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vcs-repo-mgr 0.32.1

Version control repository manager

The Python package vcs-repo-mgr provides a command line program and Python API to perform common operations (in the context of packaging/deployment) on version control repositories. It’s currently tested on cPython 2.6, 2.7, 3.4 and 3.5 and PyPy (2.7). Bazaar, Mercurial and Git repositories are currently supported.

Installation

The vcs-repo-mgr package is available on PyPI which means installation should be as simple as:

$ pip install vcs-repo-mgr

There’s actually a multitude of ways to install Python packages (e.g. the per user site-packages directory, virtual environments or just installing system wide) and I have no intention of getting into that discussion here, so if this intimidates you then read up on your options before returning to these instructions ;-).

You will also need Bazaar, Mercurial and/or Git installed (depending on the type of repositories you want to work with). Here’s how you install them on Debian and Ubuntu based systems:

$ sudo apt-get install bzr mercurial git-core

Usage

There are two ways to use the vcs-repo-mgr package: As the command line program vcs-tool and as a Python API. For details about the Python API please refer to the API documentation available on Read the Docs. The command line interface is described below.

Usage: vcs-tool [OPTIONS] [ARGS]

Command line program to perform common operations (in the context of packaging/deployment) on version control repositories. Supports Bazaar, Mercurial and Git repositories.

Supported options:

Option Description
-r, --repository=REPOSITORY

Select a repository to operate on by providing the name of a repository defined in one of the configuration files ~/.vcs-repo-mgr.ini and /etc/vcs-repo-mgr.ini.

Alternatively the location of a remote repository can be given. The location should be prefixed by the type of the repository (with a “+” in between) unless the location ends in “.git” in which case the prefix is optional.

--rev, --revision=REVISION

Select a revision to operate on. Accepts any string that’s supported by the VCS system that manages the repository, which means you can provide branch names, tag names, exact revision ids, etc. This option is used in combination with the --find-revision-number, --find-revision-id and --export options.

If this option is not provided a default revision is selected: “last:1” for Bazaar repositories, “master” for git repositories and “default” (not “tip”!) for Mercurial repositories.

--release=RELEASE_ID

Select a release to operate on. This option works in the same way as the --revision option. Please refer to the vcs-repo-mgr documentation for details on “releases”.

Although release identifiers are based on branch or tag names they may not correspond literally, this is why the release identifier you specify here is translated to a global revision id before being passed to the VCS system.

-n, --find-revision-number Print the local revision number (an integer) of the revision given with the --revision option. Revision numbers are useful as a build number or when a simple, incrementing version number is required. Revision numbers should not be used to unambiguously refer to a revision (use revision ids for that instead). This option is used in combination with the --repository and --revision options.
-i, --find-revision-id Print the global revision id (a string) of the revision given with the --revision option. Global revision ids are useful to unambiguously refer to a revision. This option is used in combination with the --repository and --revision options.
--list-releases Print the identifiers of the releases in the repository given with the --repository option. The release identifiers are printed on standard output (one per line), ordered using natural order comparison.
--select-release=RELEASE_ID Print the identifier of the newest release that is not newer than RELEASE_ID in the repository given with the --repository option. The release identifier is printed on standard output.
-s, --sum-revisions

Print the summed revision numbers of multiple repository/revision pairs. The repository/revision pairs are taken from the positional arguments to vcs-repo-mgr.

This is useful when you’re building a package based on revisions from multiple VCS repositories. By taking changes in all repositories into account when generating version numbers you can make sure that your version number is bumped with every single change.

--vcs-control-field Print a line containing a Debian control file field and value. The field name will be one of “Vcs-Bzr”, “Vcs-Hg” or “Vcs-Git”. The value will be the repository’s remote location and the selected revision (separated by a “#” character).
-u, --update Create/update the local clone of a remote repository by pulling the latest changes from the remote repository. This option is used in combination with the --repository option.
-m, --merge-up

Merge a change into one or more release branches and the default branch.

By default merging starts from the current branch. You can explicitly select the branch where merging should start using the --rev, --revision and --release options.

You can also start by merging a feature branch into the selected release branch before merging the change up through later release branches and the default branch. To do so you pass the name of the feature branch as a positional argument.

If the feature branch is located in a different repository you can prefix the location of the repository to the name of the feature branch with a “#” token in between, to delimit the location from the branch name.

-e, --export=DIRECTORY Export the contents of a specific revision of a repository to a local directory. This option is used in combination with the --repository and --revision options.
-d, --find-directory Print the absolute pathname of a local repository. This option is used in combination with the --repository option.
-v, --verbose Make more noise.
-h, --help Show this message and exit.

The primary way to use the vcs-tool command requires you to create a configuration file:

$ cat > ~/.vcs-repo-mgr.ini << EOF
[coloredlogs]
type = git
local = /tmp/coloredlogs
remote = git@github.com:xolox/python-coloredlogs.git
EOF

Because the -r, --repository option accepts remote repository locations in addition to names it’s not actually required to create a configuration file. Of course this depends on your use case(s).

