skip to navigation
skip to content

django-storage-swift 1.2.10

OpenStack Swift storage backend for Django

django-storage-swift allows Django applications to use OpenStack Swift as a file storage layer.

Features

  • Reads/writes files into/out of Swift.
  • Automatically derives the correct URL to allow files to be accessed through a web browser based on information returned from the authorisation server.
    • Allows you to override the host, port and path as necessary.
    • Supports the generation of temporary URLs to restrict access to files.

Usage

You can install django-storage-swift through pip. To store your media files on swift, add the following line to your settings.py or local_settings.py:

DEFAULT_FILE_STORAGE='swift.storage.SwiftStorage'

To store your static files on swift, add the following line:

STATICFILES_STORAGE ='swift.storage.StaticSwiftStorage'

This will use another container.

Configuring

django-storage-swift recognises the following options.

Option Default Description
SWIFT_AUTH_URL None The URL for the auth server, e.g. http://127.0.0.1:5000/v2.0
SWIFT_USERNAME None The username to use to authenticate.
SWIFT_KEY None The key (password) to use to authenticate.
SWIFT_AUTH_VERSION 1 The version of the authentication protocol to use.
SWIFT_TENANT_NAME None The tenant name to use when authenticating.
SWIFT_TENANT_ID None The tenant id to use when authenticating.
SWIFT_CONTAINER_NAME None The container in which to store the files.
SWIFT_STATIC_CONTAINER_NAME None Alternate container used by StaticSwiftStorage.
SWIFT_AUTO_CREATE_CONTAINER False Should the container be created if it does not exist?
SWIFT_AUTO_CREATE_CONTAINER_ALLOW_ORIGIN None Set the container’s X-Container-Meta-Access-Control-Allow-Origin value, to support CORS requests.
SWIFT_AUTO_BASE_URL True Query the authentication server for the base URL.
SWIFT_BASE_URL None The base URL from which the files can be retrieved, e.g. http://127.0.0.1:8080/.
SWIFT_NAME_PREFIX None Prefix that gets added to all filenames.
SWIFT_USE_TEMP_URLS False Generate temporary URLs for file access (allows files to be accessed without a permissive ACL).
SWIFT_TEMP_URL_KEY None Temporary URL key — see the OpenStack documentation.
SWIFT_TEMP_URL_DURATION 30*60 How long a temporary URL remains valid, in seconds.
SWIFT_EXTRA_OPTIONS {} Extra options, eg. { “endpoint_type”: “adminURL” }, which will return adminURL instead publicURL.
SWIFT_STATIC_BASE_URL None The base URL from which the static files can be retrieved, e.g. http://127.0.0.1:8080/.
SWIFT_STATIC_NAME_PREFIX None Prefix that gets added to all static filenames.
SWIFT_CONTENT_TYPE_FROM_FD False Determine the files mimetypes from the actual content rather than from their filename (default).

SWIFT_BASE_URL

django-swift-storage will automatically query the authentication server for the URL where your files can be accessed, which takes the form http://server:port/v1/AUTH_token/.

Sometimes you want to override the server and port (for example if you’re developing using devstack inside Vagrant). This can be accomplished with SWIFT_BASE_URL.

The provided value is parsed, and:

  • host and port override any automatically derived values
  • any path component is put before derived path components.

So if your auth server returns http://10.0.2.2:8080/v1/AUTH_012345abcd/ and you have SWIFT_BASE_URL="http://127.0.0.1:8888/foo", the url function will a path based on http://127.0.0.1:8888/foo/v1/AUTH_012345abcd/.

Temporary URLs

Temporary URLs provide a means to grant a user permission to access a file for a limited time only and without making the entire container public.

Temporary URLs work as described in the Swift documentation. (The code to generate the signatures is heavily based on their implementation.) They require setup of a key for signing: the process is described in the OpenStack documentation.

Use

Once installed and configured, use of django-storage-swift should be automatic and seamless.

You can verify that swift is indeed being used by running, inside python manage.py shell:

from django.core.files.storage import default_storage
default_storage.connection

The result should be <<swiftclient.client.Connection object ...>>

Openstack Keystone/Identity v3

To authenticate with a swift installation using Keystone AUTH and the Identity v3 API, you must also specify either the domain ID or name that your user and project (tenant) belongs to.

SWIFT_AUTH_URL='https://keystoneserver/v3'
SWIFT_AUTH_VERSION='3'
SWIFT_USERNAME='<<USERNAME>>'
SWIFT_KEY='<<PASSWORD>>'
SWIFT_TENANT_NAME='<<TENANT_NAME>>'
SWIFT_USER_DOMAIN_NAME='<<DOMAIN_NAME>>'
SWIFT_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME='<<DOMAIN_NAME>>'

Troubleshooting

  • I’m getting permission errors accessing my files: If you are not using temporary URLs, you may need to make the container publically readable. See this helpful discussion. If you are using temporary URLs, verify that your key is set correctly.

Quickstart

# This was executed on a VM running a SAIO, for example with
# https://github.com/swiftstack/vagrant-swift-all-in-one

# Create two world-readable containers
swift post -r ".r:*" django
swift post -r ".r:*" django-static

# A virtualenv to keep installation separated
virtualenv sampleenv
source sampleenv/bin/activate
pip install django-storage-swift
pip install django

# Create a sample project
django-admin startproject sampleproj
export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=sampleproj.settings
cd sampleproj/

# A few required settings, using SAIO defaults
cat <<EOF >> sampleproj/settings.py
DEFAULT_FILE_STORAGE='swift.storage.SwiftStorage'
STATICFILES_STORAGE ='swift.storage.StaticSwiftStorage'
SWIFT_AUTH_URL='http://127.0.0.1:8080/auth/v1.0'
SWIFT_USERNAME='test:tester'
SWIFT_KEY='testing'
SWIFT_CONTAINER_NAME='django'
SWIFT_STATIC_CONTAINER_NAME='django-static'
EOF

# Create the initial DB data
python manage.py migrate

# This uploads static files to Swift
python manage.py collectstatic --noinput

# Now open http://127.0.0.1:8000/admin/ in your browser
# Static files like CSS are served by Swift
python manage.py runserver
 
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
django-storage-swift-1.2.10.tar.gz (md5, pgp) Source 2016-07-05 7KB
django_storage_swift-1.2.10-py2.py3-none-any.whl (md5, pgp) Python Wheel py2.py3 2016-07-05 11KB