working yet
* Switched GP0_0 to GP0_3, etc.
* Added PAUSE and MODE buttons.

1.0.4
----
* @djsutton (1):
* fix TypeError: function takes exactly 3 arguments (2 given) from wait_for_edge

* @pdp7 (29):
* Instruct users to open GitHub issue instead email
* add udev rules and script for non-root access to gpio
* fix file descriptor leak in gpio_set_value()
* document how to test read and write to all GPIO pins
* reduce ADC reads in pytest from 10,000 to 1,000
* close file descriptor to avoid leak
* remove conditional logic for ctrl_dir and ocp_dir size
* increase size of ctrl_dir and ocp_dir for future use
* Document how to run config-pin at boot
* Document how to test eQEP with Rotary Encoder
* Add skeleton for Encoder module to read eQEP
* Add code to Encoder.QEP from PyBBIO.RotaryEncoder
* Adapt code from PyBBIO.RotaryEncoder
* add test for rotary encoder
* read from eqep position file
* return position from getPosition()
* document howo to enable all the eqep pins
* Document how to test eqep pins with rotary encoder
* run config-pin to set pin mux for qep
* update QEP test
* update QEP test for issue #122
* Test if kernel booted wit u-boot overlays
* check if kernel cmdline for uboot overlay
* Add documentation about u-boot overlays
* Return BBIO_OK when u-boot overlays ared enabled
* remove debug printing
* Skip check for device tree loaded if u-boot overlays enabled
* Sleep after loading ADC overlay to allow driver load
* Workaround test failure until TIMERn bug is fixed

* @ltjax (3):
* Use lookup table to prevent duplicate pin export
* Handle already exported pins
* Fix build_path memory leak

* @Vadim-Stupakov (1):
* Fixed issue #145 GPIO library doesn't free GPIO file descriptor. File descriptor leak. Made a little bit refactoring

* @cocasema (8):
* Declare PHONY targets in root Makefile
* Extract BBIO_err into a separate header
* Add syslog and debugging messages
* Add libadafruit-bbio with C++ wrappers for PWM/GPIO
* Add 2 versions of library with c++98 and c++11 abi
* Install header files properly
* Add default values to pwm::start() method.
* Add PWM c++ tests

* @zsserg (2):
* Added error checking for setting pin direction in gpio.setup() (Python)
* Added debug output to set_pin_mode()

1.0.3
----
* Add -Wno-strict-aliasing to CFLAGS to ignore gcc warning
* Resolves GitHub issue #133 by @archey

1.0.2
----
* Merge pull request #130 from adafruit/issue129-usr-leds [1439133]
* Add support for alternate USR LED labels
* Merge pull request #131 from adafruit/fix-gcc-warnings [f0ee018]
* Fix gcc warnings
* Merge pull request #132 from buckket/setup_unicode_fix [4c67dfc]
* Make use of io.open() with explicit file encoding in setup.py


1.0.1
----
* Merge pull request #124 from jpbarraca/master [cf9771a]
* Timeout support for wait_for_edge (replaces PR #62)
* Merge pull request #123 from bubbapizza/master [8b4f7f2]
* Added a delay parameter for GPIO.setup() for udev permissions
* Merge pull request #121 from dengber/master [50e8883]
* ADC.read() returns wrong value
* Merge pull request #64 from olegantonyan/master [d1e8dc1]
* Wait until GPIO file appears on the /sys filesystem (issue #36)
* Merge pull request #106 from cocasema/master [12b79d7]
* Treat warnings as errors
* Merge pull request #119 from JesseMcL/pr [e7e987a]
* Add GPIO pullup configurations and fix PWM Segfault on kernel 4.1+
* Merge pull request #116 from kozga/master [1b04cdf]
* Fix SPI: IOError: [Errno 22] Invalid argument in xfer and xfer2 funct…

1.0.0
----
* Merge pull request #108 from MatthewWest for PWM support in Linux kernel 4.1+
* Merge pull request #96 from PeteLawler for ADC support in Linux kernel 4.1+
* Finally publish new version to PyPi
* Bump major version number to signify long duration since last release

0.0.30
-----
* Merge Python 3 compatibility fixes from Github user westphahl.
* Moved old Angstrom build fix for missing py_compile from setup.py to separate file.

0.0.20
----
* Fix for SPI not loading spidevX.X correctly based on load order
* Initialize ctrl_dir in unload_device_tree #63
* Clean up unused/dead code

0.0.19
----
* Fix for SPI.xfer crashes python after 3 calls
* Added a retry to reading for the analog inputs to avoid a bug where reading back and forth between two analog inputs would cause the resource to be unavailable every 16 scans (zthorson)
* Updated the build_path to be more selective over what paths it chooses (zthorson)
* Update Debian installation instructions in README (justinledwards)
* Increase the size of the buffer used for storing device tree names (SaintGimp)

0.0.18
----
* UART - Include UART overlays, and compile upon installation
* UART - Rename UART overlays
* Adafruit_I2C - Remove readU16Rev and readS16Rev
* Adafruit_I2C - Updated readU16/readS16 for correct 16-bit reads

0.0.17
----
* Fix SPI memory leaks
* Clean up of PWM code (bit-hacker, jwcooper)
* Remove UART debug statements

0.0.16
----
* Add polarity as optional fourth parameter to PWM.start(). Valid values are 0 and 1. Default is still 0.
* Fix for actually setting the polarity in start.
* Add new unit tests to check that the polarity is being set properly, and valid values passed in.

0.0.15
----
* Fix PWM duty cycle so 0 is off and 100 is on. Set polarity to 0 by default.
* Give extra buffer space in export, and unexport functions for gpio that are more than 2 digits (Chris Desjardins)
* Add new test case for 3 digit gpio (Chris Desjardins)
* Fix for test_direction_readback. gpio_get_direction wasn't properly null terminating the direction string (Chris Desjardins)

0.0.14
----
* Fix GPIO.gpio_function to work with the IO name (zthorson)
* Fix IOErrors not getting raised when fopen fails while loading overlays into device tree (bradfordboyle, jwcooper)
* Add new UART tests

0.0.13
----
* Remove the gpio parameter from callbacks (cdesjardins)

0.0.12
----
* Bump version due to pypi issues

0.0.11
----
* New UART module to export UART overlays
* Alpha support for SPI
* Add small delay after loading any device tree overlays

0.0.10
____
* Fix direction for event detection code
* Fix for segmentation faults on add_event_detect

0.0.9
____
* Fix for ADC Segmentation Faults

0.0.8
____
* Temp remove overlay compilation. Ubuntu failures.

0.0.7
____
* Refactor and clean up adc and pwm
* Fix tests for Adafruit_BBIO rename

0.0.6
____
* Include Adafruit_I2C.py as top-level module

0.0.5
----
* Rename from BBIO to Adafruit_BBIO to reduce library conflicts and confusion.

0.0.4
----
* Support for pip and easy_install

0.0.3
____
* ADC enabled

0.0.2
____
* PWM enabled

0.0.1
____
* Initial Commit
* GPIO mostly working
* Initial GPIO unit tests
* PWM in progress  
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
Adafruit_BBIO-1.0.5.tar.gz (md5) Source 2017-09-01 50KB