Below are some examples of the command line interface. If you’re interested in using the Python API please refer to the online documentation.

Updating repositories

If the configuration file defines a local and remote repository and the local repository doesn’t exist yet it will be created the first time you update it:

$ vcs-tool --repository coloredlogs --update
2014-05-04 18:55:54 INFO Creating Git clone of git@github.com:xolox/python-coloredlogs.git at /tmp/coloredlogs ..
Cloning into bare repository '/tmp/coloredlogs'...
remote: Reusing existing pack: 96, done.
remote: Counting objects: 5, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (5/5), done.
remote: Total 101 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
Receiving objects: 100% (101/101), 28.11 KiB, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (44/44), done.

Later runs will pull the latest changes instead of performing a full clone:

$ vcs-tool --repository coloredlogs --update
2014-05-04 18:55:56 INFO Updating Git clone of git@github.com:xolox/python-coloredlogs.git at /tmp/coloredlogs ..
From github.com:xolox/python-coloredlogs
 * branch HEAD -> FETCH_HEAD

Finding revision numbers/ids

Revision numbers are integer numbers that increment with every added revision. They’re very useful during packaging/deployment:

$ vcs-tool --repository coloredlogs --revision master --find-revision-number
24

Revision ids (hashes) are hexadecimal strings that uniquely identify revisions. They are useful to unambiguously refer to a revision and its history (e.g while building a package you can embed the revision id as a hint about the origins of the package):

$ vcs-tool --repository coloredlogs --revision master --find-revision-id
bce75c1eea88ebd40135cd45de716fe9591e348c

Exporting revisions

By default the repositories created by vcs-repo-mgr do not contain a working tree, just the version control files (in Git terminology this is called a “bare repository”). This has two reasons:

  1. Bare repositories help conserve disk space. This is insignificant for small repositories, but on large repositories it can make a noticeable difference. Especially if you’re using a lot of them :-)
  2. Bare repositories enforce the principle that the working tree shouldn’t be used during packaging (instead you should export the tree at a specific revision to a temporary directory and use that). This insistence on not using the working tree during packaging has two reasons:
    1. The working tree can contain files which are not under version control. Such files should certainly not be included in a package unintentionally.
    2. If the working tree of a repository is used, this makes it impossible to safely perform parallel builds from the same repository (the builds can corrupt each other’s working tree).

This means that if you want to do something with the files in the repository you have to export a revision to a (temporary) directory:

$ vcs-tool --repository coloredlogs --export /tmp/coloredlogs-snapshot
2014-05-04 19:17:24 INFO Exporting revision master of /tmp/coloredlogs to /tmp/coloredlogs-snapshot ..

$ ls -l /tmp/coloredlogs-snapshot
total 28K
drwxrwxr-x 2 peter peter 4.0K May  3 14:31 coloredlogs
drwxrwxr-x 3 peter peter 4.0K May  3 14:31 vim
-rw-rw-r-- 1 peter peter 1.1K May  3 14:31 LICENSE.txt
-rw-rw-r-- 1 peter peter   56 May  3 14:31 MANIFEST.in
-rw-rw-r-- 1 peter peter 5.4K May  3 14:31 README.rst
-rwxrwxr-x 1 peter peter 1.1K May  3 14:31 setup.py

Future improvements

This section is currently a “braindump” which means I haven’t committed to any of these improvements, I’m just thinking out loud ;-).

Improve interactive repository selection

Two improvements for interactive usage of the vcs-tool program:

  • Automatically load a repository’s configuration when a pathname is given that matches an entry in a configuration file (right now you need to give the repository’s name in order to load its configuration).
  • Do the obvious thing when no repository is specified on the command line but the working directory matches a configured repository.
Wildcard matching in configuration files
It might be interesting to support shell wildcard matching against local directory names to apply a default configuration to a group of repositories?
Enable more extensive customization
Right now the version control commands are hard coded and not easy to customize for those cases where the existing API gets you 90% of where you want to be but makes that last 10% impossible. Technically this is already possible through subclassing, but a more lightweight solution would certainly be nice to have :-).
Switch to executor.contexts
Switch to executor.contexts for external command execution to enable dependency injection of command execution contexts. I haven’t really investigated how complex the switch will be. It might be possible to somehow combine the above point (enable customization) and this point (dependency injection) but I’m not yet sure what that would look like.
Extend Bazaar support
Try to bring Bazaar support up to par with the features supported for Git and Mercurial repositories. To be honest I’m not sure this is worth the effort, I find myself working with Bazaar repositories less and less.

Contact

The latest version of vcs-repo-mgr is available on PyPI and GitHub. For bug reports please create an issue on GitHub. If you have questions, suggestions, etc. feel free to send me an e-mail at peter@peterodding.com.

License

This software is licensed under the MIT license.

© 2016 Peter Odding.

 
File Type Py Version Uploaded on Size
vcs-repo-mgr-0.32.1.tar.gz (md5) Source 2016-08-04 41KB
vcs_repo_mgr-0.32.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl (md5) Python Wheel py2.py3 2016-08-04 45KB